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Ap European History Dbq 2005 Essays and Research Papers. Between the period from 1880 to 1914, European powers went after overseas empires in Africa. The governments and submission ucl political leaders of the essay language . European powers believed that this colonization of the African empires was necessary to submission maintain their global influence. A second group of people supposed that African colonization was the result of the greedy Capitalists who only cared for new resources and markets. The third group of people claimed it to be their job to enlighten and essays educate the uncivilized. Africa , British Empire , Colonialism 832 Words | 3 Pages. The 17th and 18th centuries saw the submission thesis ucl embryonic stage of women#8217;s quest for intellectual and social parity with men. The evolution of women#8217;s fight . for equal opportunities was bogged down by a long history of stereotyping and essays condescension. Women were weaker physically, bore children and nurtured them. The economics and culture of Europe at this time was strongly influenced by religion and resulted in prejudice against women. The dominating religions of thesis Europe in the 1600#8217;s and 1700#8217;s.
Discrimination , Equality , Equals sign 1046 Words | 3 Pages. Document Based Question Guidelines for DBQ’s (document based questions): On the AP exam, you will encounter a specialized type of essay of english essay . known as a DBQ . Although these are often intimidating at submission thesis ucl, first, students eventually learn that the DBQ is their friend. If you can master the skill of writing a good DBQ , it doesn’t matter what question the problem College Board throws at you in May—you can handle it! 1.The DBQ is essentially a short research essay where someone else has done all the research for. 19th century , 21st century , 2nd millennium 1379 Words | 4 Pages. Ap European History Renaissance Education Dbq Exercise. Renaissance Education DBQ Exercise During the thesis ucl Renaissance, scholars became more interested in not taken, the humanistic features of submission society, . and humanistic educators based their teaching models on Greek and Latin classics. Renaissance education was One apparent purpose of a Renaissance education was to praise the value of useful education, through the teaching of the classics, mainly Greek literature that was written by Greek philosophers, mathematicians and other important figures. Some criticised.
Ancient Greek , Education , History of education 909 Words | 3 Pages. Martin Luther Dbq-Ap European History. Justine Chapel November 19, 2012 AP Euro P3 Martin Luther DBQ By the 1500’s many issues shows signs of disorder within the . Church. The idea of selling indulgences (forgiveness for essay, sin) for clergy benefit began to negatively spread throughout the people, along with opposition to pluralism (holding more than one office). This sparked many attempts to reform the church through individual groups, one of which being the Brotherhood of Common Life.
One of their accomplishments was starting schools for. Catholic Church , Indulgence , Martin Luther 1053 Words | 3 Pages. Submission Ucl. ?Miguel Raymond European History Essay Final Exam Was Germany to blame for World War 1? Germany was in fact to blame for . World War 1. Although there were other countries that were partially to blame for there actions. Essay. But it was clear that they played the minor role and Germany played the major one. In 1904 there was a rivalry between nations that increased to a certain extent that caused armies to expand. Submission Thesis Ucl. Certain nations also tried to build alliances.
Germany was an history, imperialistic country. Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria , Belgium , German Empire 713 Words | 3 Pages. AP European History DBQ Activity Using the APEURO DBQ from 2008 . Submission Thesis Ucl. answer the following questions. Write down the question you are going to be answering. Explain the reasons for problem solve, the adaptation of a new calendar in the revolutionary France and analyze reactions to thesis ucl it in the period of 1789 to 1806. Write down the essays metamorphosis 6 elements of the basic core you will be scored on and explain how you will receive these points. Thesis Ucl. 1. Thesis 2. Majority. Catholic Church , Documents , Explanation 349 Words | 3 Pages. each person. Some supported the saramago war through the submission ucl end, while some changed their view and wanted the war to mla writing end. In another perspective, some saw the war as an . economic opportunity.
Wars were series of repetitious events that occurred throughout the history of mankind. No matter how horrid they were, however, they brought a sense of unity among the people who were forced to unite to ucl defend their home. When the the road not taken declaration of war had been made on August 1, 1914, the German Emperor Wilhelm II used words. Thesis Ucl. Archduke Franz Ferdinand of essays Austria , Declaration of war , Declaration of war by submission thesis the United States 903 Words | 3 Pages. AP European History: “European Workers in the 19th Century DBQ” “ European Workers in the 19th Century DBQ ” During the nineteenth century in Europe, the majority of European . Essay Of English Language. workers had moved from the country into cities on account of the submission thesis modernization of problem solve their farms. Due to the large increase of submission thesis population in such close quarters, the living conditions of the workers were in solve, shambles, and the people began to protest and demand better living conditions. While some sought for government reforms that would put a new emphasis on those less fortunate, others found. 19th century , Egalitarianism , Karl Marx 1031 Words | 3 Pages. deserve to be forced out of submission thesis ucl America, it doesn’t matter what they believed, they helped form this country just as much was the rebels did, they have every . Math Problem Solve. right to stay in their own country 4. How important were the diplomatic relations between European nations in determining the success of the American Revolution?
How significant a role did the French play in securing American independence? How significant a role did the rest of Europe play? How did the American Revolution change diplomatic relations. American Revolution , American Revolutionary War , British Empire 2105 Words | 6 Pages. AP United States History Document-Based Question After its victory over Britain in the War of 1812, the United States of . America became immersed in national pride which led to Era of Good Feelings, a period of unprecedented political unity.
However, problems and disagreements grew behind the submission ucl facets of the essays existentialism metamorphosis era that manifested nationalism. Sectionalism began to form as the dissent between the submission thesis ucl north and the south and different political figures intensified. Divergence among politicians was. American Civil War , James Monroe , John Quincy Adams 957 Words | 3 Pages. DBQ : The Diverging Societies The Chesapeake and New England colonies evolved into two distinctive societies by jose saramago the 1700’s because . differences in ucl, developments occurred. These differences included motives for being founded, social transformations, and history of english geographic settlements.
The Chesapeake and New England society differed in their motives for colonization. The Chesapeake region of Virginia was founded by the Virginia Company as a joint-stock company. Their main goal was to build opportunities. Colony , England , Massachusetts Bay Colony 1246 Words | 4 Pages. Submission Ucl. DBQ American expansionism in the late 19th century and early 20th century was, to a large extent, a continuation of past United States . expansionism, while also departing with previous expansionism in Personal statement., some aspects.
During the period of time between the late 19th century and early 20th century, America was going through significant changes. After a revolution in Cuba against the Spanish, as well as the Americans starting the submission thesis Spanish-American War, the Americans received several territorial concessions. Essays Existentialism. 20th century , American Civil War , American Empire 977 Words | 3 Pages. Summer Assignment Ap European History. Summer Assignment AP European History Total Points: 120 points Step One: 1. Pick up a copy of the submission ucl . AP Euro textbook from the library next week (5/31 to 6/9). 2. Saramago Blindness Essay. Check out the class website: http://teacherweb.com/CA/HarborHighSchool/Mayer/apt1.aspx 3. If you have questions or if you cannot complete any of the following assignments-email Ms. Mayer at email@example.com. 4. Not completing the following assignments by the first day of thesis school may result in being dropped from existentialism this course. Step.
Famine , Great Famine , Great Famine of 1315–1317 595 Words | 5 Pages. AP ® United States History 2010 Free-Response Questions The College Board The College Board is a not-for-profit membership . association whose mission is to submission thesis ucl connect students to college success and opportunity. Founded in 1900, the College Board is composed of more than 5,700 schools, colleges, universities and other educational organizations. Each year, the College Board serves seven million students and their parents, 23,000 high schools, and 3,800 colleges through major programs and services in. Advanced Placement , American Civil War , College Board 1873 Words | 6 Pages.
AP European History - DBQ Essay In 1848, continuous revolutions occurred throughout the continent of . Europe. In reactions to saramago blindness the revolutions some Europeans thought that the revolutions were great, successful, and an accomplishment for the people because they have gotten what they wanted. While other Europeans reacted to these revolutions as a disturbance in submission thesis ucl, society and the road some revolutions had gone too far, and even loathed the idea of revolts. Thesis Ucl. . Europe , Frederick William IV of Prussia , Germany 505 Words | 2 Pages. The AP European History: Study Notes. of Europe. Existentialism. Social Differences Preserving the unique history and cultural differences of European nations presented itself . Submission Ucl. as a roadblock to early European cooperation. Essay Of English Language. •Long standing rivalries/ histories •Nationalism (France 1960s DeGaulle withdrawal from NATO) •Class/Wealth/Ethnic distinctions between Nations Political Differences Political disagreements between Europe’s leaders lead to an impasse in early European cooperation. •Concerns over Sovereignty/ Central Power.
Austria , Euro , Europe 642 Words | 3 Pages. ? AP European History Essays These are the ucl APEH essay questions for the years 2001- 2005 . Mla Writing. How would . you have done? Can you categorize them? Develop a thesis? Find supporting evidence? 2005 1. Submission Ucl. ( DBQ ) Analyze various views regarding Western European unity from 1946 to 1989. 2. Analyze how economic and social developments affected women in England in the period from 1700 to 1850. 3. Using examples from at least two different states, analyze the key features of the “new monarchies” and. Eastern Europe , Europe , European Union 745 Words | 4 Pages. Ap World History Dbq Christianity. Essay Not Taken. Unit 6 DBQ When thinking about the history of the world, one must always consider that merchants as well as trade have played an . immerse role in shaping the world as it is today.
They are responsible for many of the cross-cultural interactions that we have had in the past. Christianity and Islam, the two predominant religions of the ucl world today, have both grown and spread through merchants and essays metamorphosis trade also. Submission Thesis. These two chief religions both have attitudes towards merchants and trade that have either. International trade , Islam , Merchant 1597 Words | 4 Pages. Document-Based Question: Religious Views on War Complete and submit this assignment by the due date to receive full credit. (45 points) 1. To complete this . Graded Assignment, retrieve the Religious Views on War DBQ . Essay The Road. Use this document with its essay instructions and the DBQ Checklist to thesis complete this DBQ essay. Please consult the rubric throughout the process. Using the documents, compare the views of major world religions on the road war. What additional kind of document(s) would you need to compare the views of.
Abrahamic religions , Bible , Christianity 1003 Words | 3 Pages. in ucl, their way. This mental warfare is described in document 3, where it is said that the Mongols would completely surround the city they were attacking in . order to appear much larger in number that they actually were. While it is often said that history is told from the point of view of the victors, this does not pertain to the Mongols. Being illiterate, they could not keep records, and instead relied on the efforts of their subjects to keep the empire running smoothly. This also means that all primary. Statement.. Black Death , Central Asia , Genghis Khan 1120 Words | 3 Pages. AP US History 1) In Documents A, B, and C some problems in their colonial government was that all colonies . Ucl. wanted to unite and become one government but one colony always tried to control all of it.
Also, they tried to fix the way they would trade with the Indians by setting standards all would have to follow. When they were untied for a moment in time though, they had set laws that if one colony needed assistance, the math problem solve other colonies must bring a certain number of soldiers to assist. American Revolution , Benjamin Franklin , Colonialism 940 Words | 3 Pages. DBQ : Fascism After World War I and the Great Depression, why did some European contries turn toward fascism while other . Submission Thesis Ucl. European countries stayed democratic? After World War I, Europe struggles to statement. return to peace and stability. Many new democratic governments fell apart under the submission ucl attack of the essays existentialism Great Depression. As a result, new totalitarian regimes emerged such as Fascism and Communism.
Totalitarian is a relating system of governments that is centralized and dictatorial and submission thesis ucl requires complete. Adolf Hitler , Benito Mussolini , Fascism 595 Words | 2 Pages. ?2007 DBQ At the height of the Han and Personal statement. Roman Empires, the emergence of ucl technological advancements heavily influenced their societies. Essay History. These . advancements had several benefits in improving the social order of the submission empires, however they also had their negative effects; the essential argument being that the mla writing more elaborate, and intricate the inventions were, the higher they were considered in the social classes. The simpler, craft-like inventions on the other hand, were said to be made by men who are. Thesis Ucl. Ancient Rome , Byzantine Empire , Elite 893 Words | 3 Pages.
3. Within Africa the economic motives of rulers and merchants trumped any cultural/ethnic/racial hostility toward Europeans . They sold . fellow Africans into slavery apparently without qualms. 4. Africans did not identify themselves as “black,” but as members of essay more than 600 different tribal and ucl ethnic groups. 5. Black slaves were an object of curiosity at European courts. 6. The Renaissance concept of people from sub-Saharan Africa was shaped by Christian symbology of essay not taken light. Florence , History of Italy , Italian city-states 1572 Words | 5 Pages. Why I Chose AP European History Grace Oetting Charleston High School One reason why I chose . AP European History class is because I wanted to bring myself to a higher learning level. I have heard from thesis ucl other students that this is mla writing not an easy class to pass. My goal is to remain focused, do all the homework, and keep my grade at an A all year.
I also like the fact that AP is a year-long course verses Modern European History which is only one semester. I think that spending. French Revolution , History , History of Europe 510 Words | 3 Pages. Submission Thesis Ucl. Throughout history , there is saramago blindness essay not an ucl, event that can relate to mla writing the one of the American Revolution. This revolution that took place in the . Americas had many events that led to this revolution for the colonies. The events that slowly crept up to the much-needed revolution was in the period from thesis 1750 to 1776. During this time, the struggling American colonies that were under control by math solve the English and thesis its parliament were dealing with different situations politically, socially and economically that led. American Revolution , Benjamin Franklin , Boston Tea Party 1057 Words | 3 Pages. AP European History Study Guide Chapter 15. ? AP European History Study Guide Chapter 15 This study guide is to help you get ready for the test. Jose Essay. Some of . the ucl information asked is found in the notes, and some in the textbook. This is typical of MOST college classes and this style of study guide is designed to prepare you!
Also, while most test questions come from essay this guide, anything in the notes and textbook could be on the test! You MUST do this study guide for submission, points! You may NOT type this study guide out! You also MUST do the. 18th century , Age of Enlightenment , Communism 769 Words | 4 Pages. Ap European History Summer Assignment 2012. Existentialism Metamorphosis. Dustin Winski Jun 26th, 2012 AP Euro AP European History Summer Assignment 2012 Why . did trade and thesis ucl travel decline after the fall of Rome? After the mla writing fall of Rome, with no government to submission supply protection or to jose blindness essay keep the rads and submission bridges repaired, travel became difficult and dangerous.
This danger, coupled with ignorance and math problem lack of desire to change the situation by the powerful lords, whose manors required little trade, led to the decline in travel and trade. Who was the thesis ucl first. Bishop , Feudalism , High Middle Ages 1463 Words | 6 Pages. Mla Writing. ? AP European History Exploration Quiz This is your chance to demonstrate your knowledge of the causes and effects . of European exploration and submission also to mla writing demonstrate your ability to construct a good essay. Answer the question below in a 5 paragraph essay that includes an XYZ thesis, good organization and specific and appropriate supporting evidenceYour essay will be graded using the FRQ core rubric score table (See below) Analyze the motives that shaped European colonial expansion in thesis, the period 1450-1750. Buffer , Core , Essay 618 Words | 4 Pages. ? AP European History Summer Work Welcome to AP European History ! This . course is comparable in scope and difficulty to a college-level course. AP European History’s principle goal is to metamorphosis foster a deeper understanding of the submission thesis ucl cultural, diplomatic, economic, intellectual, political, and social history of Europe from the High Renaissance (1450) to of english language the present. Thesis. While using primary and secondary sources alongside a college-level textbook, students will learn to read with discrimination and to express. Art , Art history , Baroque 1656 Words | 5 Pages. AP American History DBQ : Jacksonian Democracy Jacksonian democracy was created during the antebellum America.
The . Jackson democrats made an attempt to grant power to the lower classes while decreasing the influence of the rich and potent. The Jacksonian democrats viewed themselves as saviors of the Personal statement. common people and ruled by the means of submission thesis a powerful executive branch who attempted to destroy aristocracy in America. In reality, they were typically very wealthy, they disregarded the capability of the. Andrew Jackson , Democracy , Democratic Party 715 Words | 3 Pages. AP Exam Essays 2001-2010 2010 AP Exam Essays 1. Language. In what ways did ideas and values held by Puritans influence the . political, economic, and submission social development of the New England colonies from 1630 through the 1660s? 2. Analyze the political, diplomatic, and military reasons for the United States victory in the Revolutionary War. Confine your answer to the period 1775–1783. 3. Analyze the ways in which controversy over Personal, the extension of slavery into western territories contributed to submission thesis the. American Civil War , American Revolution , Cold War 1649 Words | 5 Pages. ?Anthony Ronacher 11/22/14 311-01 Cricket DBQ Essay Cricket is a bat-and-ball sport introduced to India by . the British.
It is a sport that can be enjoyed by a wide variety of people. This sport also has a very clear relation with politics. Cricket has been around for history of english, quite some time, and as we can see, it became increasingly popular throughout the early to mid-1950s. However, when people began competing religiously, it started to bring tension throughout society. Bias , Cricket , Cricket field 2289 Words | 7 Pages. DBQ After the devastation of World War I, the vast majority of people saw the world in a totally different light. Submission Thesis Ucl. So many people had died. The Road. . The future of society seemed pessimistic and submission thesis ucl dark at best. The Big Four had come together in France to sign the Treaty of Versailles, officially ending the solve war in ucl, 1918. I agree with the statement that the Treaty of Versailles was ill-created, bringing about far more problems than it solved and later paving the road to World War II. Political, social, and economic. Adolf Hitler , Armistice with Germany , League of Nations 880 Words | 3 Pages.
Articles of Confederation Ap Us History Dbq. Essay #4 Trevor Gaston 10/21/10 AP US History C-Block “From 1781 to language 1789, the Articles of Confederation provided the . United States with an effective government;” a bold statement considering the fact that the submission thesis ucl Articles lasted only 8 years. Although, I suppose the case could be made that the Articles of Confederation provided the means for a temporary government, only acting as a first-time attempt for the colonies in creating a more perfect representation for the colonies as a whole. This. Articles of Confederation , Federal government of the United States , Massachusetts 955 Words | 3 Pages. ? Ancient World: Civilizations and Religion World History September 23, 2013 World . Statement.. History 23 September 2013 Ancient World: Civilizations and Religion Thousands of years ago, Ancient River Civilizations were thriving. At the submission time, they were like Paris, France, London, England or New York, New York; they were the places everyone wanted to be. These river civilizations established farming, formal religious rituals, governments, and writing and with. Essay. Ancient Egypt , Ancient history , Ancient Near East 1380 Words | 10 Pages.
AP WORLD HISTORY Name___________________ DBQ Period ______ Description: Students will research and then . create their own document-based question ( DBQ ) in AP World History . The DBQ should follow the format used on the Advanced Placement Examination, and students should observe the following guideline: 1. The question should be phrased using one of the following key terms or phrases: • -Defend or refute • -Analyze • -Evaluate • -To what extent and in what ways . APA style , Diary , Following 394 Words | 4 Pages. Ap European History Dbq: French Nobility. Jason Billinglsey European History 9 May 2013 DBQ : French Nobility During the time period of the submission late . sixteenth century to the late eighteenth century the concept of what nobility is and what it was conceived to be varied greatly as more modern thoughts developed and desperation of monarchs grew to meet such demand. The arguments related to mla writing nobility differed greatly, but these were the most crucial; the thesis difference between the sword and the robe and the right to even hold such a position. Dauphin of statement. France , French nobility , French Revolution 615 Words | 2 Pages. * high degree of submission ucl social mobility.
No classes, no one really had the “upper hand”. Problem Solve. Colonial Americans were able to submission thesis go from “rags to riches” with somewhat . of an ease. Makers of not taken America: The Scots-Irish Know: The Session 4. How had the history of the Scots-Irish affected their characteristics? * they distanced themselves from the Anglican church. This affected their religious choices later on – they accepted Presbyterianism, not Anglicanism. Clerics, Physicians, and Jurists . Benjamin Franklin , British Empire , Colonial history of the United States 418 Words | 3 Pages. Ucl. Ap European History Chapter 17 Notes. (a group of influential intellectuals who proudly proclaim that they, at long last, bring the flight of knowledge to their ignorant fellow creatures.) . * To appeal to the public and get around the sensors, they wrote novels and plays, histories and philosophies, dictionaries and encyclopedias, all filled with satire and metamorphosis double meanings to submission ucl spread their message to an eager audience * The baron de Montesquieu 1689-1755 * The Persian letters 1721 *. Age of jose saramago Enlightenment , Galileo Galilei , Isaac Newton 1278 Words | 5 Pages. Throughout the history of the thesis ucl world, imperialism has played a major role. Imperialism is one country’s complete domination of the political, . economic, and mla writing social life of thesis ucl another country. Imperialism has many positive and negative effects. The Age of Imperialism is considered 1800 - 1914.
During this time Europe became a major world leader. European countries set up colonies all over Africa, Latin America, and Asia, and encouraged their citizens to mla writing populate them. European imperialism boosted Europe’s. Africa , Americas , Colonialism 812 Words | 3 Pages. AP European History 24 October 2012 The Dutch: Divided and Deeply Indebted The signing of the Peace of . Westphalia in thesis, 1648 ended the Thirty Years’ War and brought about the formation of the independent Dutch Republic, a coalition of the seven provinces of the mla writing Netherlands. Submission. During the mid 17th century, the Dutch became the wealthiest and most active trading and math shipbuilding people in Europe. By dominating most trading routes in the Baltic and Atlantic Seas, the ucl Dutch Republic earned recognition. Amsterdam , Baltic Sea , Dutch East India Company 1166 Words | 3 Pages. 1996 ap us history free response dbq. Embargo Act only delayed what seemed to be the inevitable.
The Embargo Act caused a complete boycott of British and European goods, and it was . supposedly an ultimatum for the discontinuation of British and European harassment of American ships. The Embargo Act in turned backfired, because it hurt the merchants through the discontinued trade with superpower, Great Britain and other European countries, and was three times more costly than war itself. On the other hand, the Embargo did have positive attributes. Aaron Burr , Alexander Hamilton , Democratic-Republican Party 1322 Words | 4 Pages. Dbq American Revolution Ap Us History. effects of the Revolution in the period from 1775 to 1800. Notes from Mr.
Williams: This essay was given to 2nd period APUSH on their first in- class . essay. Included were 10 documents (if interested in seeing them, please come into class). The DBQ writer needed to statement. take ideas and submission thesis topics from the history of english documents, and ADD significant outside fact and thesis analysis. Math Solve. Notice that this writer does a complete job. He/she deals with the entire question (deals with extent) and answers the ucl question from economic.
American Revolution , American Revolutionary War , Articles of Confederation 901 Words | 3 Pages. Chapter 11 Outline and Summary Ap European History. gender roles under the the road assumption that women were the weaker gender. Technological developments included the perfection of the clock and eyeglasses, and ucl . paper began to replace parchment. Finally, the development of gunpowder blew the Middle Ages into history . Mla Writing. Black Death , Bubonic plague , Hundred Years' War 916 Words | 4 Pages. Ap European History Reading Questions-Chapter 15. deployments, equipment and methods were introduced in European armies which were widely adopted within a decade by almost all armies and thesis all . further developed over the next few decades.
3. The Military Revolution refers to a radical change in military strategy and tactics with resulting major changes in government. History Language. The concept was introduced by Michael Roberts in the 1950s as he focused on Sweden 1560–1660 searching for major changes in the European way of submission ucl war caused by introduction of portable firearms. Absolute monarchy , Charles I of England , Constitutional monarchy 1637 Words | 4 Pages. AP European History Chapter 14 Study Guide. Armada-the Spanish fleet that set sail to England 27. Puritanism-refer to those Protestants within the Anglican church who, inspired by Calvinist theology, . wanted to remove any trace of Catholicism from the Church of England 28. Price revolution- european intellectuals had associated the rise in prices with the great influx of precious metals from the New World and cause inflation 29. Joint stock company-profits were also being made in shipbuilding and in math, mining and thesis ucl metallurgy, where technological.
Calvinism , Henry III of France , Malleus Maleficarum 1054 Words | 3 Pages. ? AP WORLD HISTORY Chapter Processing Work INTRODUCTION Historical Thinking Skill Exercise: Periodization: Compare the author’s . periodization in Parts One through Six to mla writing the Colleges Board’s historical periodization. Ucl. How do the author’s dates and titles compare to the College Board’s? What explains the similarities and the differences? Why do you suppose the periodization in world history can be so controversial? UNIT 1 CHAPTER 1: Historical Thinking Skill Exercise: Historical Argumentation. Age of Discovery , Bankruptcy in the United States , Early modern Europe 1306 Words | 5 Pages.
Ch. 12 Study Guide - AP European History. and France for control of the French throne. 7. Joan of arc: Joan of Personal Arc is thesis ucl most famous for having captained French forces in the Battle of metamorphosis Orleans, in thesis ucl, . 1429. 8. Babylonian captivity: The Babylonian Captivity refers to a period in the church’s history , from problem solve 1309 to 1376, which resulted from the conflicts between the Papacy and submission ucl the French crown. 9. Lollards: Lollards were followers of math John Wyclif. 10.
House of commons (the “commons”): The Commons were the representative assemblies made up of. Avignon Papacy , Black Death , Bubonic plague 2324 Words | 6 Pages. DBQ Essay The game of cricket between 1880- 2005 played a very important political role in submission thesis ucl, South Asia. Essay. Cricket both strengthened . the relationship between Britain and India, and created good social changes. Although, the game weakened the submission religious and political rivalry according to the different perspectives of ten different sources. Mla Writing. Cricket helped unify and strengthen the relationship between Britain and India. As shown in document 3, Cecil Headlam, an English cricketer and historian, says that. Cricket , India , India national cricket team 1040 Words | 3 Pages. History in Africa Before Europeans.
Does Africa Have a History ? * * . * * There has been a notion that Africa does not have a history of submission ucl its own before Europeans came to Africa. Hugh Trevor-Roper made an mla writing, infamous statement in 1965 proclaiming, “Perhaps, in the future, there will be some African history to teach. But at. Africa , Ancient Egypt , Botswana 1559 Words | 5 Pages. ? AP European History 2011 – 2012 Mr. Submission Ucl. Porter firstname.lastname@example.org Room 307 Course Description: This course . History Of English. examines the ucl political, social, economic, intellectual and cultural history of essay history of english language Europe from the late Middle Ages and Renaissance to the turn of the 21st century. AP European History is a challenging course designed to be the submission ucl equivalent of a freshman college Western Civilization course and can earn students college credit. Students are expected to mla writing do a considerable amount of reading in both. Cold War , Communism , Europe 2337 Words | 12 Pages. hour Cricket and Politics In South Asia, cricket was a new found religion for the people of India. Thesis Ucl. India’s win in the World Cup in 1983 was a defining . moment, cricket was at an all time high, with the media and Bollywood as well.
Between 1880 and 2005 cricket effected politics by bridging religious tensions, a way to express nationalism and a way of unifying people of different groups together. Personal. Cricket was a unique game that brought people together. Documents 1,2,3,4 and 5 all show that cricket. Cricket , Cricket World Cup , England cricket team 1070 Words | 4 Pages. ?Julia Nash, Luke Ross Dr. Barnes AP European History Oct 10 2014 The peasants’ revolt in submission, the German states . between 1524 and 1526 was the math solve result of growing resentment towards the nobility and the church.
Peasants, craftsmen, and poor soldiers formed small armies that destroyed infrastructure and demanded more rights. Although, the fighting did make the peasants’ demands known to the nobility, the revolt was harshly crushed killing more than 100,000 insurgents. Among the many causes of the peasants’. Bavaria , Catholic Church , Church of submission ucl England 1014 Words | 5 Pages. ?Elliott Gengo AP US DBQ Summary 10/7/14 Document A Thomas Jefferson wrote to Gibeon Granger about the . powers of the states. Jefferson believes the country is too large to have a single federal government.
He believes that the states should have some power too. Statement.. Jefferson says the Republicans have accepted these rights from the Constitution and the federalists have opposed them. Document B Jefferson tells Samuel Miller that the Constitution doesn’t give the federal government. Submission Thesis Ucl. Democratic-Republican Party , Federalism , James Madison 910 Words | 4 Pages. ? EUROPEAN HISTORY DBQ . 1. Explain the reasons for the adoption of a new calendar in the road, revolutionary France and . analyze reactions to it in the period 1789 to 1806. Historical Background: On November 24, 1793, the National Convention adopted a revolutionary calendar to replace the Gregorian calendar (established by the Roman Catholic Church in 1582). Submission Ucl. New Year’s Day was moved from January 1 to September 22, the founding date of the French Republic, and this date in essay not taken, 1792 marked the beginning. French First Republic , French Republican Calendar , Gregorian calendar 1147 Words | 5 Pages. Submission Thesis. Throughout history , places around the world have traditionally participated in a cycle of ritualized events and festivals. Historically, . European life consisted of festivals like Carnival and Mardi Gras, along with common, daily rituals like charivari, or riding the stang.
Some festivals kept people happy and allowed them to unwind while others provided order and punishment. Different religious beliefs resulted in different opinions on certain festivals and rituals. Additionally, rituals and festivals. Solve. 2nd millennium , Ash Wednesday , Carnival 1331 Words | 4 Pages. The History Of The European Union.
?The history of the European Union The Founding Fathers of the EU The following visionary leaders inspired the creation of the . European Union we live in today. Submission Thesis Ucl. Without their energy and motivation we would not be living in the sphere of statement. peace and stability that we take for granted. From resistance fighters to lawyers, the founding fathers were a diverse group of people who held the same ideals: a peaceful, united and prosperous Europe. Beyond the founding fathers described below, many others have. Europe , European Coal and ucl Steel Community , European Commission 987 Words | 4 Pages. Not Taken. AP World History DBQ Catherine Phamduy 3/18/12 Western Imperialism As the human population grew in numbers, the . world became smaller, leading to imperialism, and as a result, a rise in racial superiority, native culture intrusions, and the expansion of many different colonies. Additional documents that would further support this statement are the informal letters written by leaders addressed to one another. Also important is hearing the voices of the natives whose lands were taken.
It would be. British Empire , Colonialism , Empire 792 Words | 3 Pages.
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It consists of protocols that concentrates on process to process communication from corner to corner of the IP network. It facilitates a firm communications interface. It also provides the end user services. It is the seventh layer of the OSI model. And is the only layer that interacts directly with the end user. We are highly rated amongst our peers in offering application layer project help. We also have a high rating for essays existentialism, providing application layer assignment help. Our experts is what make us a distinguished service for ucl, application layer homework help. The services provided by Personal, the application layer are as follows :- Simple Mail Transfer Protocol File transfer Web surfing Web chat Email clients Network data sharing Virtual terminals Different file and data operations It also finds its application in developing network based applications.
More than 15 protocols are in use in ucl, application layer. Some of the most prominent out of them being FTP, Telnet, Trivial file transfer protocol , Simple network management protocol etc. We are there to help candidates who not only want quality help with application layer assignment but want cost effective solution as well. We have got immense support and good feedback from essays metamorphosis, our clients through application layer project help. We have reached the apex position when it comes to online application layer homework help. We offer hundred percent plagiarism-free materials in solutions. That means our solutions are created by our experts from submission, scratch. It is not a shady cut, copy and paste job. We have carved a niche for ourselves when it comes to Personal statement. help with application. If you are on the Internet then you more than likely have used encryption whether you knew it or not.
By logging into the Gmail™ webmail service or your bank more than likely involves setting up an encrypted path between your web browser and the web server that is ucl hosting the problem site. Thesis? If it done correctly all the information that is passed over Internet is secure against eavesdroppers that may be watching the information pass across the network. The process of essays existentialism metamorphosis, setting up this secure communication path is seem-less fortunately for most of us. Authentication hasn’t always been this way. Cryptography has been around for thousands of years.
Today’s cryptography wouldn’t even be recognizable a hundred years ago. However we can look back to early times and see traces of what we now know as SSL, the AES, the other schema standards that we use today. Battlefield commanders used a simple letter-replacement encryption schema to obscure messages sent to troops in faraway lands a hundred years ago. Such messages needed to be meaningless to anyone intercepting the message on its way to the distant point but be easily decoded by the person of whom the thesis message was intended. Math Problem? Back then these messages were considered mostly safe and cryptanalysis, the attempt to break the encryption; it was done by hand and took a longer period of time than the message was valid. 1920s saw a change to the type of encryption being used. Submission Ucl? The Arthur Scherbius’s Enigma machine, which made it possible for businesses to create a more-secure cipher to communicate information over telegram or other medium. Math Problem Solve? The messages were secured with cipher that could be broken by trying 26 combinations. If the thesis ucl Germany military made changes to the machine the number of possible combinations exploded to 158 quintillion!
It would have seemed that messages secured using this machine would be safe forever. The two problems plagued the system that still haunts encryption experts today unfortunately: cryptanalysis and communicating the history language key. Communicating one’s key has been somewhat remedied by technology but technology has also benefited cryptanalysis to the detriment of submission ucl, many ciphers. If the Polish Cipher Bureau broke the Enigma encryption in 1932 the beginning of essay language, mechanical, the computerized if you will, the cipher breaking was seen. Then computers take aim at the cipher-text to try to recover the key, the message contents, or both. Depending on the cipher used and the key strength, as some messages can be decoded in a matter of minutes or hours. The new ciphers are constantly being developed and evaluated to combat the ever-growing threat. It should also be noted that it took several minutes, which depending on the length of the message, to both encrypt and decrypt a message.
Now a days the encryption and the decryption of messages happen in ucl, real-time. Essay Of English? People are only. We provide online help with cipher text assignment. Cipher text refers to the encryption of plain text that is used for data transfer over the networks. Submission Thesis Ucl? Encryption is the means that protects our invaluable information.
Encryption helps in protecting the data in transit over the network or on the world wide web from of english, unwanted intruders accessing and changing it. Encryption functions by making use of a mathematical formula known as cipher and a key to submission convert the essays readable data that is the plain text into a form that others cannot understand or the cipher text. The key makes the encrypted data unique. Only people possessing the same key and the mathematical formula or the cipher can understand this or decode the encryption. Keys are generally long sequence of numbers protected by ucl, passwords or biometric authentication. One of the essay of english best ways that the data can be protected over the mobile devices is by encrypting it. There are three general methods of encrypting the data. Specific files can be encrypted. Thesis Ucl? Some folders can be encrypted or the entire hard disk can be encrypted.
Most of the operating systems support at least one encryption methods. Encryption of the Personal entire hard disk also known as the full disk encryption is the safest way of encryption wherein we are not deciding upon what has to be encrypted and what has not to be encrypted. If the thesis encryption of the entire hard drive is not possible. Then those files and folders can be encrypted that contains sensitive information. Statement.? Data is submission thesis ucl highly vulnerable if is in transit. Statement.? HTTPS and WPA2 are the two kinds of submission thesis ucl, online encryption mechanisms. We readily provide help with cipher text assignment online.
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Cryptography deals with the arriving of the cipher text with the help of various mathematical algorithms which provides basic information system security. Cryptography can be regarded as the establishment of large toolkit with the various techniques of securing data to be transferred over the network. We are pleased to showcase help with cryptanalysis assignment. The art or science of decoding or breaking the coded text or the cipher text is referred to as the cryptanalysis. Cryptanalysis is also used in testing of the cryptographic techniques for their strengths in transferring the submission thesis ucl secure data over the world wide web. Personal? We gladly provide help with cryptography assignment. In a nutshell the study of the design of the cipher text is submission known as the cryptography and the study of the mechanism of decoding or breaking the cipher text is known as the cryptanalysis. Cryptography and cryptanalysis can be widely regarded as complimentary to each other. We are pleased to showcase help with cryptography/cryptanalysis assignment. The primary aim of cryptography is to provide following four basic services :- Confidentiality It is the essay history language most basic security service accorded by cryptography.
It is a service that keeps the information safe from the unwanted suspicious intruder over the internet. The confidentiality security service is thesis also referred to Personal as the secrecy or privacy. Confidentiality can be attained by enormous means right from physical securing or encoding to use of complex mathematical algorithms for thesis ucl, securing data. We gladly provide help with confidentiality assignment. Metamorphosis? Data Integrity Data integrity is ucl a security service that refers to the accomplishment of any change in the data. A data may be altered intentionally by a malicious intruder. Data integrity refers to the service which confirms whether the data is intact since when it was first created, modified or transferred over the network. Data integrity can not in itself prevent the alteration of the existentialism metamorphosis data but it surely tells us whether the data has been modified or altered over a process. We are pleased to showcase help with cryptanalysis homework. Our experts make us stand apart from the submission thesis ucl crowd who provide help with cryptanalysis assignment. Essay History Of English Language? Authentication Authentication provides identity to the originator of the data.
It gives the confirmation to the receiver of the data that the data received by him. We provide help with cryptography assignment. Our experts are so well versed with assignments on cryptography that you would be astonished by the standard of their solution. Our experts are highly efficient and provide quality help with cryptography homework. Basically there are two types of cryptosystems on the basis of the method in which encryption decryption is carried out by the system. Submission? They are Symmetric key encryption. Asymmetric key encryption. The basis of existentialism, difference between the above two cryptosystems is on the basis of the relationship between encryption and decryption key.
If the same keys are used for encrypting and decrypting then this kind of cryptosystem is known as the symmetric cryptosystem. The study of the thesis ucl symmetric cryptosystem is known as the symmetric cryptography. Symmetric cryptosystems are also known as the secret key cryptosystems. Some of the conspicuous examples of symmetric key encryption methods are as follows:- 1.IDEA BLOWFISH Digital encryption standard Triple digital encryption standard. We also provide online help with cryptography project. We provide quality cryptography assignment help well within the deadline. Our experts invariably have a masters or a PhD degree in their domain or the area of specialization. Essays Existentialism Metamorphosis? Our assignments are not only adequate for the undergraduates and graduate students but also for working professionals. Students as well as the working professionals can easily take help from thesis, our experts whenever they have any doubt over the cryptography topic. Of English? In the earlier days when the submission ucl use of computer was at an incipient stage only symmetric key encryption was in extensive use. Essay The Road Not Taken? Even now the symmetric key encryption is submission ucl being used extensively and chances are very feeble that it will ever fade away.
There are certain advantages it offers over asymmetric key encryption. Some of the jose saramago essay prominent features of the symmetric key encryption are as follows:- * The two parties using the symmetric key encryption must have the same key. * It is recommended that the keys be changed regularly in order to avoid any hacking attempts. * As the keys are needed to ucl be changed regularly this method becomes bulky and exorbitant. * Process of the encryption decryption is faster than asymmetric key encryption. * The hard disk space of the computer required to run the symmetric key encryption is less. We provide help with symmetric key homework. Computernetworkhomeworkhelp receive online cryptography assignment help on a daily basis. What sets us stand apart from the crowd of service providers is mla writing our quality cryptography project help. Detriments of thesis, symmetric key cryptography. The secure key establishment mechanism should be at its place. That is mla writing before any communication to begin between the two parties both the ucl sender and the receiver must agree upon statement., the establishment of the secret key.
Second and the most important factor is the trust factor. Since the sender and the receiver are using the. Decryption is the process of taking encoded or encrypted text or other data and submission ucl, converting it back into text that you or the computer are able to language read and submission, understand. It could be used to describe a method of mla writing, un-encrypting the data manually or with un-encrypting the submission data using the proper codes or keys. Types of decryption: There are two types of decryption Symmetric decryption Asymmetric decryption Asymmetric decryption: Asymmetric cryptography or public-key cryptography is cryptography in which a pair of keys is used to encrypt and decrypt a message so that it arrives securely. In start, a network user receives a public and private key pair from essay not taken, a certificate authority. The other user who wants to send an encrypted message can get the intended recipient’s public key from thesis, a public directory. Users use this key to encrypt message, they send it to the recipient. On the other side when the recipient gets the message, decrypt it with their private key that no one else should have access to. In symmetric cryptography, the same key is used for both encryption and decryption. It is simpler approach in jose saramago, dealing with each message, less secure since the key must be communicated to submission and known at both sender and receiver locations.
Symmetric key Decryption In this the encryption and math solve, decryption of text is done by a single key. Submission Thesis Ucl? Any person that knows key to encryption or decryption can access the essay history of english file and its contents. Algorithms used are fast and they are used to protect large and bulk data. Both keys can be calculated or identified with the help of one another. Whole process is submission thesis ucl inexpensive; it is the reason why it is more preferred. Encryption and decryption is too fast that there is no time delay. Data authentication is present as one symmetric key is not solution to any other file as its symmetric key. Blindness? Main drawback of data protection process is the loss of the symmetric key to any outsider except the submission thesis ucl parties being involved in the exchange of messages or data through symmetric key.
Different kinds of Personal statement., symmetric cryptography are Block Ciphers Stream Ciphers Message Authentication Codes The symmetric encryption algorithms which commonly used are Blowfish CAST IDEA DSE Decryption Homework Help We are the dedicated players in Computer Network Homework help and has served students across globe from USA,UK,Australia, New Zealand, UAE and Qatar. They took help from submission ucl, our Experts and are frequent visitors for Personal, their queries. ComputerNetworkHomeworkHelp can assist you with all your decryption queries and decryption assignments, home works, decryption projects help or decryption programming help. Our service is 24/7, so we are here all day and night to ensure your success. ComputerNetworkHomeworkHelp service is based on providing quality services for decryption assignments. You needs to upload or send us email at info@ComputerNetworkHomeworkHelp.com if interested to score good in Decryption and. In cryptography, encryption is the process of encoding messages (or information) in submission thesis, such a way that third parties cannot read it, the the road only authorized parties can. Submission Thesis? The Encryption doesn’t prevent hacking but it prevents the hacker from reading the data that is encrypted. The message or information (referred to as plaintext) is encrypted using an encryption algorithm in an encryption scheme,turning it into an unreadable ciphertext (ibid.). Existentialism? It is usually done with the use of an encryption key that specifies how the message is to ucl be encoded. The any adversary who can see ciphertext should not be able to Personal statement. determine anything about the original message.
The authorized party is able to submission ucl decode the ciphertext using a decryption algorithm, that usually requires a secret decryption key that adversaries do not have access to. Mla Writing? An encryption scheme usually needs a key-generation algorithm to randomly produce keys for technical reasons. Kinds of submission thesis ucl, encryption Symmetric key encryption In Symmetric-key schemes, the encryption and decryption keys are the same. The communicating parties must agree on essay the road not taken a secret key before they wish to communicate. Submission Ucl? Public key encryption In public-key encryption schemes, encryption key is published for anyone to use and encrypt messages. It is only the receiving party has access to the decryption key and is capable of reading the encrypted messages. The Public-key encryption is a relatively recent invention: historically, the all encryption schemes have been symmetric-key (also called private-key) schemes. One of the earliest public key encryption applications was called Pretty Good Privacy (PGP). Personal? This was written in 1991 by Phil Zimmermann and was purchased by Symantec in submission ucl, 2010. Encryption Homework Help Why we are best? 24/7 Availability No plagiarism Projects, assignments and homework solutions in deadline Reference style, Harvard, APA, AMA, MLA, IEEE computernetworkhomeworkhelp.com site, number one online tutoring service for Encryption programming, provides Encryption homework help, Encryption assignment help; Encryption quiz help, and Encryption project help.
Our team has highly qualified tutors to help you with the most challenging assignments. With clear and accurate solutions, computernetworkhomeworkhelp.com Site stands out as the mla writing number one Encryption assignment help and homework help services. Submission Thesis Ucl? Our Encryption assignment help tutors will provide you with detail explanation on how to complete the assignment on your own for learning purposes and for mla writing, exam. In cryptography, a key is a piece of information (a parameter) that determines the functional output of a cryptographic algorithm or cipher. The algorithm would produce no useful result without a key. In encryption, key specifies the particular transformation of plaintext into ciphertext, during decryption. The Keys are also used in other cryptographic algorithms, like as digital signature schemes and message authentication codes.
Need for secrecy In designing security systems, it is submission ucl wise to assume that the details of the cryptographic algorithm are already available to attacker. It is known as Kerckhoffs’ principle “only secrecy of the key provides the security“, which reformulated as Shannon’s maxim, “enemy knows the system“. The history of cryptography provides evidence that it can be difficult to keep the details of a widely used algorithm secret (see security through obscurity). The key is often easier to protect (it’s typically a small piece of information) than an encryption algorithm, easier to change if compromised. The security of encryption system in most cases relies on mla writing some key being kept secret. Trying to keep keys secret is one of the most difficult problems in practical cryptography; see key management. Thesis Ucl? Attacker who obtains key (by, as example, theft, the extortion, the saramago dumpster diving and social engineering) can recover original message from the encrypted data, issue signatures. Key Homework Help When you need the best key online assistance, computernetworkhomeworkhelp.com is here for you. We provide you 24/7 support teams dedicated to your success with high quality work free of plagiarism and referencing styles APA, Harvard, IEEE, computernetworkhomeworkhelp.com experts having experience and degrees in their fields key programming work and degrees, and even easy safe methods for reaching our experts when you need them. computernetworkhomeworkhelp.com key homework assignments do not have to thesis be the worst experience of your school career, computernetworkhomeworkhelp.com is here to provide you with the highest quality key assistance every time. Network security consists of the provisions and policies adopted by a network administrator to prevent and monitor unauthorized access, the misuse, the modification, denial of a computer network and network-accessible resources.
The Network security involves authorization of access to data in a network that is controlled by the network administrator. Mla Writing? Users choose and are assigned ID and password or other authenticating information that allows them access to information and programs within their authority. The Network security covers variety of submission ucl, computer networks, public as well as private, which are used in essay history language, everyday jobs conducting transactions and communications among businesses, the government agencies as well as individuals. Submission Thesis? The Networks can be private, like as within a company, the others which might be open to existentialism metamorphosis public access. The Network security is involved in submission thesis ucl, organizations, the enterprises, other types of institutions. The Network security do as its title explains: It secures the network, also protecting and overseeing operations being done.
Most simple and common way of protecting network resource is by assigning it a unique name and a corresponding password. Network security concepts Network security starts with authenticating, commonly with a username and a password. Essays Existentialism? Network security requires just one detail authenticating the user name that is the password it is sometimes termed one-factor authentication. Along two-factor authentication, which something the user ‘has’ is also used (for example a security token or ‘dongle’, the ucl ATM card, a mobile phone); and with three-factor authentication, something the user ‘is’ is also used (for example a fingerprint or retinal scan). Existentialism? Once authenticated, a firewall enforces access policies such as what services are allowed to be accessed by the network users. It is effective to prevent unauthorized access; component may fail to check potentially harmful content such as computer worms or Trojans being transmitted over network. The intrusion prevention system (IPS) and thesis, Anti-virus software help detect and inhibit the action of these malware. Anomaly-based intrusion detection system may also monitor the network and traffic for network may be logged for audit purposes and for later high-level analysis. Communication between the essays metamorphosis two hosts using a network may be encrypted to ucl maintain privacy. Honeypots, essentially decoy network-accessible resources, which may be deployed in a network as surveillance and early-warning tools, the honey pots are not normally accessed for legitimate purposes.
The techniques used by the attackers that attempt to compromise these decoy resources are studied during and after an essay, attack to keep an eye on new exploitation techniques. These analyses may be used to further tighten security of the actual network being protected by thesis, the honeypot. computernetworkhomeworkhelp.com site, number one online tutoring service for Network Security programming, provides Network Security homework help, Network Security assignment help; Network Security quiz help, and Network Security project help. Our team has highly qualified tutors to help you with the most challenging assignments. With the extraordinary and phenomenal growth of the internet the problem of cyber-attacks has also increased manifold. We gladly provide help with attacks assignment. We are happy to provide attacks homework help. Some of the history language examples of the attacks are as follows:- Network Interface card hijacking A malicious intruder can reprogram the Network Interface card by the hardware address of another host and can continuously receive data packets addressed to the original host. In order to avoid being caught the thesis ucl intruder can put a copy of data packet back into the network.
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A packet sniffer is a hardware or software that intercepts the data flowing through the LAN cable. In inductance method the ordinary wire emits radiations when there is a passage of electrical signals through it. A malicious intruder can read these signals and can read the data passing through the cable. Wiretapping is another hot area wherein we provide help with attacks homework. We are highly rated amongst our peers for existentialism, online help with attacks project. TCP session hijacking. A TCP session hijacking means intruding an already established TCP session and injecting packets into submission, the stream as if the packets were coming from original owner of the session. We have specialized expertise in providing attacks project help involving TCP session hijacking.
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Smurf attack An intruder can launch a smurf attack by sending a spoofed echo request massage on a network broadcast IP address. We have special expertise in thesis, providing attacks assignment help over smurf attacks. Traffic redirection A hacked router can send router update message to all neighboring routers that it lies in. Transport layer is responsible for process to process delivery of the entire message. A process is an application running on a host. Where the network layer oversees source to destination delivery of the individual packets, this layer does not recognize any relationship between those packets. Problem Solve? Network layer treats each one independently, though each piece belonged to thesis ucl a separate message, whether or not network layer does.
The transport layer on the other hand ensures that the whole message arrives intact and in order to overseeing error control as well as flow control at the source to destination level. Responsibilities of Network Layer: Transport layer is responsible for the delivery of the road, a message from one process to another. Other responsibilities are as follows Service Point Addressing: Computers often run several programs at submission thesis ucl, the same time. For this purpose source to math destination delivery means the delivery not only from one computer to the next but also from thesis ucl, a specific process on one computer to a specific process on mla writing the other. Submission? The header of problem solve, transport layer must therefore include the type of address called a service-point address. The network layer gets each packet to the correct computer; the transport layer gets the entire message to the correct process on that computer.
Segmentation and submission thesis ucl, Reassembly: A message is divided into mla writing, transmittable segments; every segment contains a different sequence number. Such numbers enable the transport layer to reassemble the message correctly upon arriving at the destination and to identify and replace packets that were lost in submission thesis, transmission. Connection Control: The transport layer can be either connectionless or connection oriented. Connectionless transport layer treats each segment as an independent packet and delivers it to the transport layer at the destination machine. Connection oriented transport layer makes a connection with the transport layer at essay, the destination machine at first before delivering the packets. When all the data are transferred, then connection is terminated. Submission Thesis? Flow Control: Like the data link layer the jose essay transport layer is ucl responsible for math solve, the flow control. At this layer flow control is performed end to thesis ucl end rather than across a single link. Error control: Like the data link layer the transport layer is responsible for error control. At network layer error control is performed process to process rather than across a single link. Sending side of transport layer makes sure that the entire message arrives at mla writing, the receiving transport layer without error (loss, duplication, damage).
Error correction is usually achieved through re-transmission. Ucl? Transport Layer Homework Help At computernetworkhomeworkhelp.com we solve the issues relating to Personal your Transport Layer Assignment and homework from various standards like schools, college, PhD as well as other research levels. Just in submission thesis ucl, case you need to assist any kind of essay, help relating to your Transport Layer assignment and homework then knock us at computernetworkhomeworkhelp.com. Ideas provide the thesis ucl perfect solution of the. Physical Layer Homework Help: The physical layer co ordinates the functions required to carry a bit stream over essay a physical medium. This Layer works for mechanical and electrical specifications of the interface and transmission medium. Physical Layer also defines the procedures and functions that physical devices and interfaces have to submission ucl perform for transmission to occur. Figure shows the position of physical layer with respect to the transmission medium and the data link layer. The physical layer also concerned with the followings. Physical Properties of interfaces and medium: The physical layer defines the characteristics of the interface between the devices and the transmission medium.
Physical layer also defines the type of transmission medium. Representation of bits: The physical layer data consist of a stream of bits with no interpretation. For transmission, bits must be encoded in to signals electrical or optical. This layer defines the type of encoding. Data Rate: The transmission rate is the number of saramago blindness essay, bits sent each second is also defined by the physical layer. Physical layer defines the duration of bit, which is submission how long it lasts. Synchronization of bits: The sender and receiver not only must use the same bit rate but also must be synchronized at the bit level. We can also say that the history of english sender and receiver clocks must be synchronized. Line Configuration: The physical layer is concerned with the connections of devices to media. In a point to point configuration, two devices are concerned through a dedicated link.
Link is shared among several devices in a multipoint configuration. Physical Topology: The physical topology defines how devices are connected to make a network. The devices can be connected by using a mesh topology (every device is connected to other device), a star topology (devices are connected through a central device), a ring topology (each device is connected to next, forming a ring), a bus topology (every device is on a common link), or a hybrid topology (this is submission thesis ucl combination of two or more topologies). Transmission Mode: The physical layer also defines the direction of transmission between two devices. It can be simplex, half-duplex and math problem solve, full-duplex. Simplex mode Only one device can send the other can only receive. Simplex mode is a one way communication. Half duplex mode Two devices can send and submission thesis ucl, receive but not at the same time. Full duplex mode Two devices can send and receive at same time. Mla Writing? People and students looking for Physical Layer Homework help can take a deep breath now.
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This makes us an indispensable service providers of help with bridges homework. Bridges may be used either in standalone hardware devices or in submission ucl, the software running in the client or the server. When bridges came into existence they simply used to join two homogenous networks. But these days the bridges are used to connect two networks with different physical and data link level protocols. For e.g. an Ethernet network can be used to connect with a token ring network. Essay Not Taken? Our experts having the indomitable spirits to help offer bridges project help. The bridges learn the media access control address of all the clients, servers and equipment and associate each address to a bridge port.
When a bridge receives a frame it decodes and reads its destination media access control address. If the port that is supposed to receive the frame is the same port as the port connected to the sender the ucl bridge will drop the essay the road not taken frame. If the submission ucl bridge cannot find which port is associated with the final destination address it sends the frame to all the ports. We are pleased to showcase help with bridges assignment. Our experts that are adorned with insurmountable spirit to help our clients provide bridges homework help and they are beyond doubt the essay history of english best out ucl, of the pack.
Our experts who are chosen few are from the best universities of the world brought together under one platform by ComputerNetworkHomeworkHelp. Our experts before they start offering solution to assignments under help with bridges project are trained for several months at ComputerNetworkHomeworkHelp. Traditionally the bridges connect one network to math problem another. But in the recent past the manufacturers have introduced multiport bridges. This kind of bridges offers the flexibility to the network administrators to connect to more than two workgroups simultaneously. Our experts are available 24*7 that is round the thesis clock to offer help with bridges homework. They are just a click of the mouse away from you. We offer and allow the one to one interaction with our experts even before you have made payments to us. We gladly offer. The data link layer transforms the physical layer, raw transmission facility, to a reliable link.
Data link layer enables physical layer appear error free to upper layer (network layer). A data link layer is responsible for moving frames from one hop to the next. Responsibilities of data link layer: Framing: The data link layer divides stream of bits received from the existentialism metamorphosis network layer into manageable data units called frames. Submission Ucl? Physical addressing: If frames are to blindness essay be distributed to different systems on the network, this layer adds a header to the frame to define the thesis sender or receiver of the frame. Frame is essays intended for a system outside the sender’s network, receiver address is the address of the submission ucl device that connects the network to essay not taken the next one. Flow control: If the rate at which data is taken by submission thesis, the receiver is less than the rate at which data are produced in the sender, and then the data link layer imposes a flow control mechanism to avoid overwhelming the Personal receiver.
Error Control: The data link layer adds reliability to the physical layer by adding mechanisms to detect and retransmit damaged or lost frames. Data link layer use a mechanism to recognize duplicate frames. The error control is normally achieved through a trailer added to the end of frame. Access Control: When two or more devices are connected to same link, data link layer protocols are necessary to determine which device has control over the link at any given time. Hop to Hop delivery: Data Link Layer Homework Help Tutors, at the ComputerNetworkHomeworkHelp, take pledge to provide full satisfaction and assurance in Data link Layer homework help via online tutoring. The students are getting 100% satisfaction by online tutors across the globe. You can get homework help for Data link Layer, project ideas and tutorials on this platform. We provide email based Data link Layer homework. Thesis Ucl? You can join us to ask queries 24?7 with live, qualified and experienced online tutors specialized in Data link Layer. By the way of Online Tutoring, student would be able to complete your homework or assignments at your home. The tutors at the ComputerNetworkHomeworkHelp are committed to provide the best quality online tutoring assistance for Data link Layer homework help and Data link Layer project help,Data link Layer programming help, Data link Layer report write-up services with no plagiarism.
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Gateways operate at the network layer of the OSI model. To communicate with a host on another network, IP host must be configured with a route to the destination network. Submission Thesis Ucl? If a configuration route is not found, the host uses the existentialism metamorphosis gateway (default IP router) to submission ucl transmit the traffic to the destination host. The default t gateway is where the IP sends packets that are destined for remote networks. In case if no default gateway is specified, then communication is limited to the local network.
Gateways receive data from a network using one type of protocol stack, remove that protocol stack and repackage it with the protocol stack that the math other network can use. Examples E-mail gateways-for example, a gateway that receives Simple Mail Transfer Protocol (SMTP) e-mail, it translates it into submission thesis ucl, a standard X.400 format, and forwards it to its destination Gateway Service for NetWare (GSNW), which enables a machine running Microsoft Windows NT Server or Windows Server to essay be a gateway for Windows clients so that they can access file and print resources on a NetWare server Gateways between a Systems Network Architecture (SNA) host and ucl, computers on a TCP/IP network, such as the one provided by mla writing, Microsoft SNA Server A packet assembler/disassembler (PAD) that provides connectivity between a local area network (LAN), X.25 packet-switching network When you need the best Gateways online assistance, computernetworkhomeworkhelp.com is here for you. We provide you 24/7 support teams dedicated to your success with high quality work free of plagiarism and referencing styles APA, Harvard, IEEE, computernetworkhomeworkhelp.com experts having experience and degrees in submission thesis, their fields Gateways programming work and degrees, and even easy safe methods for reaching our experts when you need them. computernetworkhomeworkhelp.com Gateways homework assignments do not have to be the worst experience of your school career, computernetworkhomeworkhelp.com is here to metamorphosis provide you with the thesis highest quality Gateways assistance every time. ISDN uses circuit-switching to establish a physical permanent point-to-point connection from the source to essays existentialism metamorphosis the destination. The ISDN has standards defined by the ITU that encompass the submission ucl OSI bottom three layers of which are Physical, the Data Link and Network, see Table 1 below.
At the physical layer the ITU has defined the user network interface standard I.430 for Basic Rate Access, I.431 for the Primary Rate Access. The ANSI has defined the blindness essay user network interface standard as T1.601. The physical layer uses the ucl normal telephone cabling as its physical cabling structure. The ISDN B channels will typically utilize a Point-to-Point protocol such as HDLC (High-Level Data Link Control) or PPP frames at saramago blindness, Layer 2 however you can sometimes see other encapsulation such as Frame relay. At layer 3 you typically see IP packets as you would expect.
The ISDN operates in Full-Duplex which means that traffic can be received and transmitted at the same time. The ISDN D channel will utilize different signaling protocols at Layer 3 and Layer 2 of the OSI Model. Submission Thesis Ucl? LAP-D (Link Access Procedure – D Channel) is the Q.921 signaling used and jose saramago blindness essay, DSS1 (Digital Subscriber Signaling System No.1) is the Q.931 signaling that is used at Layer 3 typically at Layer 2. Thesis Ucl? It is easy to remember which one is used at which layer by simply remembering that the middle number corresponds to the layer it operates at. Table 1 OSI Layer B Channel D Channel 3 IP DSS1 (Q.931) 2 HDLC/PPP LAP-D (Q.921) 1 I.430/I.431 or ANSI T1.601 The Different ISDN Components As part of the saramago ISDN Standards, there are several types devices that are used to connect to the ISDN network which are known as Terminal Equipments (TE) and also Network Termination (NT) equipment. Submission Thesis? We also have Reference Points which are used to define the connections between the statement. various equipment that is used within the submission thesis ISDN network. ISDN Layers Homework Help computernetworkhomeworkhelp.com services provide you with a dexterous team of ISDN Layers writers and assignment helpers and with the Personal statement. unique features it provides will consequently upgrade your results and we assure you of that. Submission Ucl? Our website provide unique features like Original and essays metamorphosis, quality content Customized and appropriate format 100% confidentiality ensured Highly affordable prices Always on-time deliveries logical and Factual reasoning involved within the content 24X7 availability No Plagiarism Our quality and customized format is based on thesis one of the problem solve best academic referencing styles including 1) Harvard referencing style 2) APA referencing style 3) Chicago referencing style 4) MLA referencing style And they are built over one of the thesis best journals, articles and research papers. Integrated Services for Digital Network (ISDN) is problem solve a set of submission, communication standards for simultaneous digital transmission of voice, the data of video and other network services over the traditional circuits of the public switched telephone network. ISDN was first defined in 1988 in the CCITT red book.
To prior to problem ISDN, telephone system be viewed as a way to transport voice, including some special services available for data. Key feature of ISDN is that it integrates speech and data on the same lines, the adding features which were not available in the classic telephone system. Several kinds of thesis ucl, access interfaces to ISDN defined as Basic Rate Interface (BRI), the Primary Rate Interface (PRI), the Narrowband ISDN (N-ISDN), also Broadband ISDN (B-ISDN). ISDN is a circuit-switched telephone network system, also provides access to packet switched networks, it designed to allow digital transmission of voice and mla writing, data over ordinary telephone copper wires, which resulting in potentially better voice quality than an analog phone can provide. ISDN offers circuit-switched connections (for either voice or data), packet-switched connections (for data), in increments of 64 kilobit/s.
Major market application for thesis ucl, ISDN in some countries is Internet access, ISDN typically provides a maximum of 128 kbit/s in both upstream and downstream directions. The channel bonding can achieve a greater data rate; typically the ISDN B-channels of three or four BRIs (six to eight 64 kbit/s channels) are bonded. ISDN should not be mistaken for its use with a specific protocol, like as Q.931 whereby ISDN is employed as the network, the data-link and physical layers in the context of the OSI model. ISDN can be considered a suite of digital services existing on layers 1, 2, and 3 of the mla writing OSI model in a broad sense. The ISDN is designed to provide access to thesis voice and data services simultaneously. However, common use reduced ISDN to be limited to Q.931 and Personal statement., related protocols, that are a set of protocols for submission thesis, establishing and breaking circuit switched connections, for advanced calling features for metamorphosis, the user. Which were introduced in 1986. In a videoconference, the ISDN provides simultaneous voice, video, and text transmission between individual desktop videoconferencing systems and group (room) videoconferencing systems.
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The LAPB sessions can be established by either the thesis DTE or DCE. Station initiating call is essay the road determined to be the primary; the responding station is the secondary. Protocol structure Frame types I-Frames (Information frames): Carries upper-layer information and submission thesis ucl, some control information. The I-frame functions include sequencing, the flow control, error detection and recovery. The I-frames carry send and receive sequence numbers. S-Frames (Supervisory Frames): Carries control information. The S-frame functions include requesting and suspending transmissions, the reporting on status, acknowledging the receipt of I-frames.
The S-frames carry only receive sequence numbers. U-Frames (Unnumbered Frames): carries control information. Personal? The U-frame functions include link setup and submission, disconnection, also error reporting. Statement.? The U-frames carry no sequence numbers Frame format Flag – The value of the submission thesis flag is math problem solve always 0x7E. To ensure that the bit pattern of the frame delimiter flag does not appear in the data field of the frame (and therefore cause frame misalignment), technique which known as Bit stuffing is used by submission thesis ucl, both the transmitter and essay of english, the receiver. Address field – In LAPB, this field has no meaning since the protocol works in a point to point mode and thesis ucl, the DTE network address is represented in metamorphosis, the layer 3 packets. Byte is therefore put to a different use; it separates the link commands from the responses and can have only thesis, two values: 0x01 and 0x03. 01 which identifies frames containing commands from DTE to DCE and responses to these commands from DCE to DTE. Mla Writing? The 03 is used for frames containing commands from DCE to DTE and for responses from DTE to DCE. Thesis? One side must be configured as a Layer 2 DTE and the other as a Layer 2 DCE (you must not confuse this with the statement. more familiar Layer 1 DCE and DTE designations). Control field It serves to identify the type of the ucl frame.
It includes sequence numbers, the control features also error tracking according to the frame type. Modes of operation LAPB works in the Asynchronous Balanced Mode (ABM). Mode is balanced (i.e., no master/slave relationship) and is signified by the SABM (E)/SM frame. The each station may initialize, and problem solve, supervise, also recover. A computer network is a group of computers connected to submission ucl each other electronically. It means that the computers can “talk” to each other and that every computer in not taken, the network can send information to the others. It means that the submission speed of the connection is fast – faster than a normal connection to the Internet. Basic types of computer networks include: A local area network (called a LAN) connects two or more computers, and the road, may be called a corporate network in an office or business setting.
An “internetwork”, sometimes called a Wide Area Network (because of the wide distance between networks) connects two or more smaller networks together. Largest internetwork is ucl called Internet. Computers can be part of several different networks. The Networks can also be parts of bigger networks. Local area network in a small business is usually connected to the corporate network of the larger company.
Connected machine at any level of organization may be able to access the essay history of english language Internet, as example to thesis demonstrate computers in math solve, the store, to display its catalogue through a web server, convert received orders into thesis, shipping instructions. Microsoft Windows, Linux and mla writing, most other operating systems use TCP/IP for networking. Ucl? The Apple Macintosh computers used AppleTalk in past, it uses TCP/IP now. To set up a network an appropriate media is required. It can be wired or wireless. The twisted-pair, the co-axial or fiber-optic are examples of cable and problem solve, infra-red, the blue-tooth, the radio-wave, the submission thesis micro-wave etc. are wireless media used for networking. You are working with a mere LAN, computers, media and peripherals are sufficient. When you are working with a wider range you have use some additional devices like bridge, the gateway or router to problem solve connect different small or large networks.
Obviously a protocol must be maintained. To set up a network you have to select an appropriate topology to arrange the hardware devices using the media. The topologies generally used are bus-topology, the ring-topology, the ucl star-topology, the tree-topology, the Personal statement. object-oriented topology etc. Submission Thesis? Star-topology and tree-topology are most popular nowadays. Tutors, at the computernetworkhomeworkhelp.com, take pledge to provide full satisfaction and assurance in networking homework help via online tutoring.
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The International Standards Organization is a multinational body dedicated to worldwide agreement to submission ucl international standards. ISO standard that covers all aspects of network communication is the Open Systems Interconnection model. Not Taken? It was first introduce in late 1970s. An open system is a set of protocols that allows any two different systems to communicate regardless of thesis, their underlying architecture. Personal? Purpose of the OSI model is to show how to facilitate communication between different systems with out requiring changes to the logic of submission thesis, underlying hardware and software.
The OSI is a model to understand and design a network architecture that is robust, interoperable and flexible. Solve? The OSI model is made of seven ordered layers Physical (layer1) Data link (layer 2) Network (layer 3) Transport (layer 4) Session (layer 5) Presentation (layer 6) Application (layer 7) Organization of layers: The seven layers belong to three subgroups. Layer 1, 2 and 3 are the submission thesis network support layer. They deal with the physical aspects of moving data from essay history language, one device to another (such as physical connections, electrical specifications, physical addressing and submission thesis ucl, transport timing and reliability) Layer 5, 6 and 7 can be thought of user support layers. These layers allow interoperability among unrelated software systems. Layer 4 links the two subgroups and ensures what the lower layers have transmitted is in problem, a form that the upper layers can use. Upper OSI layers almost always implemented in software lower layers are a combination of hardware and software, except for physical layer which is mostly hardware. Thesis? OSI Model Homework Help | OSI Model Assignment Help Our computernetworkhomeworkhelp.com services provide you with a dexterous team of OSI model assignment writers and OSI model homework helpers and with the unique features it provides will consequently upgrade your results and we assure you of that. Our website provide unique features like Original and math solve, quality content Customized and appropriate format 100% confidentiality ensured Highly affordable prices Always on-time deliveries logical and Factual reasoning involved within the content 24X7 availability No Plagiarism Our quality and customized format is based on one of the best academic referencing styles including 1) Harvard referencing style 2) APA referencing style 3) Chicago referencing style 4) MLA referencing style And they are built over one of the best journals, articles and research. In computing, plain text is the contents of an ordinary sequential file readable as textual material without much processing, it usually opposed to formatted text and to “binary files” in which some portions must be interpreted as binary objects (encoded integers, the real numbers, the images). The encoding has traditionally been either ASCII, the ucl one of its many derivatives like as ISO/IEC 646, sometimes EBCDIC.
The Unicode-based encodings like as UTF-8 and UTF-16 are gradually replacing the older ASCII derivatives limited to mla writing 7 or 8 bit codes. Submission Thesis Ucl? Plain text and rich text Files that contain markup or other meta-data are generally considered plain-text, the entirety remains in directly human-readable form (as in HTML, the essays metamorphosis XML, (as Coombs, the Renear, and the DeRose argue, the punctuation is thesis ucl itself markup)). Essay History Language? Use of plain text rather than bit-streams to express markup, it enables files to survive much better “in the wild”, that in part by making them largely immune to computer architecture incompatibilities. According to submission thesis the Unicode Standard, Plain text is pure sequence of the character codes; the plain Unicode-encoded text is essay of english language therefore a sequence of Unicode character codes. Styled text, also known as rich text, it is any text representation containing plain text that is completed by information like as a language identifier, the font size, the color, the hypertext links. Thesis? Rich text like as SGML, the RTF, the HTML, the XML, also TEX relies on plain text. Personal? The Wiki technology is another such example. According to submission The Unicode Standard, the plain text has two main properties in regard to the rich text: Plain text is the saramago blindness essay underlying content stream to which formatting can be applied. Plain text is public, standardized, also universally readable. Notion of Plain Text Homework Help Computernetworkhomeworkhelp.com site, number one online tutoring service for Notion of Plain Text Programming provides Notion of Plain Text homework help, Notion of Plain Text assignment help; Notion of Plain Text quiz help, and Notion of Plain Text project help. Our team has highly qualified tutors to help you with the most challenging assignments.
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Application Layer Assignment Help. We provide application layer assignment help services to students across the world. Math? Application layer is the submission thesis layer in internet protocol stack that supports network applications in web pages for example: HTTP, FTP and DNS. Application layer is on top of the jose saramago blindness essay Internet protocol stack. What sets us apart is the quality help with application layer assignment. The other parts of the internet protocol stack are Transport layer, Network layer, link layer and physical layer. Application layer is one of. If you are on the Internet then you more than likely have used encryption whether you knew it or not.
By logging into the Gmail™ webmail service or your bank more than likely involves setting up an encrypted path between your web browser and the web server that is hosting the site. If it done correctly all the information that is passed over Internet is secure against eavesdroppers that may be watching the information pass across the network. The. Cipher Text Assignment Help. We provide online help with cipher text assignment. Cipher text refers to the encryption of plain text that is used for submission, data transfer over the networks. Encryption is the means that protects our invaluable information. Encryption helps in essay not taken, protecting the data in transit over submission ucl the network or on the world wide web from unwanted intruders accessing and changing it. Encryption functions by making use of a mathematical formula known as cipher and saramago essay, a key to submission thesis convert the readable data. Cryptanalysis Assignment Help.
The study of cryptographic systems with a purpose to understand how they work is known as the essay not taken cryptanalysis. If any error exists in cryptography then this gives the leeway for the cipher text to submission ucl be deciphered with or without the key. Cryptography is the art or science of arriving at the cipher text or cryptosystem that provides adequate information security. Personal Statement.? Cryptography is submission thesis ucl concerned with the actual securing of the digital data. We gladly provide cryptanalysis assignment help. Essay History? What differentiates.
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It could be used to describe a method of un-encrypting the data manually or with un-encrypting the Personal statement. data using the proper codes or keys. Submission Ucl? Types of decryption: There are two types of decryption Symmetric decryption Asymmetric decryption Asymmetric decryption: Asymmetric cryptography or public-key cryptography is cryptography in which a. In cryptography, encryption is the jose saramago process of encoding messages (or information) in such a way that third parties cannot read it, the only authorized parties can. The Encryption doesn’t prevent hacking but it prevents the hacker from reading the data that is encrypted. The message or information (referred to as plaintext) is encrypted using an encryption algorithm in submission thesis, an encryption scheme,turning it into an unreadable ciphertext (ibid.). Mla Writing? It is submission ucl usually done with the use of an encryption key that. In cryptography, a key is a piece of information (a parameter) that determines the math solve functional output of a cryptographic algorithm or cipher. Submission Thesis? The algorithm would produce no useful result without a key.
In encryption, key specifies the particular transformation of mla writing, plaintext into ciphertext, during decryption. The Keys are also used in other cryptographic algorithms, like as digital signature schemes and message authentication codes. Need for secrecy In designing security systems, it is wise to assume that the thesis details of. Network security consists of the provisions and policies adopted by a network administrator to prevent and monitor unauthorized access, the misuse, the modification, denial of a computer network and network-accessible resources. Existentialism Metamorphosis? The Network security involves authorization of access to data in a network that is thesis controlled by Personal, the network administrator.
Users choose and are assigned ID and password or other authenticating information that allows them access to information and programs within their authority. The Network security covers variety of. Attacks Assignment Help. With the extraordinary and phenomenal growth of the internet the problem of submission thesis ucl, cyber-attacks has also increased manifold. We gladly provide help with attacks assignment. Essay Language? We are happy to submission thesis provide attacks homework help. Some of the examples of the attacks are as follows:- Network Interface card hijacking A malicious intruder can reprogram the Network Interface card by the hardware address of another host and can continuously receive data packets addressed to the original host. In order to avoid being caught. Transport layer is responsible for process to problem solve process delivery of the entire message. A process is an application running on a host.
Where the network layer oversees source to destination delivery of the individual packets, this layer does not recognize any relationship between those packets. Network layer treats each one independently, though each piece belonged to a separate message, whether or not network layer does. The transport layer on ucl the other hand ensures that the whole message arrives intact. Physical Layer Homework Help: The physical layer co ordinates the functions required to carry a bit stream over a physical medium. This Layer works for mechanical and essay, electrical specifications of the submission interface and transmission medium. Physical Layer also defines the procedures and functions that physical devices and interfaces have to perform for transmission to occur. Figure shows the position of physical layer with respect to the transmission medium and Personal, the data link layer. The physical layer also concerned.
Bridges Assignment Help. The bridges are the devices that are used to submission ucl connect two local area networks or to interconnect two or more segments of the the road not taken same network. Various networks are connected to one another so that they can communicate and share information with one another. In addition to the network connectivity function performed by the bridges , they have one more important function to perform that is they filter information over the network so that the data meant for one part. Data Link Layer Assignment Help. The data link layer transforms the physical layer, raw transmission facility, to a reliable link. Submission Thesis Ucl? Data link layer enables physical layer appear error free to essay upper layer (network layer).
A data link layer is responsible for moving frames from submission, one hop to the next. Responsibilities of data link layer: Framing: The data link layer divides stream of bits received from the network layer into manageable data units called frames. Physical addressing: If frames are to be distributed to different. Gateways Homework Help A gateway is mla writing a device used to connect networks using different protocols. Gateways operate at the network layer of the OSI model. To communicate with a host on another network, IP host must be configured with a route to the destination network. If a configuration route is not found, the host uses the gateway (default IP router) to transmit the traffic to the destination host. Thesis Ucl? The default t gateway is where the essay IP sends packets that. ISDN uses circuit-switching to establish a physical permanent point-to-point connection from the source to submission the destination. The ISDN has standards defined by the ITU that encompass the essay OSI bottom three layers of which are Physical, the Data Link and submission ucl, Network, see Table 1 below. At the of english physical layer the ITU has defined the user network interface standard I.430 for Basic Rate Access, I.431 for thesis, the Primary Rate Access.
The ANSI has defined the essay of english user network interface standard as T1.601. Integrated Services for Digital Network (ISDN) is a set of communication standards for simultaneous digital transmission of voice, the data of video and other network services over the traditional circuits of the public switched telephone network. Ucl? ISDN was first defined in 1988 in the CCITT red book. To prior to ISDN, telephone system be viewed as a way to mla writing transport voice, including some special services available for data. Thesis Ucl? Key feature of ISDN is that it integrates speech and data. Link Access Procedure. Link Access Procedure, Balanced (LAPB) implements the problem solve data link layer as defined in the X.25 protocol suite. The LAPB is a bit-oriented protocol derived from HDLC that ensures that frames are error free and in the right sequence. Thesis? The LAPB is specified in ITU-T Recommendation X.25 also ISO/IEC 7776. Mla Writing? LAPB can be used as a Data Link Layer protocol implementing the connection-mode data link service in thesis, the OSI Reference Model as defined by ITU-T Recommendation X.222.
The LAPB is. A computer network is essays metamorphosis a group of computers connected to each other electronically. It means that the computers can “talk” to submission thesis ucl each other and that every computer in the network can send information to the others. It means that the essay speed of the submission thesis connection is fast – faster than a normal connection to the Internet. Basic types of computer networks include: A local area network (called a LAN) connects two or more computers, and math problem solve, may be called a corporate. The International Standards Organization is a multinational body dedicated to ucl worldwide agreement to international standards.
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Now imagine we have bought a NAT-enabled router and decided to incorporate it into our home network (bottom part of the diagram). The router now has an IP address of 188.8.131.52 and the local machines are allowed to make use of thesis, 10.0.0.0/24 address block. a) Assign and list IP addresses of all hosts within the NAT. IP addresses of the the road hosts. Subnet Masks: 255.255.255.0. b) Provided that the hosts are trying to submission ucl access the web pages as before (shown in the original setup), fill in the NAT Translation Table accordingly. NAT Translation Table. c) Suppose one of the hosts, say Manny, decides to use a P2Papplication and discovers that another peer, let’s call him Bernard, has the mla writing file that he wants. Now suppose that both Manny and Bernarnd are behind a NAT. Discuss whether it is possible (and if so how) to develop a technique that would allow Manny and Bernard to establish a connection without application-specific NAT configuration.
P2P network is different from client server network. As NAT is not standardized, no single peer to peer protocols are congruent with the ucl NAT traversal techniques used to make p2p possible in NAT environment. It is possible to make P2P connection between Manny and Bernard through UDP or TCP hole punching technique with NAT. A connection can be statically configured in the NAT table of the math router. Therefore, every time Bernard sends data to Manny, the connection will always use same port number for incoming and outgoing. Question:- [3 + 4 + 6 + 7 = 20 points] A small company is assigned two blocks of IPv4 address blocks. Single router A is used to reach the rest of the internet. The following diagram shows the ucl forwarding tables on each of the company’s routers.
a) What are the values for the missing (??) Subnet Mask fields? b) How many hosts can be allocated within 184.108.40.206/23,220.127.116.11/24, 18.104.22.168/17 and 22.214.171.124/19?( Note : Host address with all 0s is reserved as network address and host address with all 1s is reserved as broadcast address. These two addresses cannot be assigned to any host) c) What are the smallest and metamorphosis, largest IP addresses available for each of the following: 126.96.36.199/23, 188.8.131.52/24, 184.108.40.206/17 and 220.127.116.11/19? d) State the routing path for each of the packets with the following destination IP addresses: 18.104.22.168, 22.214.171.124, 126.96.36.199, 188.8.131.52,184.108.40.206. If we consider that the packets are coming from the internet, the routing path will look like this: Question: – Consider the following graph showing a custom TCP congestion control implementation (drawn not to thesis scale), where the y-axis describes the TCP window size (cwnd) of the sender. Mla Writing? This implementation makes use of the submission thesis principle congestion control mechanisms. (slow start, congestion avoidance and fast recovery). Fast recovery mechanism was employed at points C and H, whereas at point E a timeout occurs and the window size drops back to 1MSS. Oddly enough, our graph is an excerpt from an problem solve, existing transmission and at time n (point A) we are just starting on fast recovery and instead of thesis, linear MSS increase, opted for exponential growth. Assume that the network has an MSS of 1,000 bytes. a) Point G occurs 3 seconds after point F and in between the essay of english language sender has written 63,000 bytes to thesis the network.
What is the round-trip-time (RTT) in milliseconds? Ans. RTT=1.52 miliseconds. b) If we know that threshold 2 = 2 x threshold 1 , what is the windows size at point A? Ans. Essay? Point A ‘s windows size=8. c) What is the window size at submission thesis ucl, point C, given that we completed 5 round trips from essay history, point A?
Ans . Point C’s window size=20. d) Calculate the time (in milliseconds) taken for the window size at point D to reach point E. Ans. 491 RTT miliseconds. e) Given that it took 1200 milliseconds to increase window size from G to H, find what is the window size at point I? Question : – (a) Consider the ucl network presented below. Math Solve? With the indicated link costs between nodes, use Dijkstra’s shortest-path algorithm to submission thesis ucl compute the shortest path from node a to all nodes within the network. Show how the algorithm works by mla writing, computing an appropriate table. N.B : Please be sure to highlight and write down the ucl shortest paths from node a to each of the network nodes. Solution .Let, C(x,y) indicates link cost from x to y:c(x,y)=inifinity if no direct link between x and metamorphosis, y. D(v) indicates current value of cost of link from source a to destination v. P(v) indicates predecessor node along path from submission thesis ucl, source a to v N is the set of the road not taken, nodes whose least cost path is known.
According to Dijkstra’s shortest path algorithm the thesis following table is constructed. Shortest Path From node a are: Path(a,c)=a to d to c. Path(a,e)=a to d to c to f to e. Path(a,f)=a to d toc to f. Path(a,g)=a to d to c to f to g. b) Consider the network shown below, and assume that each node initially knows the the road not taken costs to each of its neighbors. Consider the distance vector algorithm and show the construction of the distance table for submission thesis ucl, all nodes.
You only need to show the first three steps, that is, show the Personal initial distance table built only from distance to submission thesis ucl immediate neighbors, and two subsequent tables after receiving distance vectors from neighbors. Do not forget to circle distance vectors that would be broadcast to neighbors in Personal statement., every table. Rows with the bold text indicate that update broadcast will be sent.
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new paralegal resume Take advantage of. our free job bank. The Listserv is submission thesis ucl, a free, e-mail discussion group. Math Problem. It provides legal professionals with the chance to network and ask profession-related questions. This long-running column examines ethics in the paralegal profession. Do you have an ethical dilemma or question? E-mail us today. Writing Paralegal Resumes. Tips for experienced and submission, new paralegals. By Linda T. Chin.
Many paralegal students who have just graduated from college or who have completed a paralegal studies program most likely are searching for their first paralegal jobs. Experienced paralegals also might be looking to change jobs. Essay. This article will assist both new and experienced paralegals in submission thesis drafting resumes and cover letters that will be concise but comprehensive, appealing but not overwhelming to the road prospective employers. Sample paralegal resumes and submission thesis, cover letters also are included. Resumes for New Paralegals. Let’s begin with some general pointers. Your name, home address, phone number and e-mail address should be on top of the resume. Use more common computer fonts, such as 12-point Times New Roman. Your name can be bold and a larger font than the rest of the content in the resume.
Try to Personal keep the resume to ucl one page, if possible. Prospective employers receive numerous resumes so they might not read resumes beyond the first page. Many resumes usually contain four to five sections. Some resumes might include sections such as Honors and Awards or Achievements. For the purpose of this article, I have concentrated on these sections: Career Objective, Education, Experience, Skills and Other Relevant Experience, if applicable. Career objective. This is important for essay history of english several reasons. Thesis. It’s the first paragraph after you provide your personal information and it immediately lets the language prospective employers know what your career goal is, and encourages them to continue reading the resume.
You should express your career objective by writing a 1-sentence description of the job you are seeking. If you are unsure of the thesis ucl area of essays, legal practice in which you want to specialize, focus your objective to a general practice of submission thesis ucl, law. Some examples of career objectives are: “To secure an entry-level position as a paralegal in a real estate law firm,” or “To secure a position in a law firm that can use a legal professional with outstanding research and math problem, writing skills.” Education. This section is an important part of the submission ucl resume for those new paralegals who have just completed their education. Essay The Road. If you are a new paralegal with limited or no work experience, this is the thesis ucl section on which you should focus. Indicate your degree or the saramago essay paralegal certificate you completed, your major, the college from which you graduated, and the date of your graduation. Thesis Ucl. List the mla writing courses that are relevant to the jobs for which you are applying. In general, law firms seek prospective employees who have skills in areas of submission thesis ucl, legal research and essays existentialism metamorphosis, writing, litigation and submission ucl, law office management.
You also should expand on your leadership and academic activities in this section. Personal. List your membership in all student and academic organizations. Emphasize your leadership positions and highlight your respective duties and submission thesis ucl, achievements while serving in those leadership roles. Mla Writing. If you were a member of the organization but didn’t hold a leadership position, specify your contributions to the organizations. Thesis Ucl. For example, you might have arranged for a speaker, publicized an event or coordinated a social event for the organization. Did you write for a college newspaper, or contribute or edit an article for a newsletter or the college yearbook?
If so, these activities should be included in your resume since they show initiative and leadership qualities — characteristics that all employers seek in statement. a prospective employee. Finally, if you have received academic achievements such as being on the dean’s list or graduating with various honors, emphasize these awards and honors in your resume. Experience. This section is the meat of submission, a resume. Jose Blindness. While your work history as a new paralegal is minimal, there are other areas besides employment that can be classified as experience. Serving in an internship program is an excellent way to highlight your duties and responsibilities as well as the thesis ucl skills you obtained.
Under this section, list the essay of english duties you performed, as well as the skills that were enhanced during this internship. Submission. If you have participated in essay history language more than one internship, list the thesis most recent internship first with the relevant dates. Another type of experience is the Academic Service Learning component that many colleges have incorporated into their academic curriculum. St. John’s University in New York, for example, defines Academic Service Learning as a teaching method in statement. which students learn and thesis, develop through organized service that reinforces course content. This organized service takes place in nonprofit organizations such as bar associations, senior citizen centers, Legal Aid offices or other organizations that provide legal services at jose reduced fees or at submission ucl no cost to the clients. Saramago. If you have participated in an Academic Service Learning program, you should indicate the organization in which you served, and your duties while serving in that capacity. For example, if you helped draft health planning documents in an Elder Law Clinic as part of the Elder Law course you took, you should incorporate these duties in submission thesis ucl the Experience section of your resume. Skills. This section of the resume focuses on special skills you have that you might not have highlighted in other sections of the resume. Are you familiar with Microsoft Word?
Do you have skills in other software applications such as Microsoft PowerPoint or Excel? Are you an expert in using Westlaw and/or Lexis as a research tool? Are you proficient in a foreign language? If you have any of these skills, include them in the skills section of the resume. However, be honest in assessing your proficiency. For example, don’t indicate fluency in Spanish if you can only read it, but not speak it. Other relevant experience.
The last section of the Personal resume is for other relevant experience that you might have but was not addressed in the other sections of the submission resume. Problem. For example, if you demonstrated leadership skills while serving in a civic or community project or activity, then certainly include this experience. The Cover Letter From New Paralegals. The cover letter should have the following information: your name, address, and the date, name and title of the person to whom you are writing, the company or organization and the relevant salutation. Try to ucl get the exact name of the person to whom you are writing since this will be more personal. The first paragraph of the cover letter should explain why you are writing and indicate how you found out about the available position. For example, “I am writing to apply for the position of paralegal as advertised in the June 20 New York Times,” or “We met last month at the paralegal conference and I am following up on my interest to obtain a paralegal position in your law firm.” The next few paragraphs are where you want to highlight and essay not taken, discuss your qualifications, achievements and submission ucl, experience. Summarize your experience rather than repeat what already is in Personal statement. the resume. Submission Ucl. Discuss why your qualifications and experience are a good fit with the company and what you can contribute to that company. The final paragraph closes the letter by thanking the Personal statement. employers for their consideration of your application and notifying them where they can contact you for submission ucl an interview.
Also indicate that your resume is enclosed and statement., that references are available upon request. Resumes for Experienced Paralegals. Many of my recommendations for submission thesis resumes for experienced paralegals are similar to resumes for new paralegals. Your name, home address, phone number and e-mail address should be on the top of the resume and it should be limited to essays existentialism one page, if possible. Resumes for experienced paralegals should contain the thesis following or similar sections: Career Objective, Professional Experience, Skills, Other Relevant Experience and Education. Career objective.
This is important for experienced paralegals. It signals to the prospective employer whether the applicant is of english language, seeking a career change, a position with greater responsibility or a lateral move to a different company. For example: “To secure a senior level paralegal position with supervisory responsibilities” indicates to the employers that the applicant has prior paralegal experience and is seeking further professional growth. Education. The experienced paralegal should indicate the relevant information under the ucl Education section. You should provide your degree or the certificate completed as well as your major, the college from where you graduated and essays, the date of your graduation. List any awards and honors you received upon graduation. Since prospective employers will focus more on the work history of experienced paralegals, the education information can be included either at the beginning or at the end of the resume.
Experience. Submission Thesis. For the jose saramago experienced paralegal, this section of the thesis ucl resume is the most important information provided by mla writing the applicant in submission engaging the interest of the prospective employers. The most common form of presentation is to the road list jobs in reverse chronological order; therefore, you should list your most recent job first. Submission Thesis Ucl. Indicate the company’s or law firm’s name, list your job titles and dates of Personal statement., employment. Use active verbs to describe your duties and responsibilities, and be consistent in the use of the submission verb tense. Essays. For examples: “Developed systems for billing clients,” “Conducted extensive research for class action lawsuit” and submission ucl, “Maintained and updated court dates.” Skills. Essay The Road. This section is where you can highlight your technological skills. Thesis. At a minimum, employers expect their experienced paralegals to be proficient in word processing, and to be able to navigate e-mails and the road, prepare spreadsheets using Excel.
Do you have computer-assisted research skills using Westlaw or Lexis? Are you proficient in other software applications such as CaseMap, LiveNote or Abacus Law? If so, don’t hesitate to submission thesis ucl list them. Prospective employers always are seeking applicants who are technologically savvy to help make their law offices become more efficient. Other relevant experience.
If you have had relevant experience other than work experience, you can describe it under this section. Were you an active member of a national or state paralegal organization? Did you volunteer to participate in your firm’s pro bono program in providing legal service to those who could not afford to hire a legal professional? Perhaps you volunteered in events related to law that were sponsored by your community or civic groups. These all are activities to stress in essay your resume. Submission Thesis Ucl. They demonstrate initiative, leadership and commitment to the legal profession.
The Cover Letter from Experienced Paralegals. The cover letter is mla writing, your initial introduction to the prospective employer. The purpose of the submission thesis ucl cover letter is to mla writing encourage the employer to submission thesis read your resume and invite you for an interview. Therefore, like the resume, it has to metamorphosis be error-proof, neat and well-written. The first paragraph of the cover letter should explain why you are writing and what position you seek.
For example: “I am writing to apply for the position of Senior Paralegal that was advertised on thesis, your Web site.” Also explain why you are interested in the position, such as seeking greater and/or more diverse responsibilities. In the next few paragraphs, summarize your qualifications, experience and mla writing, achievements. For example: “As the ucl enclosed resume indicates, I have had over 10 years of paralegal experience in statement. employment law” or “My 10 years of submission thesis ucl, experience include working with cases involving bankruptcy law.” Follow up as to why this experience will benefit the law firm. Mla Writing. You also can highlight specific skills, such as the ucl ability to jose saramago blindness essay use computer-assisted research or software applications that help with the management of a law office. The final paragraph closes the letter by thanking the employers for their consideration of your application and notifying the employers where they can contact you for submission thesis an interview.
Also indicate that your resume is enclosed and that references are available upon jose blindness request. SAMPLE COVER LETTER FOR NEW PARALEGALS. 345 Highway Street. Lakeview, NJ 10671. Tobin and Dempf, LLP.
I am writing to apply for the position of submission thesis, Paralegal in your litigation department as advertised in math problem the New Jersey Times , dated June 25, 2008. Submission Ucl. I have just completed the ABA Approved-paralegal program at Gainsville State University . My coursework and my internship experience have given me the existentialism skills to qualify for this position. As you can see from my resume, in addition to coursework in the areas of civil litigation and trial practice, I have enhanced my skills in thesis the practice of litigation through my internship experiences. I have had practical experience in math solve legal research, writing complaints and legal memoranda, and filing pleadings. I am highly proficient and comfortable in the use of submission, technology.
I am proficient in using Westlaw to perform research. I am also skilled in essay the road not taken using Microsoft Word, PowerPoint, Excel and Outlook. Thank you for your consideration. I look forward to speaking with you further regarding my qualifications for this position. Submission Thesis. Enclosed in my resume and I will be happy to mla writing provide you with references upon request.
SAMPLE RESUME FOR NEW PARALEGALS. 345 Highway Street. To secure a position as a paralegal in a law firm that specializes in litigation. June 2008: Gainsville State University , Smithtown , New Jersey. Paralegal Certificate Program, ABA Approved. Coursework: Introduction to Law, Civil Litigation, Legal Research and Writing, Tort Law, Family Law, Elder Law,
Real Estate Law, Trial Practice. Leadership and Academic Acitivities: President of Legal Society (2007-2008) – Organized activities for. students in the Paralegal Program; arranged for speakers on legal issues; coordinated visits to courts. Feb. 2008-May 2008: Paralegal Intern, Smith Smith, Smithtown , New Jersey. Assisted with scheduling meetings with clients. Helped with filing pleadings.
Performed legal research using Westlaw and in the library. Wrote legal memoranda. Prepared demand letters. Sept. 2007-Jan. 2008: Academic Service Learning in conjunction with Elder Law course, Senior Legal Clinic, Newtown , New Jersey. Assisted in drafting advance health planning documents. Interviewed clients for case intake. Assisted with drafting complaints. Assisted in drafting health proxies and living wills. Microsoft Word, PowerPoint, Excel, Outlook, Westlaw.
Coordinated Annual Fund-Raising Event for the Homeless since 2000. SAMPLE COVER LETTER FOR EXPERIENCED PARALEGALS. 345 Highway Street. Lakeview, NJ 10671. Tobin and Dempf, LLP. I am writing to apply for the position of supervising paralegal in your litigation department as advertised in the New Jersey Times , dated June 25, 2008. After more than 10 years of experience as a litigation paralegal, I am seeking a new position that can provide me with additional responsibilities and an opportunity to use my supervisory skills. As you can see from my resume, I have had extensive experience as a litigation paralegal and my responsibilities have increased over the years. Ucl. Recently, I was given the additional responsibility of supervising and training secretarial staff and student interns. In that capacity, I have developed my mentoring and supervisory skills. I am highly proficient and comfortable in the use of technology.
I am proficient in using Westlaw and solve, Lexis to perform research. I have assisted the attorneys in my firm in making presentations using Microsoft PowerPoint and have created spreadsheets using Microsoft Excel. I have become skilled in submission thesis the use of software applications to assist with the jose blindness management of complex litigation cases. As a result, I can offer your firm a high level of expertise in using Concordance, Summation and CaseMap. I believe I can contribute much to your firm. Thank you for taking time from your schedule to consider me for this position. I look forward to speaking with you further regarding my qualifications.
Enclosed is submission ucl, my resume and I will be happy to provide you with references upon request. SAMPLE RESUME FOR EXPERIENCED PARALEGALS. 345 Highway Street. Lakeview, NJ 10671. To secure a position as a senior-level paralegal with supervisory responsibilities. July 2000-Present: Paralegal, Kleinsmith Associates, Newark , N.J. Provide legal and administrative support for civil litigation firm. Supervise and train secretarial staff and student interns. Implement an online billing system for clients.
Draft legal memoranda and jose blindness essay, client correspondence. Conduct research employing online resources such as Westlaw and Lexis. Assist with document production and trial preparation. July 1998-June 2000: Paralegal, Smith Smith, Smithtown , N.J. Assisted with scheduling meetings with clients. Assisted with filing pleadings. Performed legal research using Westlaw and in the library. Wrote legal memoranda. Prepared billings for clients.
Feb. 1998-June 1998: Paralegal Intern, Legal Aid of New Jersey , Newtown , N.J. Interviewed clients for case intake. Assisted with drafting complaints. Assisted with document production. Microsoft Word, PowerPoint, Excel, Outlook, Westlaw, Lexis, Concordance, Summation and submission ucl, CaseMap. Member of the American Alliance of Paralegals and the Legal Assistants Association of New Jersey; organized workshops on technology for paralegals.
Participated in the pro bono program initiated by Kleinsmith Associates. June 1998: Gainsville State University , Smithtown , N.J. Bachelor of Arts, Legal Studies, ABA-Approved Paralegal Program. Linda T. Chin is an the road assistant professor at St. John’s University in submission ucl New York City. She teaches in the American Bar Association-approved legal studies program, which prepares students to work as paralegals in the legal profession.
Professor Chin’s field of expertise is employment and elder law.
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5 Tips for Creating a Photo Essay with a Purpose. As a photographer, you are a storyteller. The nouns are your subject matter; the verbs are the submission thesis ucl color and contrast that keep the story moving. Problem? A cast of characters all working together to get your point across. Thesis? Instead of proper grammar, you ensure proper exposure.
Instead of spelling errors, you watch for jose saramago, tack-sharp focus. For those times when the story is especially important and ucl, meaningful, or for when one image doesn’t say it all, there is the photographic essay. With blogging and social media, photo essays are more popular than ever: humorous or emotionally relevant, sparking debate or encouraging compassion, each with a story to tell. I’ve mentioned before that taking on a photo project is one of my favorite ways to reignite my love for photography, but beyond that, it’s a great way to get your message across and have your work seen by Personal statement. a larger group. A photo essay is intriguing; it’s something to submission talk about statement. after people hear that you’re a photographer and want to know about the glitz and submission ucl, glamour of it all. It’s the mla writing perfect thing to tell them after you’re done going on and on about all of the red carpets, the celebrities, the fame, and the fortune. It also can be extremely satisfying and kick-start your creative wonderment.
By definition, a photographic essay is a set or series of submission thesis ucl, photographs intended to tell a story or evoke emotions. It can be only images, images with captions, or images with full text. In short, it can be almost anything you want it to not taken be. Which is thesis where I struggle mostwhen the essay history of english options are limitless. In this freelance world we live in, I love a little guidance, a little direction. Ideally, someone to tell me exactly what they want and promise to be thrilled with whatever I produce, for my fragile artist ego can’t take any less. While I continue my quest for that, I offer you these 5 tips for creating your own, completely without bounds, photographic essay: Each time I’ve had a very specific concept in mind before I started shooting, it’s never been the end result. An example: for a hot minute, I offered a “day in the life” session to my clients.
I was photographing so many of the same clients year after year that I wanted to be able to offer them a different spin on submission thesis, the portrait sessions I was doing for problem solve, them. I asked a long-time client if her family could be my guinea pigs for this and told them that we could do whatever they wanted. We went out for ice cream, had a mini dance party in their living room, and I photographed a tooth that had been lost that very morning. Then, very last, I photographed the two young daughters with notes they had written, which to be honest, I’m not even sure how they had come about. I rushed home after the submission thesis ucl session and edited those last note pictures first just because they were so different from essay the road what I usually shoot, and posted them on my personal Facebook page the heading Notes Girls Write . Within minutes a dear friend, and fellow photographer, commented that this was big. Bigger than just the two pictures. Thesis Ucl? She and I would spend the math next year working on a photo essay that became a blog, that in thesis turn became a book entitled Notes Girls Write . Problem Solve? We photographed hundreds of submission thesis, women of all ages with their notes, each one later expressing having their portrait taken with their own words was an extremely powerful moment for them. Language? Beyond my beautiful children, the fact that I can make a bed with hospital corners like no one’s business, and the award I won in the 4th grade for “Most Patient”, Notes Girls Write is one of submission, my proudest accomplishments. Not Taken? It evolved on its own, starting from a few similar photographs that struck a cord in viewers and submission thesis ucl, becoming a large and powerful project, one of the biggest markers in my career so far. TIP: Don’t be so set in jose saramago blindness essay your idea that your project can’t outgrow your original concept. Your images will guide you to your end result, which may end up being different than you originally envisioned it.
2) If you think there’s something there, there’s likely something there. For the last year I have been a “foster mom” with a dog rescue group. Volunteers transport dogs that would otherwise be put down from overpopulated shelters, or seized from terrible situations, to submission thesis my area, where dog adoption rates are much higher. These dogs live in foster homes while they receive medical care and basic training so that they can be adopted out to essay loving homes. It’s incredibly rewarding. Especially when I had hardwood floors. I knew from the first time I met the transport van I wanted to document what it looked like: a van full of dogs that just narrowly escaped death arriving to temporary homes where they will experience a level of love and submission ucl, care which they’ve likely never known. Personal? I tear-up every time I see it.
I am also put to ucl work every time I am there, so taking photos while holding onto a 100 pound German Shepard is tough. It’s going to problem solve take me several trips to have enough images to do anything with, but that’s fine. I have no idea what I will be doing with these photos. I know they will find a home somewhere: maybe with the thesis rescue group to raise awareness, or to help bring in volunteers, or maybe they will do nothing more than document my own story with volunteering, or perhaps something more. Personal? I’m not sure yet, but the point is that I have the images, ready for their time, whenever that is. TIP: If you think there is something to submission it, there likely is. Metamorphosis? Even if it’s just a personal passion project. Take photos until you find the direction or purpose and save them until your essay takes shape. Ucl? You may not end up using all, or any of the images, but in jose continuing to take photographs, your project will be defined. I’m the ucl “World’s Worst Over-Shooter”. Need one image?
Let me take a hundred so we know we have it. Luckily for my bad habit, the photographic essay needs over history, shooting. Whether you know what your plan is, or have no idea want your end result will look like, the more coverage you have, the better. Submission Ucl? This is one of the jose saramago few times I push my luck and ask my subjects to work for me until they never want to see me again (I only thesis, photograph people though, so if you are photographing mountains or something, you have the added advantage of not pushing people until they cry or yell). Don’t be shy. Shoot everything you know you don’t need, just in case you need it. Saramago Essay? Should your end product need supporting images or take a different direction than you originally thought, you’ll be ready. Take advantage of digital (if that’s how you shoot) and thesis, fill a memory card. You may end up trashing everything, or you may not. I had no idea that my Notes Girls Write project would span for as long as it did, but because I didn’t turn down anyone who was interested in mla writing the very beginning I ended up with some shots that told complete stories and expanded on the original concept.
TIP: Think big. If you are shooting an thesis ucl essay where mountains are your subject matter, see the math problem solve mountain in submission thesis pieces and photograph the surrounding trees, rocks, and whatever else. This will save you having to of english language return to the beginning of the project for supporting shots, or having to reshoot if your essay takes a different turn than you planned. 4) Ask for help with image selection. I struggle with this oneI let my personal feelings get involved. Submission Thesis? Throughout our Notes Girls Write project I was constantly picking images based on my personal feelingsthe subjects that I had connected with more, and existentialism metamorphosis, the girls that I knew were most interested in the project. Submission Thesis Ucl? This is where it is so helpful to have someone else help. Someone who has no personal feelings towards the statement. images and thesis ucl, will help you pick based only on the strength of the image and not your own feelings. Even if people were not involved as subjects, you tend to have personal feelings toward images that the of english general public may not see the power behind.
I recently photographed several dozen sexual assault survivors as part of a photographic essay for submission thesis, a victim advocacy’s annual gallery show. This event is meant to put faces on the survivors and raise awareness, and language, has been a large local event for submission ucl, years. I was thrilled to be selected to be the exclusive photographer, though this was one of the math problem solve hardest projects I’ve ever taken on. The photo sessions themselves, whether five minutes or 30, were extremely emotional for the survivors and in the time I spent with them, I often learned a lot about their journey and thesis, experience. This made it difficult for me to pick which final images would be used for the show, based only on the power of the image and not my personal feelings. In the end several select friends helped me narrow each survivor’s images down, and the subjects themselves selected which would be the final image used, as ultimately this is mla writing their story. Submission Thesis? TIP: All creative work is personal, and looking at of english language photographs we take ourselves is incredibly hard to do with clear eyes.
We see the ucl mistakes, the personal feelings, the shot that could have been better. It’s impossible to problem always set these aside so when working on a project that is incredibly important to you, or large in scale. Have others help you decide what images to use for your final pieces. Bring in submission thesis people who are interested in photography and people that aren’t. People that know about your subject matter and people that don’t understand it at all. But above all, bring in people who will be honest and not tip-toe around your feelings.
Lastly, also bring a thick skin. Blindness? 5) Tell your story, in fact shout it from the rooftops if you can. Maybe your original idea for your photographic essay was to post it on your blog. Awesome, nothing wrong with that, but are you sure it can’t be more? Shop it around, who can it help? Does this benefit a group, an organization, or a person? Could it inspire people?
If you feel passionately about the photos, chances are that someone else will too. Submission Ucl? Your photographic eye doesn’t stop when your shooting is done. If you felt compelled to take the time to create a photographic essay, there are likely “readers” for statement., your story. TIP: This isn’t the time to be humble. Taking on a photo essay is submission thesis a large endeavour. Essay Not Taken? While there’s nothing wrong with having it be something you only did for your own personal growth, showing it around can be helpful both in submission thesis ucl experience and longterm benefit. Post it on Personal, social media, find appropriate places your essay could be displayed, and ucl, think about how it helped you. Every single photo essay I have done has led to an outstanding connection, or more work, and there is nothing wrong with getting those things along with the personal gain of jose blindness, accomplishing something you’re proud of. The ideas are truly for a photographic essay are limitless. Truly.
Want a few more ideas for thesis, projects, try these? Have you ever done a photographic essay? What is your experience? Share with in the comments if you have, or have considered it. Essay Not Taken? If you haven’t, what are you waiting for? Read more from our Tips Tutorials category. Lynsey Mattingly photographs families, kids, couples, and other groups of people who, for whatever reason, kind of like each other. Her portrait work has been featured in People Magazine, Us Weekly, BBC Magazine, and on thesis ucl, national TV including CNN, Oprah, and Ellen, but most importantly, in the personal galleries of clients across the country.
Her photography can be viewed at www.lynseymattingly.com or on Facebook. Essays Metamorphosis? Excellent post Lynsey. I suffer from the submission thesis ucl same challenges as you in tip #4. Mla Writing? I get caught up in my personal meaning behind some of my pictures. Apparently, others feel the submission ucl same way. http://www.picture-power.com/my-most-powerful-picture.html. I have an idea for Personal, a photo essay I wanted to pursue, this article helped grow it further.
Thank you. Wonderful article. Thesis Ucl? I liked the picture for #3. This is the main reason why I think a blog is a much more interesting format than a photo sharing site such as flickr or 500px to Personal show your work; for thesis, me, the the road not taken images are just part of the story, but the submission thesis words and texts can help define them, giving them context and body. For me, an mla writing image rarely works alone and usually comes in ucl a set with a particular rhythm and saramago essay, flow; what precedes and what follows is a very important element of thesis, each capture, as well. One example from my blog, a short walk that I took recently along a humble neighborhood in Bangkok: I think the issue in Tip #4 is common to all creative endeavors: We all get too close to the material. Mla Writing? In a previous life, I was a writer and editor, but when it came time for ucl, me to edit my own stuff, I had somebody else look at it. We have too much of ourselves tied up in the work to be objective sometimes. Wonderful article, thank you #128578; some of the examples are awesome and thought-filling. Saramago Blindness? Thank-you for telling me about this!!
It pretty much rocks. Thesis? I am so glad that I came across this article this morning. I am no pro photographer but just someone who loves capturing images to share. I have been asked to volunteer my time to capture a group of students in Beijing, who would be traveling to Personal Xian, the home of the submission terracotta warriors, to help out in a orphanage just 2 weeks from now. Personal Statement.? I have never done this before. They are not expecting much. Just pictures for the event. However, I wanted to tell a story. A story of these volunteers as well as the orphans and I have been struggling over the past week of whether is that what I should do. After reading this article, I know that I am on the right path and hopefully help not to take pictures of thesis, people, but take pictures of the story behind the people.
Thank you again very much. Essay Not Taken? This is my first opportunity to use my hobby for a good cause, and I am very excited about it. Thank you again for this great article. Really good points and very motivational to get me on a riveting photo essay again. I did attempt one such photographic essay which I titled #8220;The World of Weeds.#8221; Would appreciate a few visits with any helpful comments or critiques. It#8217;s over at one of ucl, my blogs and essay history, can be found here: http://thegoldenumber.blogspot.com/2013/07/the-world-of-weeds.html. you have some beautiful images there, but I would keep the focus similar. the shift in focus from thesis 1, 2, 3 and 5 is radical. Not Taken? 5 the green plant on the corner and then 7 seems another sudden change. The drain-pipe is beautiful because the eye follows the path of the pipe and so tightly focused. It seems to be erratic because you have the wonderful still life of dried plants against nearly solid backdrops like walls and then sudden change to green plants that don#8217;t seem to have the same focus.. but the dried plants and wall work, the drain beautiful and interesting. The green plants against walls work well with dried plants because they have similar conceptual style.
Overall, is interesting group and should be developed some more. Submission? I recently completed my first photo essay as an history language eBook. It took me a long time to figure out ucl, how to work with iBooks Author, but it was a great platform to construct such a vehicle to solve display digital photographs in a meaningful way. Unfortunately, it only publishes to iBooks, which translates, effectively, to submission ucl having the eBook only on essay of english language, iPads. Photo essays in submission thesis ucl black and white. This post inspired me to start my website of photo essays. My current ongoing series is about a band I went on tour with and the different things I learned and encountered: http://www.quietandconstant.com/on-tour-with-lemuria-part-1/ I recently made a photo essay which was published in a mainstream web portal so I#8217;m quite happy about that. I agree that sometimes, photographs have to be put in context by using words to Personal statement. string them together.
Also believe that any subject can be turned into a photo essay. The Photo Essay is a piece where its the photographer#8217;s voice through and through. Landscape Photography Tips. Photo Composition Tips. Beginner Photography Tips. 2006 - 2017 Digital Photography School, All Rights Reserved / Disclaimer.
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Excel Tips for ucl Improving Productivity Using Excel. Microsoft Excel is statement. a program developed by Microsoft and it offers a spreadsheet application for users. This spreadsheet application is designed for use in Windows and Mac OS computers and devices. Ucl? This application has been widely used in all its components or platforms right from history language when version 5 was released in ucl, 1993. This spreadsheet application has replaced other software products like the Lotus 1-2-3. It is part of the essay history of english language, Microsoft Office program. The main components of Microsoft Excel are;
Calculation functions Pivot tables Graphic tools And Visual Basic for Applications, a macro programming language. Top features and benefits of Microsoft Excel spreadsheet. Microsoft Excel spreadsheet helps build great charts. This application helps businesses unlock their potential data. Businesses are able to make use of different formulas in submission thesis ucl, a grid of cells within a table. The required data is put into individual cells when it is required in rows or columns.
It allows users to sort, filter, and display the rows and columns in visual presentation. Math Solve? Users can use things like graphs, charts, clustered columns to ucl add more meaning to data. Visual presentation has a big impact in history of english language, the tabulation and comprehending of data. The visual presentations like graphs can help readers capture the content within a data more easily. Using the visualization features, it helps put some more emphasis on business reports and business marketing materials. Submission Thesis? Charts are recommended for any type of data which needs to be presented in either X or Y-axis. With Microsoft Excel, you can use conditional formatting to essays metamorphosis put more emphasize on certain information.
Users are able to format the ucl, spreadsheet with use of essay history, features like italics, bolds, color shades, and other functions in thesis, order to math solve highlight the most important data. Thesis Ucl? The conditional formatting is helpful in businesses when they present accounting information such as the balance carried forward by a company or a pre-tax profit. This will put emphasize on that information contained in existentialism, the sheet. Besides, users are able to select a suitable color scheme, which suits their preferences by going to submission ucl the “Quick Analysis button” and jose saramago blindness then selecting the submission, Formatting tab. When using Microsoft Excel spreadsheet, it can help businesses identify trends.
With the presentation of data in graphical form, it helps include aspects such as average lines, which are essential in saramago essay, showing the key trends derived from the information presented in that graphic form. Thesis Ucl? This is something, which can be applied to essays emphasize key points to other users or readers of the information in a straightforward way. Moreover, Microsoft excel allows users to bring their data together. With these spreadsheets, users can put all the information from different documents in one place so that they are maintained within one single location for ucl easy access. The raw data presented in the sheet contains all the content even from metamorphosis other spreadsheets meaning that users are able to import texts or images when they want. Besides, users can add objects with use of the submission, “Insert tab” or by using the additional spreadsheets. As part of the Microsoft’s Office 365 productivity suite, the Excel spreadsheet is available online and this implies that businesses can have access to the program using their computers or smartphone devices from anywhere. This can help business leaders and employees accomplish data tabulations even when they are out of their offices or at home. As long as the users have an internet connection, they can use their devices whether PCs, smartphones, laptops, or tablets to access the Microsoft Excel spreadsheet. This makes it easy for remote and mobile working when on the go. What are the Personal statement., disadvantages of Microsoft Excel?
This software when installed in computers requires frequent updating, and this is time consuming. When the software starts updating, it may take a lot of time. Not all computer users have the program which is compatible to view the documents that have been created using Microsoft Excel. In essence, Microsoft Excel provides users with different formulas, which they can use to ease their calculations, something that saves time and enables them calculate difficult problems easily. The problem of using this program is submission thesis ucl that it limits users from learning or understanding the knowledge of solving problems manually.
They have to rely on mla writing the spreadsheet to solve their calculations and present the data rather than doing it manually. Using Excel formula function helps you create and thesis apply various formulas including sum, count, trim, and others. History? With this Excel formula, it is intended for use by those people with no experience or those who have some little knowledge on how to work with spreadsheet programs including Excel. Formula: = SUM (6,6) or =SUM (A1, B1) or =SUM(A1:B5) Using SUM formula, it helps find the total sum of ucl, two or more numbers. The SUM formula gives you the total sum of saramago essay, two or more numbers. Submission Thesis? The different numbers you are adding together are separated by commas, and mla writing the SUM function will add them together. In addition, you can have cell references of the submission thesis, numbers you want to essay of english add, and the SUM formula will add the numbers in those cells.
Besides, the SUM formula can add numbers within a range of cells that are separated by a colon between the cells. You can use the submission thesis, count formula to count the number of cells which have a numbers in them within a certain range. One thing with the COUNTA Formula is mla writing that it works with different data types. It can help in counting all numbers of non-empty cells within a certain range. It counts that if there are cells with numbers or other characters in submission thesis, them. Using the LEN formula helps you count all the numbers of characters within a given cells range. In this case, spaces may also be counted. Note: You have 10 characters where there is essay of english language no space between words and submission thesis 12 characters where there are spaces between the words. This formula is particularly useful in existentialism, situations where you have to pull data from the databases.
This formula compares with either the use of submission, “VLOOKUP’s”or “IF statement”. Formulas: = RIGHT(text, number of characters), =LEFT(text, number of characters), =MID(text, start number, number of characters). The formulae used above returns certain number of characters which are mentioned from math a specific text string. RIGHT will give you the number of characters which are from the right side of the submission ucl, text string. LEFT will give you the number of characters which are from the left of the text string. MID will give the number of characters required from the middle. Formula: =VLOOKUP (lookup_value, table_array, col_index_num, range_lookup) This formula will first look up for a value in table that is in essays metamorphosis, leftmost column, and it then returns the ucl, value in the same row, from the value of a column you specify. If you use any number for the lookup value, the formula makes it easier to ensure that the data you are getting back is a correct match.
Formula: =IF(logical_statement, return this if logical statement is true, return this if logical statement is false) Example: =IF(C3D3, “Met Quota”, “Did Not Meet Quota”) Formulas: =SUMIF (range, criteria, sum range), =COUNTIF(range, criteria), =AVERAGEIF(range, criteria, average range) This is the process of merging or combining two different cells to form one cell.To find all the required right Excel formulas for a job, you will discover that there are close to 316 predefined or built in mla writing, function within Excel. Solutions to submission ucl Common Print Problem When You Use Microsoft Excel. There are different print problems experienced when you use Microsoft Excel but we will present solutions to some of the problems as outlined below; Microsoft Excel prints only existentialism a portion of the worksheet I need to print one page wide or tall of my sheet The footer or header of the thesis, printed sheet does not look the way in wanted Why is Microsoft excel ignoring page breaks I have set Some columns and rows are printing on the wrong page Excel is not printing multiple print areas on same page I am not able to scale a chart to print to a desired size or I am not able to print multiple charts on one page. Microsoft Excel prints only a portion of the worksheet. If Excel is only printing a portion of your worksheet, you need to check whether a print area has already been defined. If there is a print area already set, then Microsoft Excel will only print the essay history language, print area.
To check whether a worksheet contains a printing area, you should go to “Page Break Preview” located on the “View” menu. Ucl? The areas you see of the worksheet in a white background are the parts that will appear in a print. In order to print the mla writing, whole sheet, you need to submission ucl clear the print area by going to the “File” menu, then to “Print Area” then select “Clear Print Area” You can also adjust the print area by changing its size to include or exclude rows and problem columns. You do this by going to “View” menu and then clicking “Page Break Preview”, where you then adjust the borders surrounding the ucl, print area by math solve, dragging them. If you want to include nonadjacent cells to the printable area, you need to select the thesis ucl, cells then right click any cell within the Personal statement., selection, then click the thesis ucl, “Add to essays existentialism Print Area” button found on the shortcut menu.. I need to submission thesis ucl print one page wide or tall of my sheet.
If you want your excel sheet to print one page tall or wide, you need to prevent the columns or rows from spilling over the edges of the page. This is done by shrinking the excel sheet in order to appear in one page tall or wide. To do this, you go to “File” menu and click “Page Setup”, then click “Page” tab. When you are at mla writing the “Page” tab, you click “Fit to”, and type in “1? in the pages wide box or tall box. This action deletes the number from the other box.
The footer or header of the printed sheet does not look the submission ucl, way in wanted. If the header or footer you have printed does not look the way you wanted, you can solve this problem by choosing from the various built in footers and saramago essay headers to create your own. You can go to “View” menu and click “Header and thesis ucl Footer” where you choose black and white only. The footers and headers text will always be black meaning that it cannot be printed in color even when you are using a color printer. In case you want to repeat linked information or graphics on top of every page, you can use print titles instead of using print headers. This feature can be used to saramago blindness print a company log or address at the top part of every page of the sheet. You place the company information on submission thesis the first few rows within the worksheet. Then you go to “File” menu, and essay history of english language click “Page Setup”, then next click the “Sheet” tab, and on the “Rows to repeat at top” box, you enter the rows that contain the company log and the address. Why is Microsoft excel ignoring page breaks I have set.
If Microsoft excel ignores the ucl, page breaks you set, it means that your workbook has been set in such a way that Excel fits the printed work on a certain number of pages thus ignoring the manual page breaks you set. This reduces the size of the printed Excel worksheet. To check whether this is the case, you need to mla writing go to “File” menu, and click “Page Setup”, then the “Page” tab and under “Scaling”, check the “Fit to” option. You use “Adjust to” instead of using “Fit to” in order to submission thesis fit the worksheet. To go to “Adjust to”, you click “Page Setup” in the “File” menu and then click “Page” tab and you will see the “Adjust to” button. If you find that the “Adjust to” option does not give you the statement., results you want, you can set a print area by selecting each page as a separate range.
Excel prints the submission thesis ucl, worksheet nonadjacent ranges on separate pages. Some columns and rows are printing on the wrong page. If some rows and columns are printing on the wrong page, you need to make some adjustments. The row height, column width, page margins as well as page breaks help determine the number of rows and columns that are printed on a page. You can make the margins smaller. If some columns and rows are printing on the next page, you may try decreasing the margins at statement. the top, bottom, left and right. To adjust the margins, you go to “File” menu, then click “Page Setup”, and go to submission ucl “Margins” tab and click it. You can also adjust the essay of english language, page breaks by submission ucl, moving them before you print the worksheet. To do this, you go to history “View” menu, and submission ucl click “Page Break Preview” and the manual page breaks are displayed in thick blue lines. Usually automatic page breaks will appear as dashed lines.
The page breaks can be moved through dragging them up, down, right or left. Excel is not printing multiple print areas on same page. If multiple print areas are not being printed on the same page, you can specify that separate parts of the essay language, excel worksheet be printed on same page. The nonadjacent areas of an excel worksheet are printed in thesis, separate pages by default. To change this scenario, you need to essay not taken bring together the columns intend to print. In order to print the thesis, nonadjacent columns in the same page, you need to select the columns, which you do not want to print and hide them.
Once you have selected them, you go to “Format” menu, then click “Column” and mla writing then click “Hide”. Submission Thesis Ucl? The same happens with the nonadjacent rows whether below or above the worksheet, which you do not want to print. You hide the saramago, rows by going to “Format” menu, then click “Row” and then click “Hide”. Submission Thesis? After that, you can now set the print area containing all the rows and problem columns including those, which are hidden. I am not able to ucl scale a chart to mla writing print to a desired size or I am not able to ucl print multiple charts on one page. If you cannot scale the chart to print it in Personal, the size you want, you can set the submission, print size. The chart on the chart sheet can be scaled when you want to print. Essays Existentialism? To activate the chart sheet, you go to submission “File” menu, then “Page Setup” and next click the “Chart” tab. Math Problem? Under the “Printed chart size”, you click the scaling option you need to print.
For “Custom”, it means that your chart will print in submission, the size that you create when you drag the essays existentialism, selection handles. If you have embedded charts, you need to drag to resize. On the other hand, if you want to print various charts together on same page, you embed them. Submission? It is math problem not possible to print multiple chart sheets within one page. If you want to print two or more charts on the same page, you should create embedded charts, which are then resized to fit into one page. How to Create ‘User Defined Functions” With use of visual basic macros or functions, we are able to design custom functions, which are not built in Excel. Submission Thesis? The functions we develop can then be used or applied in formulas just like other functions that are currently applicable in essay not taken, Excel.
In order to thesis ucl demonstrate how this works, we will create the “CardOK” function, which will enable us test the eligibility or validity of a credit card number. The aim of the “CardOK” function is to perform a mathematical checking to essay the road not taken help determine the validity of the card number in a specific cell, and this check is known as the MOD10 check. However, the mathematical check does not determine the credit worthiness, the credit available in the card, or whether the number of the card is submission thesis actual one. To start, you go to mla writing “Tools” menu and then click “Macro” and select “Macros”. Now type the Macro name and in thesis ucl, our example, it is “CardOk”. Then click “create” and this will show Microsoft Visual Basic Editor Interface.
Once at the Microsoft Visual Basic Editor, delete all the text you see on that page by holding [Ctrl + A], and existentialism metamorphosis then pressing “delete” at the same time. After that, you need to cut and paste the below text on to that page: Function CardOk(CardNum$) As Boolean. ‘Logic statement by submission thesis ucl, Richard Harris – obtained from Deja News. ‘Implemented by Chui Tey – obtained from Deja News. ‘Concatenation and minor correction by Phil Bornemeier. ‘Modified for essays metamorphosis Excel by www.finance-analyst.com. Dim tmpCardNum$, OddSum, EvenSum, i, OneLetter$, Digit, CheckSum. ‘Reverse order of submission thesis, cardnum drop non-number characters. For i = Len(tmpCardNum$) To 1 Step -1. OneLetter$ = Mid$(tmpCardNum$, i, 1)
If OneLetter$ = “9? And OneLetter$ = “0? Then. CardNum$ = CardNum$ + OneLetter$ ‘Add numbers in odd positions. For i = 1 To Len(CardNum$) Step 2. OddSum = OddSum + Val(Mid$(CardNum$, i, 1)) ‘Double numbers in even positions, add up all digits, accumulate. For i = 2 To Len(CardNum$) Step 2. Digit = Val(Mid$(CardNum$, i, 1)) EvenSum = EvenSum + Digit * 2 + (Digit * 2 = 10) * 9. ‘Add OddSum and EvenSum. CheckSum = OddSum + EvenSum. ‘Check if CheckSum divisible by 10.
If CheckSum Mod 10 = 0 Then. Next you press [Atl + Q], and this action will enable you quit Microsoft Visual Basic Editor and get back to Excel. Our function is the road now ready for use, and in order to test its applicability, we format cell A1 for submission ucl text. What you do is highlight cell A1 and the press [Ctrl+1], the click “number”, then again click “text” and lastly press “ok”. In cell A1, you enter the below valid credit card number: Next in cell A2 you type: =CardOk(A1) The value you get in cell A2 needs to be “TRUE” This function can also be accessed on the “Insert” menu, where you click “Function”, and in the “Function Category” tab or box, you select “User Defined”, and “CardOk” appears in essay of english, “Function Name” tab or box. You then select “CardOk” and click “ok”. A box will pop up where you will enter “A1? or that cell which contains the credit card number, and lastly you press “OK”. Point to note: Many small e-commerce sites, which are unable to afford online credit card authorization, are using this function(MOD10 check)
If you want to thesis ucl format any selected object, youpress ctrl+1 To insert current date, youpress ctrl+; Inserting current time, you press ctrl+shift+; Editing a cell comment, you pressshift + F2 Repeating last action, you press F4 If you want to autosum selected number of cells, you press alt + = In order to see suggest drop-down in a cell, you press alt + down arrow Inserting a new sheet, youpress shift + F11 Editing an essay language, active cell, you press F2 (this action will place the cursor in the end) Entering multiple lines in thesis, a one cell, you press alt+enter If you want to hide current row, you press ctrl+9 In order to unhide rows within a selected range, you press ctrl+shift+9 To hide current column, youpress ctrl+0 If you want to mla writing unhide columns in a selected range, you press ctrl+shift+0 If you want to recalculate formulas, you press F9 Selecting data within a current region, you press ctrl+shift+8 If you want to see formulas in submission thesis ucl, your worksheet, you press ctrl+shift+` (ctrl+ ) If you want to change the reference type from Personal statement. absolute to relative and vice versa while editing formulas, you press F4 In formatting a number as currency, you press ctrl+shift+4 (ctrl+$) If you want to use outline border around selected cells, you press ctrl+shift+7 Opening the macros dialog box, press alt+F8 Copying value from above cell, you press ctrl+ Formatting current cell using comma formats, you press ctrl+shift+1 If you want to ucl switch to the next worksheet, you press ctrl+shift+pg down If you want to switch to the previous worksheet, you press ctrl+shift+pg up.