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Business/Business Plan term paper 2647. Business Plan: Progressive Consulting. What follows is a complete business plan for a hypothetical company. Essay! Please. copy or save to your disk and use as an example in developing your own. business plan. If you would like to read a series of articles jump to Web. Marketing . For additional business aids click on what is creative class school The Practical Tools of. 1. 0 Executive Summary. Progressive Consulting will be formed as a consulting company specializing in. marketing of high technology products in international markets. Ap English Essay Style! Its founders. Essays Arthur! are former marketers of consulting services, personal computers, and market. research, all in international markets.
They are founding Progressive. Ap English Essay! Consulting to arthur, formalize the consulting services they offer. Progressive Consulting offers high-tech manufacturers a reliable, high. quality alternative to inhouse resources for business development, market. development, and ap english, channel development on an international scale. A true. alternative to in house resources offers a very high level of practical. experience, know how, contacts, and confidentiality. Clients must know that. Argumentative On World Hunger! working with Progrssive Consulting is essay style, a more professional, less risky way to. develop new areas even than working completely in house with their own. people.
Progressive Consulting must also be able to maintain financial. balance, charging a high value for its services, and delivering an letter for us visa application, even. Ap English Essay! higher value to its clients. Initial focus will be development in the. Argumentative On World! European and Latin American markets, or for European clients in style, the United. 1. 3 Keys to Success. -Excellence in fulfilling the promise completely confidential, reliable, trustworthy expertise and information. -Developing visibility to generate new business leads. Dissertation Editing! -Leveraging from essay style a single pool of expertise into multiple revenue generation. opportunities: retainer consulting, project consulting, market research, and. market research published reports. 2. 0 Company Summary. Progressive Consulting is a new company providing high-level expertise in. international high-tech business development, channel development, distribution strategies, and marketing of high tech products. It will focus. initially on providing two kinds of international triangles: -Providing United States clients with development for European and Latin. -Providing European clients with development for the United States and Latin.
As it grows it will take on people and consulting work in related markets, such as the rest of Latin America, and the Far East, and similar markets. As. it grows it will look for additional leverage by essays comte, taking brokerage positions. and representation positions to ap english, create percentage holdings in product. 2. 1 Company Ownership. Progressive Consulting will be created as a California C corporation based. in Los Angeles County, owned by its principal investors and principal. Admission Essays! operators.
As of this writing it has not been chartered yet and is still. considering alternatives of legal formation. Ap English! 2. 2 Startup Summary. Total start up expense (including legal costs, logo design, stationery and. Admission Essays Culture! related expenses) come to $73,000. Start up assets required include $3,000 in. short term assets (office furniture, etc.) and $1,000,000 in initial cash to. handle the first few months of ap english essay style, consulting operations as sales and accounts. receivable play through the dissertation services cash flow. The details are included in the table. Stationery etc. $3,000 Brochures $5,000. Expensed equipment $3,000. Total Start-up Expense $18,350. Start-up Assets Needed.
Cash requirements $25,000. Start-up inventory $0. Ap English Essay Style! Other Short-term Assets $7,000. Total Short-term Assets $32,000. Long-term Assets WORD DOCUMENT HAS NO NUMBER HERE. Capital Assets $0. Culture! Total Assets $32,000. Essay Style! Total Startup Requirements: $50,350. Left to finance: $0. Start-up Funding Plan.
Investor 1 $20,000. Investor 2 $20,000. Total investment $50,000. Unpaid expenses $5,000. Letter For Us Application! Short-term loans $0. Ap English! Interest-free short-term loans $0. Subtotal Short-term Borrowing $5,000. Long-term Borrowing $0. On Joseph Arthur! Total Borrowing $5,000. Loss at start-up ($23,000) Total Equity $27,000.
Total Debt and Equity $32,000. 2. 3 Company Services. Progressive offers expertise in channel distribution, channel development, and market development, sold and packaged in various ways that allow clients. to choose their preferred relationship: these include retainer consulting. relationships, project based consulting, relationship and alliance. brokering, sales representation and market representation, project-based. market research, published market research, and information forum events. 2. 4 Company locations and facilities. The initial office will be established in A quality office space in the Los. Angeles County Dearborn Valley area of California, the heart of the U.S. high tech industry.
Progressive offers the expertise a high-technology company needs to ap english style, develop. new product distribution and new market segments in new markets. This can be. taken as high-level retainer consulting, market research reports, or project- 3. 1 Service Description. 1. Retainer consulting: we represent a client company as an critical essays on poems, extension of ap english, its. Critical On Poems! business development and market development functions. This begins with. complete understanding of the client company's situation, objectives, and. constraints. We then represent the client company quietly and confidentially, sifting through new market developments and new opportunities as is. appropriate to ap english essay, the client, representing the client in initial talks with.
possible allies, vendors, and channels. 2. Editing Rates! Project consulting: Proposed and billed on ap english style a per-project and per-milestone. basis, project consulting offers a client company a way to harness our. specific qualities and use our expertise to solve specific problems, develop. and/or implement plans, develop specific information. 3. Market research: group studies available to selected clients at $5,000 per. unit. A group study is packaged and published, a complete study of a specific. market, channel, or topic. Examples might be studies of developing consumer. College Admission Essays About Culture! channels in Japan or Mexico, or implications of changing margins in essay, software. 3. 2 Competitive Comparison. The competition comes in on world hunger, several forms: 1. The most significant competition is no consulting at all, companies. choosing to do business development and channel development and market. research in-house. Their own managers do this on their own, as part of their. regular business functions. Our key advantage in competition with in-house. development is that managers are already overloaded with responsibilities, they don't have time for additional responsibilities in new market. development or new channel development.
Also, Progressive can approach. alliances, vendors,and channels on a confidential basis, gathering. information and making initial contacts in ways that the essay style corporate managers. Essays On World! 2. Essay Style! The high-level prestige management consulting: High-Tec, San Diego. Consulting Group, etc. These are essentially generalists who take their name- brand management consulting into specialty areas. Their other very important. weakness is the management structure that has the partners selling new jobs, and inexperienced associates delivering the work. We compete against them as. experts in our specific fields, and with the guarantee that our clients will. have the top-level people doing the actual work. 3. Critical Analysis Essays On Poems! The third general kind of competitor is the international market research. company: International Electronic Data Corporation (IEDC), Dataquest,
Stanford Research Institute, etc. These companies are formidable competitors. for published market research and market forums, but cannot provide the kind. of high-level consulting that Triangle will provide. 4. The fourth kind of competition is the market-specific smaller house. For. example: Nomura Research in Japan, Select S.A. de C.V. in Mexico (now. affiliated with IEDC). 5. Sales representation, brokering, and deal catalysts are an ad-hoc business.
form that will be defined in detail by the specific nature of each. 3. 3 Sales Literature. The business will begin with a general corporate brochure establishing the. positioning. Essay Style! This brochure will be developed as part of the start-up. Literature and mailings for the initial market forums will be very important, with the argumentative essays on world hunger need to establish a high-quality look and feel for. . [truncated. Ap English Essay Style! because this plan is provided for purposes of illustration only] -The key fulfillment and delivery will be provided by the principals of the. business. The real core value is professional expertise, provided by a. combination of experience, hard work. and education (in that order). -We will turn to qualified professionals for free-lance back-up in market. research and essays on joseph comte de gobineua, presentation and ap english essay, report development, which are areas that we. can afford to contract out without risking the core values provided to the. Progressive Consulting will maintain latest Windows and Macintosh. -1. Complete Email facilities in Internet, Compuserve, America Online, and. Applelink, for essays comte, working with clients directly through email delivery of drafts. -2.
Complete presentation facilities for preparation and essay, delivery of. multimedia presentations on on joseph arthur Macintosh or Windows machines, in formats. including on-disk presentation, live presentation, or video presentation. Essay! -3. Complete desktop publishing facilities for essays hunger, delivery of regular retainer. Ap English Essay Style! reports, project output reports, marketing materials, market research. 3. 6 Future Services. In the future Progressive will broaden the coverage by expanding into. coverage of additional markets (e.g. all of Latin America, Far East, Western. Europe) and additional product areas (e.g. telecommunications and technology. integration). We are also studying the possibility of newsletter or. electronic newsletter services, or perhaps special on-topic reports.
4. On Joseph! 0 Market Analysis Summary. Progressive will be focusing on high-technology manufacturers of ap english style, computer. hardware and software, services, networking, who want to sell into editing services, markets. in the United States, Europe, and Latin America. These are mostly larger. Ap English Essay Style! companies, and occasionally medium-sized companies. Our most important group of potential customers are executives in larger. corporations.
These are marketing managers, general managers, sales managers, sometimes charged with international focus and sometimes charged with market. or even specific channel focus. They do not want to waste their time or risk. their money looking for bargain information or questionnable expertise. As. they go into markets looking at new opportunities, they are very sensitive. to risking their company's name and reputation. Professional experience. What In High! [truncated because this plan is provided for purposes of illustration only] 4. 1 Market Segmentation. -Large manufacturer corporations: our most important market segment is the. large manufacturer of high-technology products, such as Apple, Hewlett- Packard, IBM, Microsoft, Siemens, or Olivetti. These companies will be. calling on Progressive for development functions that are better spun off. than managed in-house, and for market research, and for market forums. -Medium sized growth companies: particularly in software, multimedia, and. some related high growth fields, Triangle will be able to offer an attractive. development alternative to the company that is management constrained and. Ap English Style! unable to analysis essays on poems, address opportunities in new markets and new market segments. 4. 2 Industry Analysis. Ap English! The consulting industry is pulverized and is creative writing school, disorganized, thousands of.
smaller consulting organizations and essay style, individual consultants for every one of. the few dozen well-known companies. Consulting is a disorganized industry, with participants ranging from major. international name brand consultants to tens of thousands of individuals. One. of Progressive's challenges will be establishing itself as a real consulting company, positioned as a relatively risk free corporate purchase. 4. 2. 1 Industry Participants. The consulting industry is pulverized and college essays about culture, disorganized, thousands of. Essay Style! smaller consulting organizations and individual consultants for every one of. the few dozen well-known companies.
At the highest level are the college about culture few well established major names in management. consulting. Most of these are organized as partnerships established in ap english essay style, major. markets around the world, linked together by interconnecting directors and. sharing the name and corporate wisdom. Some evolved from accounting companies. (e.g. Arthur Anderson, Touche Ross) and some from management consulting. Arthur De Gobineua! (McKinsey, Bain). These companies charge very high rates for consulting, and. maintain relatively high overhead structures and style, fulfillment structures based. on partners selling and junior associates fulfilling. At the intermediate. level are some function specific or market specific consultants, such as the. market research firms (IEDC, Dataquest) or channel development firms. (ChannelCorp, Channel Strategies, ChannelMark).
Some kinds of consulting is little more than contract expertise provided by. somebody looking for a job and offering consulting services as a stop-gap. measure while looking. 4. 2. 2 Distribution Patterns. Consulting is sold and purchased mainly on a word-of-mouth basis, with. relationships and previous experience being by far the most important factor. The major name-brand houses have locations in major cities and major markets, and essays de gobineua, executive-level managers or partners develop new business through. industry associations, business associations, and chambers of commerce and. industry, etc., even in style, some cases social associations such as country clubs. The medium-level houses are generally area-specific or function specific, and. College Essays About Culture! are not easily able to leverage their business through distribution. 4. 2. 3 Competition and Buying Patterns.
The key element in purchase decisions made at the Progressive client level is. trust in the professional reputation and reliability of the consulting firm. 4. 2. 4 Main Competitors. -The high-level prestige management consulting: Strengths: international locations managed by owner-partners with a high. level of presentation and understanding of general business. Ap English Essay Style! Enviable. reputations which make purchase of consulting an on world, easy decision for a manager, despite the ap english essay style very high prices. Weaknesses: General business knowledge doesn't. substitute for the specific market, channel, and distribution expertise of. Triangle, focusing on high-technology markets and products only.
Also, fees. Critical Analysis Essays On Poems! are extremely expensive, and work is style, generally done by very junior-level. consultants, even though sold by high-level partners. -The international market research company: Strengths: International offices, specific market knowledge, permanent staff. developing market research information on permanent basis, good relationships. with potential client companies. Weaknesses: market numbers are not marketing, not channel development or. market development. Although these companies compete for some of the business. Triangle is after, they cannot really offer the letter for us application same level of business. understanding at ap english a high level. -Market specific or function-specific experts. Strengths: expertise in market or functional areas. What Class In High! Triangle should not try. to ap english, compete with Normura or Select in their markets with market research, or. with ChannelCorp in channel management. Weaknesses: the inability to spread beyond a specific focus, or to rise.
above a specific focus, to provide actuial management expertise, experience, and wisdom beyond the specifics. The most significant competition is critical essays on poems, no consulting at all, companies choosing. to do business development and channel development and market research in- house. Strengths: no incremental cost except travel; also, the general work. is done by the people who are entirely responsible, the planning done by. Ap English Style! those who will implement. Weaknesses: most managers are terribly overburdened. already, unable to find incremental resources in time and analysis essays, people to apply to. incremental opportunities. Also, there is a lot of additional risk in market. development and ap english style, channel development done in house from the letter for us visa ground up. Finally, retainer-based antenna consultants can greatly enhance a company's. reach and extend its position into ap english essay, conversations that might otherwise never. hanve taken place. Essays On Joseph Arthur Comte! 4. 3 Market Analysis. As indicated by the illustrations, we must focus on a few thousand well- chosen potential customers in the United States,Europe, and Latin America.
These few thousand high-tech manufacturing companies are the key customers. Potential Customers Customers Growth rate. U.S. High Tech 5,000 10% European High Tech 1,000 15% Latin America 250 35% 5. 0 Strategy Summary. Progressive will focus on three geographical markets, the United States, Europe, and Latin America, and in limited product segments: personal. computers, software, networks, telecommunications, personal organizers, and. technology integration products. The target customer is usually a manager in. a larger corporation, and occasionally an owner or president of a medium- sized corporation in a high-growth period. 5. 1 Pricing Strategy. Progressive Consulting will be priced at the upper edge of what the market. will bear, competing with the name brand consultants. The pricing fits with. the general positioning of Triangle as high-level expertise. Consulting should be based on $5,000 per day for project consulting, $2,000. per day for market research, and $10,000 per month and up for retainer. Ap English Essay Style! consulting.
Market research reports should be priced at $5,000 per report, which will of argumentative essays hunger, course require that reports be very well planned, focused on. very important topics very well presented. 5. 2 Sales Forecast. The sales forecast monthly summary is included in the appendix. The annual. sales projections are included here in the following table. Sales 1995 1996 1997.
Retainer Consulting $200,000 $250,000 $325,000. Essay! Project Consulting $270,000 $325,000 $350,000. Market Research $122,000 $150,000 $200,000. Strategic Reports $0 $50,000 $125,000. Total Sales $592,000 $775,000 $1,000,000. On World! Cost of sales 1995 1996 1997. Retainer Consulting $30,000 $20,000 $30,000. Project Consulting $45,000 $25,000 $31,000.
Market Research $84,000 $45,000 $50,000. Strategic Reports $0 $20,000 $40,000. Total Cost of essay style, Sales $159,000 $110,000 $151,000. Editing Rates! 5. 3 Strategic Alliances. At this writing strategic alliances with Smith and Jones are possibilities, given the content of existing discussions. Given the background of. prospective partners, we might also be talking to European companies. including Siemens and Olivetti and others, and to ap english essay, United States companies. related to what is creative writing class, Apple Computer. In Latin America we would be looking at essay style the key. local high-technology vendors, beginning with Printaform. 6. 0 Management Summary.
The initial management team depends on the founders themselves, with little. back-up. As we grow we will take on on joseph arthur comte additional consulting help, plus graphic/ editorial, sales, and marketing. Essay Style! 6. 1 Organizational Structure. Progressive should be managed by working partners, in a structure taken. mainly from Smith Partners.
In the beginning we assume 3-5 partners: -At least one, probably two partners from Smith and Jones. -One strong European partner, based in Paris. The organization has to be very flat in the beginning, with each of the. founders reponsible for his or her own work and management. -One other strong partner. 6. Class School! 2 Management Team. The Progressive business requires a very high level of international. experience and expertise, which means that it will not be easily leveragable. in the common consulting company mode in which partners run the business and. make sales, while associates fulfill. Partners will necessarily be involved. in the fulfillment of the core business proposition, providing the expertise. The initial personnel plan is still tentative. It should involve 3-5. Ap English Style! partners, 1-3 consultants, 1 strong editorial/graphic person with good staff. support, 1 strong marketing person, an essays on world, office manager, and a secretary. Later we add more partners, consultants and and sales staff. Founders' resumes are included as an additional attachment to this plan.
6. 3 Personnel Plan. The detailed monthly personnel plan for the first year is included in the. appendices. Style! The annual personal estimates are included here as Table 5. Partners $144,000 $175,000 $200,000. Consultants $0 $50,000 $63,000. On Joseph Arthur! Editorial/graphic $18,000 $22,000 $26,000. VP Marketing $20,000 $50,000 $55,000. Essay Style! Sales people $0 $30,000 $33,000. Office Manager $7,500 $30,000 $33,000. Secretarial $5,250 $20,000 $22,000. Subtotal $194,750 $377,000 $432,000.
7. What Writing In High! 0 Financial Plan. We will maintain a conservative financial strategy, based on developing. capital for future growth. Ap English Style! 7. Recommendation Visa Application! 1 Important Assumptions. The table in this section summarizes key financial assumptions, including. 45-day average collection days, sales entirely on invoice basis, expenses. mainly on net 30 basis, 35 days on average for payment of invoices, and. present-day interest rates. Collection days 43 45 45. Payment Days 35 35 35. Short Term Interest Rate 8.00% 8.00% 8.00% Long Term Interest Rate 10.00% 10.00% 10.00% Payment days 35 35 35. Tax Rate Percent 0.00% Our writers are all Uni graduates able to style, work effectively on any level under time constraints. Well-versed in most subjects and citation styles, our writers have years of ghostwriting experience doing both academic and professional projects.
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non thesis program The material on this page represents the official policies of the Department of Biological Sciences. Please note that admission and essay, degree requirements and deadlines in college culture, the university catalog or on the Research and essay style, Graduate Studies Web page may be incomplete. Applicants and college admission, students must follow the guidelines below. In addition to the formal requirements, this page also includes practical information originally compiled in the Graduate Student Handbook. We hope that you can find the style, information you need on these pages. If not, please don't hesitate to analysis on poems, ask other graduate students, faculty, or the ap english essay style, graduate coordinator ( Dr. Admission Essays About Culture! Kyle Piller,404 Biology Building, 985-549-2191, email@example.com). Lastly, if you notice important areas that were omitted, please bring them to ap english, Dr. Piller's attention. Degree Requirements- Non-thesis Option.
Minimum requirements for the Master of Science Degree (without thesis) in Biology are: Students must complete thirty-six hours of approved courses in Biological Sciences, including four hours of Non-Thesis Research Problems (GBIO 661) and two hours of Seminar (GBIO 691). The student must earn at de gobineua least one-half (i.e., 50% or more) of ap english their total graduate credit from graduate courses at the 600-level. Credit from courses at the 500-level may be no more than 50% of total graduate credit. Also, no more than 10 hours of transfer credit can be applied to arthur comte de gobineua, the degree plan. Students may take up to eight hours of approved courses from essay, other departments at Southeastern. Essays On Joseph Arthur Comte! All degree requirements must be completed within six years.
Students must maintain a cumulative grade point average of 3.0 in all graduate work, as well as, no more than 6 hours with grades of C in ap english, the degree plan. Grades below a C are not accepted for graduate credit. Students must pass an oral or written comprehensive exam based on graduate coursework during the last semester and/or after 30 hours of completed coursework. Students must write a research paper based on the original research conducted in conjunction with GBIO 661. The paper must be approved by the Graduate Faculty advisor and the Non-Thesis Advisory Committee. Students must present an oral presentation to the Department based on admission essays original research conducted in conjunction GBIO 661.
The presentation must be approved by the Graduate Faculty advisor and the Non-Thesis Advisory Committee. Recommendation for degree must be approved by ap english style the Non-Thesis Advisory Committee, Graduate Coordinator, Department Head, and Graduate Dean. Completion of necessary paperwork including, but not limited to, the letter for us application, following: 1) Degree Plan; 2) Non-Thesis Research Agreement Form; 3) Application for Candidacy; and 4) Application for Graduation. NOTE: More details on these requirements are given below in Major Steps and Target Dates- Non-Thesis Option. Essay! It is the student's responsibility to keep abreast of any changes in these procedures. Grade Requirements, Probation, and Suspension.
Graduate students are expected to critical analysis, maintain a 3.0 grade point average. A student whose semester GPA is below 3.0 will be placed on ap english probation. Probation status will be retained as long as the student's cumulative grade-point average is below 3.0. A student on probation may not enroll in graduate courses for Pass/Fail and must achieve a 3.0 semester grade-point average during the next semester of enrollment (including the summer term) or be suspended from graduate studies. Application for readmission may be made after one semester of suspension by submitting the appropriate form (available from the Graduate Coordinator) to the Deanof Research and Graduate Studies. After a second suspension, the student must wait one calendar year before applying for letter for us visa readmission. A third suspension results in ap english essay, final expulsion from the essays, program without possibility for essay reapplication.
Graduate Program Personnel. This is the cast of characters relevant to graduate students (see also Graduate Faculty). The Department Head (Dr. Christopher Beachy) is the editing, administrative leader of the Department of Biological Sciences. With regard to the graduate program, his responsibilities include attending the thesis defense, approving the final copies of the thesis, appointing and supervising all teaching assistants, and approving all budget expenditures. Dean of Research and Graduate Studies. The Dean must approve and style, sign all forms pertaining to college admission about culture, teaching assistantship appointments and degree plans. Non-Thesis Advisory Committee. Major Steps and Target Dates- Non-Thesis Option.
These steps apply to all graduate students intending to complete a Master of Science Degree, Non-Thesis Option in Biological Sciences. Degree-seeking students must apply to the Department of Biological Sciences (see Applying). Acceptance into graduate school does not automatically assure acceptance into the graduate program in Biological Sciences. Departmental application deadlines are 1 December (to begin in the spring) and 1 February (to begin in the summer or fall). Applications submitted after these deadlines may be considered for acceptance on a case-by-case basis; however, late submissions potentially will not be considered until after the beginning of the essay style, following semester.
Departmental assistantships are generally not offered to non-thesis students, but students interested in applying should submit applications by college essays 1 December or 1 February. 2. File Proposed Degree Plan. New students should meet with a member of the Non-Thesis Advisory Committee to put together a degree plan. Essay Style! This form must be approved by the Graduate Coordinator and filed with the Office of Research and Graduate Studies by the beginning of the second semester of enrollment. 3. File Non-Thesis Research Agreement and Research Proposal. By the end of the first year of coursework, the student must arrange with a Graduate Faculty advisor to conduct a non-thesis research project. The project will count as four hours of GBIO 661 (Non-Thesis Research Problems).
In order to be eligible to register for GBIO 661, the student must submit the following paperwork to the Non-Thesis Advisory Committee: 1) a brief research proposal describing the project to be conducted that has been approved by the Graduate Faculty advisor and Non-Thesis Advisory Committee, and 2) a Non-Thesis Research Agreement form to college culture, be signed by the Graduate Faculty advisor and ap english essay style, the Non-Thesis Advisory Committee. The Non-Thesis Advisory Committee and the Graduate Faculty advisor must approve the project in letter application, advance. NOTE: Students will not be allowed to register for GBIO 661 until the appropriate paperwork has been approved and filed with the Non-Thesis Advisory Committee. Following submission and approval of the Non-Thesis Research Agreement by essay style the Non-Thesis Advisory Committee and Graduate Faculty advisor, the student will conduct the non-thesis research project according to the accepted proposal. GBIO 661 Non-Thesis Research Problems must be successfully completed no later than one semester prior to graduation. The research advisor will meet with the student to discuss the scope and format of the research paper; however, the research paper should be written in manuscript format typical of referred scientific journals (see addendum).
The Graduate Faculty advisor must approve the on joseph arthur, research paper before the ap english, research seminar can be scheduled. 6. Present a research seminar*. After completion of the research, the student will present a brief (20-30 minute) seminar to the Department describing the recommendation letter for us visa, work. Students must contact the style, Non-Thesis Advisory Committee to what is creative writing class school, arrange a seminar time. The seminar shall be conducted in a professional manner and must be approved by the Non-Thesis Advisory Committee. 7. Pass the comprehensive exam*.
After 30 hours, or in the last semester of coursework, students must pass a comprehensive oral or written exam based on graduate coursework. The exam will include questions from three to four faculty from whom the student has taken courses. Essay! Each exam section will be graded as 'high pass,' 'satisfactory,' or 'unsatisfactory' by the faculty member who conducted it. The student must receive an overall average of 'satisfactory' to pass the exam.Students not passing the exam may take it again the critical analysis, following semester. Students not passing the style, exam on the second attempt will be dismissed from the program. *NOTE: Students must successfully complete the comprehensive exam, seminar, and research paper submission prior to 1 November or 15 April in order to graduate during the letter for us application, fall or spring semesters, respectively. 8. Complete all course requirements and ap english essay, correct all deficiencies. Please be advised that students will be given only ONE opportunity to repeat the comprehensive exam and/or seminar in the event of an unsatisfactory performance prior to dismissal from the college about culture, Program. Graduation Forms are available from the Office of Research and Graduate Studies.
Application deadlines will be around the second week of each semester, and will include a $10 non-refundable diploma fee due at the time of submission. Essay! The student must reapply for graduation and pay the on world, fees if he/she does not graduate as planned. As part of the exit procedure, students are required to essay, fill out an exit survey and/or complete other Departmental exit forms. In practice, the critical, best way to ensure that all administrative details are followed correctly is to ap english style, talk to students who have recently graduated from the Program. Lastly, stay informed because it is possible to overlooked a minor detail that will ultimately preclude graduation for a semester.
Below are guidelines for essays hunger preparing a research paper and presentation of a research seminar. Follow the essay style, stated guidelines for 'manuscript submission and preparation' from a representative referred scientific journal from the biological sciences. Admission Essays About! For example, the Journal of Medical Entomology (J. Med. Entomol.) requires the ap english style, following sections: Abstract, Introduction, Material and Methods, Results, Discussion, Acknowledgements, and References Cited. In addition, information on how to insert citations in the text, construction of essays about culture figures and tables, use of scientific names and authorship, etc. will be outlined in the journal's guidelines. Overall, be sure that the paper is written according to the rules of scientific writing. The research seminar should be between 20 to 30 minutes (maximum) and should have the following format: Introduction stating background information, hypothesis, research objectives, etc.; Materials and Methods; Results; and ap english essay style, Discussion. A complete listing of tuition and fees for recommendation for us application SLU graduate students is available from the registrar's office. In general, students holding Graduate Assistantships(GA) (see Financial support below) have all of their in- and out-of-state tuition waived, and are responsible only for paying registration fees.
Students without GAs must pay tuition in addition to essay style, these fees. Fees tend to change from semester to rates, semester; see the Graduate Coordinator, a current catalog, or the university home page for additional details. Qualified graduate students can apply for essay style teaching assistantships (TAs). These provide a complete tuition waiver (in and out-of-state) plus a stipend for teaching laboratory sections of undergraduate courses. Admission About! The minimum stipend for a TA is currently $2200, but most semesters we are able to ap english style, offer about $3000. Many TAs also receive some support during the summer, usually about $1000 plus tuition. Application! TAs are generally required to style, devote 20 hours per week to duties assigned by the Department Head and analysis essays on poems, Graduate Coordinator. TAs must be enrolled full time, for at ap english essay style least 6 credits in the spring and fall and essays arthur comte de gobineua, 3 credits in the summer.
We know that this support is style, low; we are actively campaigning to the administration for higher stipends. Some graduate faculty offer additional support to their students through research grants. Salary and responsibilities are determined by the nature of the research project. Essays! In other cases, students receive Research Assistantships (RA's) instead of teaching. Teaching assistantships are awarded on a competitive basis.
The graduate faculty will rank the candidates according to several criteria including GRE scores, grade point average, letters of recommendation, and the selected discipline of the student. Usually the department will be committed to the financial support of selected teaching assistants for a period of two years, provided adequate funds are available and the student is making satisfactory progress toward the essay style, degree. Financial support will be extended for a third year if the student is making satisfactory progress towards the on joseph comte de gobineua, degree. In practice, this support is usually extended, so a Regular status TA making acceptable progress can count on six semesters of support. Teaching assistants, as well as other graduate students, are expected to present themselves and act in a manner which is a credit to the teaching profession. This should include the wearing of appropriate attire during their periods of classroom instruction and essay, adherence to the University's professional code of ethics.
Other forms of financial aid may be available to some students in the form of fellowships or scholarships. For additional information, contact the Graduate Coordinator or the campus Financial Aid Office. Graduate students in the Department of Biological Sciences are bound by the ethical standards given below. On Joseph De Gobineua! Teaching Assistants should also be cognizant of the specific responsibilities which accompany their position. 1) All students should be committed to upholding general standards of professional conduct. Ap English! Fabrication of data, plagiarism, receiving prohibited outside assistance with graded assignments, and critical analysis, cheating on exams are considered to be extremely serious breaches of conduct that will result in the immediate dismissal of the student from the program. Students having specific knowledge that other members of the ap english essay style, department have violated this code of dissertation editing ethics are honor-bound to report such violations to their Major Professor or the Graduate Coordinator immediately. If you are unable to fulfill this obligation, then you should not attend this university. 2) Students should deal seriously and conscientiously with teaching assignments, including careful planning of courses, preparation of ap english essay lectures, regularity in meeting scheduled classes, clearly informing students of course requirements and the grading system, and fair and letter for us, impartial grading according to standards established by the University. 3) Teaching Assistants must recognize that students deserve respect as individuals and that they have certain rights that must be protected. This includes courteous treatment of students in class and during office hours.
4) Students should recognize that the Teaching Assistant serves as a model and exercises a great influence in shaping the ap english essay, minds of students. Argumentative Essays On World Hunger! The teacher must set a high standard in essay, academic and professional excellence, personal integrity, and professional ethics. 5) Teaching Assistants should recognize that in his or her influential position in the classroom he or she is morally and ethically bound not to introduce into essays on joseph arthur de gobineua the classes discussions of subject matter outside the scope of the course and not within the field of his or her professional competence. Violation of the Code of essay Ethics may be grounds for termination of the assistantship or dismissal from the University. Teaching equipment and supplies. Materials needed for teaching are available for argumentative essays on world all TAs. Expendable office supplies are available at essay style the departmental office. More specialized supplies are generally available in the lab where you teach, or can be ordered by Frank Campo, General Biology Lab Coordinator.
Check with him if you lack something you feel is essential. Equipment such as overhead projectors, video recorders, movie projectors, and slide projectors are available through the departmental office and the Center for Faculty Excellence. You should make your needs known to office personnel at least an hour prior to class. With few exceptions, the department does not maintain a centralized equipment storage area; equipment for research is generally made available through specific faculty members. Normally, the department will pay postage for critical essays on poems professional mailings such as submission of manuscripts, requests for essay information from colleagues, registration for meetings, etc. All mail must have a Biology Department return address and budget number (1125), and be placed in the outgoing mailbox in the main office. On Poems! Mail is normally delivered to the SLU post office in style, the mid-afternoon. All graduate students are provided with a departmental mailbox, located in editing, the Biology office. Ap English Essay! Mail is usually delivered in the late morning. The department address should not be used for personal mail unrelated to graduate program or department activities.
Telephones for local calls are available in the graduate student offices. Graduate students may also use the phone in the department office for their professional long-distance calls. With permission, students may also utilize their Major Professor's phone for professional calls. Long-distance personal calls are not permitted. The department has two vehicles for essays research and class field trip use: a pickup truck and a 15 passenger van. Regulations regarding the use of these vehicles are available through the departmental office.
Students wishing to use these vehicles must have completed the University Driver's Education Course, and must reserve the vehicles ahead of time. The Department Head must approve all requests for using the departmental vehicles. Style! University vehicles may be requested through the Physical Plant, by completing a University Reservation Request. Both the dissertation editing services rates, department Head and the Physical Plant must approve this request. Driving the 15-passenger van requires a chauffeur's license. Materials for the courses you are teaching may be duplicated without permission, as may brief professional materials.
Students may not copy books, monographs, or other lengthy materials without the permission of the Major Professor or the Department Head. A) Preferred Procedure--Obtain and fill out a Xerox Request Form from the office.Take the form and the originals to The Document Source in the Student Union. B) Alternative Procedure--If you have missed the 24 hour deadline, use a xerox card and copy machine in room 329 Biology Building. This card should also work in the library. NOTE: It is ap english, assumed that students will use this service responsibly. Failure to follow these procedures will result in permanent loss of xeroxing privileges. Graduate students may acquire keys to the buildings, their offices, general laboratories in which they teach, and other specialized facilities (e.g. the museum, herbarium) if their work requires access to them. Request keys using a Service Request form, available at the Department office.
DO THIS IMMEDIATELY UPON ARRIVAL ON CAMPUS! KEY REQUESTS TAKE A MINIMUM OF ONE WEEK TO BE FILLED. When the keys are ready, you must go to the Physical Plant to on poems, pick them up. There is no charge to get keys, but you must return all of ap english them in dissertation editing services rates, order to essay, graduate. If you have lost any, you will be charged dearly so that the locks and keys for admission essays culture everyone else can be changed. Students should understand that use of departmental stationery implies the approval of the university. Ap English Essay! Thus, letters expressing the admission, personal viewpoint of the student (e.g., letters to the editors, etc.) should not be written on letterhead without the approval of the Department Head. Use of departmental letterhead in essay, an unauthorized manner may result in severe disciplinary action. All library materials are centrally located in Sims Memorial Library. The Reference Department, Interlibrary Loan, Card Catalog and Circulation Desk are located on the first floor.
The reading room on the second floor contains the current, unbound issues of all journals. Microfilm and microfilm readers are located in this room. The audio-visual center and microcomputer lab are also located on the second floor. The third floor houses bound journals and government documents. Books are located on the library's fourth floor. In addition to housing an good collection of biological journals, the library has an Interlibrary Loan service for the convenience of faculty and arthur comte de gobineua, student researchers.
Most articles requested through interlibrary loan are provided without charge, although a fee is required for certain articles. Other computer searches are available and can be requested at the Reference Desk. Of all available searches, the style, most useful for most biology graduate students is rates, BIOSIS, which searches Biological Abstracts. An added advantage of BIOSIS searches is that they are conducted without charge to the user! Be sure to tell them that you are conducting a graduate research project, or you may be charged for the service. Many faculty and essay, graduate students also take advantage of the dissertation editing services, convenience of having the LSU Middleton Library within one hour's drive of campus. Research with Animals or Wild Plants. All research conducted by SLU faculty and essay style, students is subject to regulations established by the Institutional Review Board (IRB) and the Institutional Animal Care and admission essays, Use Committee (IACUC).
The IRB reviews research protocols that involve human participants, and hazardous or controlled substances, and the IACUC, protocols involving non-human vertebrate animals. Ap English! These committees evaluate the ethical, safety, and legal implications of college essays about research and style, classroom activities conducted by individuals affiliated with Southeastern. This review process is intended to what writing class, protect the researcher/instructor by ensuring proper adherence to guidelines and regulations. Essay! The policies and procedures followed by the IRB and IACUC exist to guide individuals in the ethical and legal responsibilities set forth by federal and state governmental statutes and by the University. Please visit the IRB or IACUC web sites to obtain forms or contact the IRB and on world hunger, IACUC representatives for ap english style more information. Graduate students in Biology are automatic members of this organization, the purpose of which is to provide graduate students the opportunity for exchanging information, getting acquainted, and for official representation in departmental and university business. Recently, the for us, organization has recommended future graduate courses, has held various socials and field trips, and has received financial support through the university Student Government Association for members to style, present papers,attend scientific meetings, and invite distinguished scientists to the Biology Department Seminar Series. All graduate students are encouraged to participate in this important professional society. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION, CONTACT: Dept. of Biological Sciences. Southeastern Louisiana University.
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How to Score a 9 on an AP English Essay: 14 Steps (with Pictures)
A CRITICAL STUDY OF THE SYMPHONIES OF BEETHOVEN. Translated by Michel Austin. Some thirty six or seven years ago, Beethoven’s works, which at the time were completely unknown in France, were tried out at the Opera’s concerts spirituels . Today it would be hard to believe the storm of criticism from the majority of style, musicians that greeted this wonderful music. It was described as bizarre, incoherent, diffuse, bristling with harsh modulations and letter for us application, wild harmonies, bereft of melody, over the top, too noisy, and horribly difficult to play. Ap English! To satisfy the demands of the men of comte de gobineua, good taste who at the time held sway at the Academie royale de musique , M. Habeneck, who later organised and directed with such care the performance of the symphonies at ap english the Conservatoire, found himself obliged to make monstrous cuts in them, of a kind that would only be tolerated in a ballet by Gallemberg or an opera by argumentative essays on world hunger Gaveaux. Without such corrections Beethoven would not have been granted the honour of appearing on the programme of the concerts spirituels between a solo for bassoon and a flute concerto. At the first hearing of those passages that had been marked with a red pencil, Kreutzer took to essay style flight blocking his ears, and he had to summon all his courage to steel himself to listen at the other rehearsals to what was left of the symphony in D major (no. 2). Let us not forget that M. Kreutzer’s opinion on Beethoven was shared by ninety nine per cent of essays on joseph arthur, musicians in ap english Paris at the time, and that without the persistent efforts of the tiny fraction who took the opposite view, the greatest composer of modern times would probably still be largely unknown today.
The mere fact that fragments of Beethoven were performed at the Opera was therefore of considerable significance, and we can state this with good reason, since without this the Societe des concerts du Conservatoire would probably not have been founded. The credit for this noble institution belongs to this small group of intelligent men and to the public. Rates! The public – I mean the true public, which does not belong to ap english essay any particular clique – is guided by recommendation application its own feelings and not by narrow ideas or any ridiculous theories it may have conceived on art. Essay Style! That public, which is often mistaken in its judgments, since it frequently changes its mind, was struck at the outset by some of de gobineua, Beethoven’s salient qualities. It did not ask whether this particular modulation was related to another, whether certain harmonies were acceptable to pundits , nor whether it was admissible to use certain rhythms which were as yet unknown. All it noticed was that these rhythms, harmonies and modulations, adorned with noble and passionate melodies, and enhanced by powerful orchestral writing, exerted on it a strong impression of a completely novel kind. Nothing more was needed to stimulate its applause. Essay Style! Only at rare intervals does our French public experience the keen and incandescent emotion that the art of visa application, music can generate; but when its emotions are truly stirred, nothing can equal its gratitude for the artist who caused this, whoever he may be.
Thus from its first appearance, the famous allegretto in A minor of the seventh symphony, which had been inserted in the second to make the rest palatable , was judged at its true worth by ap english the audience at the concerts spirituels . A loud clamour arose for writing in high school, the piece to be repeated, and at the second performance the first movement and scherzo of the essay style symphony in D (no. 2), which at first hearing had made little impression, scored an almost comparable success. The obvious interest in Beethoven that the public began to admission essays about culture show from then on doubled the ap english essay style energy of his defenders and reduced to inaction, if not to silence, the majority of his detractors. Little by little, thanks to these glimmerings of dawn which tell the clear-sighted on which side the essays on joseph arthur comte sun is about to rise, the core of supporters increased in size and the result was the foundation, almost entirely for ap english essay, Beethoven’s sake, of the magnificent Societe du Conservatoire , which nowadays has scarcely a rival in the world. We will attempt to analyse the symphonies of this great master, starting with the first symphony which the Conservatoire performs so rarely. Essays De Gobineua! Through its form, melodic style, and style, the spareness of its harmonic and orchestral writing, this work is quite different from the admission essays about other compositions of Beethoven which followed. Essay! In writing this symphony the composer was evidently under the influence of what writing class, Mozart’s ideas, which he has throughout imitated ingeniously and at times magnified. But in the first and second movements one can notice from time to time certain rhythmic patterns which the author of Don Giovanni has admittedly used, but very rarely and in ap english style a much less striking way.
The first allegro has a six bar theme, which though not very distinctive in itself, acquires interest subsequently through the skilful way in which it is treated. Dissertation Services! It is followed by a transitional melody of a rather undistinguished style. A half-cadence which is repeated three or four times leads to a passage for wind instruments with imitations at essay style the fourth above. It is all the more surprising to find this here, as it was often used before in several overtures to French operas. The andante includes a soft accompaniment for timpani which nowadays seems rather commonplace, but which can nevertheless be seen as the is creative class forerunner of the striking effects which Beethoven was to produce later with this instrument, which his predecessors had in general used to little or no purpose. This piece is essay style, full of charm; the theme is arthur, graceful and lends itself well to fugal developments, through which the composer has been able to ap english exploit it in ingenious and admission culture, witty ways. The scherzo is the first born in this family of delightful musical jests (scherzi), a form invented by Beethoven who established its tempo. In almost all his instrumental works it takes the place of the minuet of Mozart and ap english, Haydn, which is only half the speed of the scherzo and very different in character.
This one is delightful in its freshness, nimbleness, and charm. It is the college admission about only really novel piece in this work, in which the poetic idea, which plays such a large and rich part in the majority of works which followed, is essay style, completely absent. Editing Services! This is admirably crafted music, clear, alert, but lacking in strong personality, cold and sometimes rather small-minded, as for example in the final rondo, which has the character of a musical amusement. Ap English! In a word, this is not Beethoven. We are about to visa meet him. Everything in this symphony is noble, energetic and proud; the introduction ( largo ) is a masterpiece. The most beautiful effects follow in quick succession, always in style unexpected ways but without causing any confusion.
The melody has a touching solemnity; from the very first bars it commands respect and dissertation rates, sets the emotional tone. Rhythms are now more adventurous, the orchestral writing richer, more sonorous and ap english style, varied. This wonderful adagio leads to an allegro con brio which has a sweeping vitality. The grupetto in the first bar of the theme played by rates violas and cellos in unison is subsequently developed it its own right, either to ap english essay generate surging crescendo passages or to bring about imitations between wind and strings, all of them at once novel and recommendation for us visa, lively in character. Ap English! In the middle comes a melody, played by clarinets, horns and dissertation editing rates, bassoons for the first half, and rounded off as a tutti by the rest of the orchestra; it has a masculine energy which is further enhanced by the felicitous choice of accompanying chords. The andante is not treated in the same way as that of the first symphony; instead of a theme developed in canonical imitation it consists of a pure and innocent theme, presented at first plainly by the strings, then exquisitely embellished with delicate strokes; they faithfully reproduce the tender character of the main theme. This is the enchanting depiction of innocent joy, scarcely troubled by passing touches of melancholy. Ap English Style! The scherzo is as openly joyful in its capricious fantasy as the andante was completely happy and college about culture, calm. Everything in this symphony smiles, and essay style, even the martial surges of the first allegro are free from any hint of violence; they only speak of the youthful ardour of a noble heart which has preserved intact the most beautiful illusions of life.
The author still believes in immortal glory, in love, in devotion… What abandonment in his joy, what wit, what exuberance! The various instruments fight over particles of a theme which none of them plays in full, yet each fragment is coloured in essays on joseph comte de gobineua a thousand different ways by being tossed from one instrument to the other. To hear this is like witnessing the enchanted sport of essay, Oberon’s graceful spirits. The finale is of the same character: it is a scherzo in double time, perhaps even more delicate and essays arthur, witty in its playfulness. It is a serious mistake to truncate the title which the composer provided for ap english, the symphony.
It reads: Heroic symphony to commemorate the memory of a great man . As will be seen, the subject here is not battles or triumphal marches, as many, misled by the abbreviated title, might expect, but rather deep and serious thoughts, melancholy memories, ceremonies of is creative writing class, imposing grandeur and sadness, in short a funeral oration for a hero. Ap English Essay! I know few examples in writing in high school music of a style where sorrow has been so unfailingly conveyed in forms of such purity and such nobility of expression. Ap English Essay! The first movement is in triple time and in dissertation rates a tempo which is almost that of a waltz, yet nothing could be more serious and essay style, more dramatic than this allegro . The energetic theme on which it is admission essays culture, built is not at style first presented in its complete form. Contrary to normal practice, the composer has initially provided only a glimpse of his melodic idea, which is only revealed in its full power after a few bars’ introduction. The rhythmic writing is extremely striking in the frequent use of class, syncopation and, through the essay style stress on essays on joseph arthur comte, the weak beat, the insertion of bars in duple time into bars in triple time.
When to this irregular rhythm some harsh dissonances are added, as we find towards the middle of the development section, where the first violins play a high F natural against an E natural, the fifth of the chord of A minor, it is difficult not to shudder at this depiction of ap english, indomitable fury. This is the voice of despair and almost of rage. Yet one wonders, Why this despair, Why this rage? The reason for it is not obvious. Then in the next bar the essays on world hunger orchestra suddenly calms down, as though, exhausted by its own outburst, its strength was abruptly deserting it.
A gentler passage follows, which evokes all the most painful feelings that memory can stir in ap english style the mind. Critical Analysis Essays On Poems! It is style, impossible to argumentative essays on world hunger describe or merely to ap english indicate the multiplicity of melodic and harmonic guises in which Beethoven presents his theme. We will only mention an extremely odd case, which has caused a great deal of argument. The French publisher corrected it in what is creative class in high his edition of the score, in the belief it was an engraving error, but after further enquiry the passage was reinstated. The first and second violins on their own are playing tremolando a major second (B flat, A flat), part of the chord of the seventh on the dominant of E flat, when a horn gives the impression of having made a mistake by coming in ap english essay style four bars too soon, and rudely intrudes with the beginning of the main theme which consists only of the notes E flat, G, E flat, B flat.
The strange effect produced by this melody built on the three notes of the tonic chord against the two discordant notes of the dominant chord can easily be imagined, even though the distance between the parts greatly softens the clash. But just as the analysis on poems ear is about to protest against this anomaly, an energetic tutti cuts off the horn, ends piano on the tonic chord and ap english style, gives way to letter for us application the entry of the ap english style cellos which then play the dissertation editing services rates complete theme with the appropriate harmony. Taking a detached view it is difficult to find a serious justification for this musical caprice*. But it is said that the essay style author attached much importance to dissertation services it. It is even related that at the first rehearsal of the style symphony, M. Ries who was present stopped the orchestra and exclaimed: Too early, too early, the is creative class in high horn is wrong!.
As a reward for his indiscretion, he was roundly taken to task by ap english a furious Beethoven. *However you look at it, if that was really what Beethoven wanted, and if there is any truth in essays on world the anecdotes which circulate on the subject, it must be admitted that this whim is an absurdity. There is no comparable oddity in the rest of the score. The funeral march is a drama in its own right. It is like a translation of Virgil’s beautiful lines on the funeral procession of the young Pallas: Multaque praeterea Laurentis praemia pugnae. Adgerat, et longo praedam jubet ordine duci. Post bellator equus, positis insignibus, Aethon. It lacrymans, guttisque humectat grandibus ora. The ending in particular is deeply moving. The theme of the march returns, but now in a fragmented form, interspersed with silences, and only accompanied by three pizzicato notes in the double basses. Ap English Style! When these tatters of the sad melody, left on their own, bare, broken and lifeless, have collapsed one after the other onto the tonic, the wind instruments utter a final cry, the what is creative writing class school last farewell of the warriors to their companion in arms, and the whole orchestra fades away on a pianissimo pause.
Following normal practice the third movement is entitled scherzo . In Italian the word means play, or jest. At first sight it is hard to essay see how this kind of music can find a place in this epic composition. It has to be heard to be understood. The piece does indeed have the rhythm and tempo of on world, a scherzo ; these are games, but real funeral games, constantly darkened by thoughts of death, games of the kind that the warriors of the style Iliad would celebrate around the tombs of their leaders. Even in his most imaginative orchestral developments Beethoven has been able to preserve the serious and on joseph arthur de gobineua, sombre colouring, the deep sadness which of course had to predominate in such a subject. The finale is just a continuation of the same poetical idea. There is a very striking example of orchestral writing at the beginning, which illustrates the kind of effect that can be produced by essay style juxtaposing different instrumental timbres. The violins play a B flat, which is letter for us visa, immediately taken up by flutes and oboes as a kind of ap english style, echo.
Although the sound is played at the same dynamic level, at the same speed and with the same force, the dialogue produces such a great difference between the notes that the nuance between them might be likened to the contrast between blue and purple . Such tonal refinements were completely unknown before Beethoven, and it is to him that we owe them. For all its great variety this finale is nevertheless built on a simple fugal theme. Besides a profusion of dissertation editing rates, ingenious details the ap english style composer develops on top of it two other themes, one of analysis essays on poems, which is ap english style, exceptionally beautiful. The melody is as it were derived from a different one, but its shape conceals this. On the contrary it is much more touching and expressive, far more graceful than the original theme, which has rather the character of a bass line and serves this function very well. College About Culture! This melody returns shortly before the ap english essay style end, in a slower tempo and with different harmonies which further enhance its sad character. The hero costs many a tear. After these final regrets devoted to his memory the poet abandons the elegiac tone and intones with rapture a hymn of glory.
Though rather brief this conclusion is letter for us application, very brilliant and ap english essay, provides a fitting crown to the musical monument. Beethoven may have written more striking works than this symphony, and several of college about, his other compositions make a greater impact on the public. But it has to be admitted that the Eroica symphony is so powerful in ap english essay style its musical thought and execution, its style so energetic and so constantly elevated, and its form so poetic, that it is the equal of the editing composer’s very greatest works. Whenever this symphony is ap english essay style, performed I am overcome with feelings of deep and as it were antique sadness; yet the public seems hardly moved. One must feel sorry for the predicament of the artist: though fired with such enthusiasm he has not managed to make himself intelligible even to an elite audience and make it rise it to the level of his own inspiration. This is all the more regrettable as in other circumstances this same audience warms up to the composer and shares his emotion and tears. Argumentative Hunger! It is fired with an ap english essay ardent and genuine passion for some of his compositions, which may be equally worthy of on joseph de gobineua, admiration but are nevertheless no more beautiful than this work.
It appreciates at its true worth the allegretto in A minor of the seventh symphony, the allegretto scherzando of the eighth, the finale of the fifth, the scherzo of the ninth. It even appears to essay style be deeply moved by the funeral march of this symphony – the Eroica . But as far as the first movement is concerned, there is letter visa, no escaping the truth, and I have observed this for ap english essay style, more than twenty years: the public listens to it with composure, regards it as a well crafted and college essays about, quite powerful piece, but beyond that … nothing. There is style, no point in philosophising. It is letter visa, no good saying to oneself that the same has always been true everywhere for style, all artistic creations of an college admission essays culture elevated kind, that the springs of poetic emotion are hidden and difficult to fathom, that the feeling for beauty which some individuals possess is completely absent from the essay masses, even that it cannot possibly be otherwise… None of this provides any consolation or can appease the anger – call it instinctive, involuntary, even absurd if you like – which fills one’s heart at the sight of dissertation editing rates, a misunderstood masterpiece, of a composition of such nobility which the crowd observes but does not see, listens to but does not hear, and allows to pass by with hardly a sideways glance, as though dealing with something mediocre or ordinary. It is dreadful to have to say to oneself with total certainty: what I find beautiful is beauty itself for me, but may not be so for my best friend. Ap English Style! Someone who normally feels the same way as I do will be affected in editing services quite a different way. It may be that the work which sends me into raptures, makes me shiver, and moves me to tears, leaves him cold, or even annoys and irritates him… The majority of great poets have no feeling for music and only enjoy melodies of a trivial or childish character. Many intelligent people, who think they like music, have no idea of the emotions it can stir.
These are painful truths, but they are tangible and obvious, and only a peculiar kind of obstinacy prevents one from recognising them. I have seen a bitch howling with pleasure on essay style, hearing a major third played in double stopping on a violin, yet her pups have never reacted in a similar way, whether you play them a third, a fifth, a sixth, an octave, or any other consonant or discordant chord. Whatever the composition of the public, it always reacts to great musical conceptions in admission essays the same way as that bitch and her pups. There are nerves that react to certain vibrations, but this ability to respond, incomplete as it is, is not equally disseminated and is subject to innumerable variations. Ap English Essay Style! It follows that it is virtual lunacy to rely on some artistic means rather than others to affect it and that the dissertation rates best a composer can do is to remain blindly true to his own feelings and resign himself in advance to all the whims of ap english style, fortune. One day I was walking out argumentative, of the Conservatoire with three or four dilettanti after a performance of the Choral symphony. – How do you find this work? one of them asked me. – Immense! magnificent! overwhelming! – That is strange, I was bored stiff. And what about ap english style, you? he added, turning to an Italian… – Well, I find this unintelligible, or rather intolerable, there is no melody… But here are some papers talking about it, and let us see what they say: – Beethoven’s Choral symphony is the pinnacle of modern music; art has yet to produce anything comparable for the nobility of its style, the grandeur of the design and admission essays, the finish of the details. (Another paper) – Beethoven’s Choral symphony is ap english essay style, a monstrosity. (Another paper) – This work is not completely barren of ideas, but they are poorly presented and the sum total is incoherent and argumentative, devoid of charm. (Another paper) – Beethoven’s Choral symphony has some wonderful passages, but the composer was obviously short of inspiration. As his exhausted imagination let him down he had to devote his energies, sometimes to good effect, to making up through craftsmanship what he was lacking in inspiration. The few themes found in the work are superbly treated and ap english essay style, set out in a perfectly clear and logical sequence.
In short, it is a very interesting work by a tired genius . On Joseph De Gobineua! Where is the truth, and where is the error? Everywhere and nowhere. Everybody is right. What to someone seems beautiful is essay style, not so for someone else, simply because one person was moved and college admission essays, the other remained indifferent, and the former experienced profound delight while the latter acute boredom. What can be done about this?… nothing… but it is dreadful; I would rather be mad and believe in absolute beauty. Beethoven forsakes here completely the ap english tones of is creative writing class in high school, epic and elegy to return to the less elevated, less sombre, though perhaps no less difficult style of the second symphony. The tone of this score is ap english style, generally lively, alert, and joyful, or of a heavenly gentleness. Leaving aside the brooding adagio which serves as an introduction the recommendation letter visa first movement is almost wholly dedicated to essay joy. On Joseph Comte! The theme in detached notes with which the allegro begins is no more than a canvas on which the composer lays out subsequently other more substantial melodies, and what looked at the start of the style movement like the principal theme is made to appear of secondary importance.
Though it leads to unusual and interesting results, this device had already been used by Mozart and Haydn with comparable success. Essays On Joseph Arthur De Gobineua! But in the second part of the same allegro a really new melody is introduced, the first bars of which arrest the listener’s attention, draw him into its mysterious developments then surprise him with its unexpected conclusion. This is what happens. After a fairly vigorous tutti, the first violins break the opening theme into style, fragments which they turn into a dialogue pianissimo with the essays on world second violins. This leads to held notes on the dominant seventh of the ap english style key of B natural, each of which is separated by two bars of silence, filled only by a soft tremolo on the timpani on the note B flat, the enharmonic major third of the fundamental F sharp.
The passage is repeated, then the timpani fall silent and leave the strings murmuring gently other fragments of the theme, and a new enharmonic modulation leads to a six-four chord of B flat. The timpani re-enter on the same note, now the genuine tonic and not as before the leading note, and continue with the tremolo for some twenty bars. The tonal force of this B flat hardly registers initially, but gradually increases as the is creative writing class school tremolo is prolonged. Then the other instruments intersperse their forward momentum with short and incomplete fragments under the continuous rumble of the timpani, and this leads to a general forte where the perfect chord of B flat is finally established in all its majesty in ap english style the full orchestra. This astonishing crescendo is one of the letter visa happiest inspirations we know in music. The only passage that could be compared is the conclusion of the famous scherzo of the symphony in C minor, though despite its overwhelming impact it is not conceived on such a vast scale, as it starts from piano to reach the final explosion but without departing from the ap english essay style home key, whereas the crescendo we have just described starts mezzo forte , disappears for a while in a pianissimo under harmonies of constantly vague and indeterminate colour, then reappears with chords in a more defined tonality, and editing rates, only bursts out when the cloud obscuring this modulation has completely dissipated. It is like a river whose peaceful flow vanishes suddenly from ap english sight and only re-emerges from its underground course to come crashing down in a foaming waterfall. As for the adagio , it defies analysis… So pure are the forms, so angelic the expression of the melody and so irresistibly tender, that the prodigious skill of the craftsmanship is completely hidden from analysis view. From the very first bars one is ap english style, gripped by emotion which by the end has reached an unbearable pitch of intensity. It is only among one of the college admission culture giants of poetry that it is essay style, possible to find something to essays on joseph compare to essay this sublime movement from the giant of music.
Nothing resembles more the application impression made by essay this adagio than the feelings one experiences when reading the touching episode of Francesca di Rimini in the Divina Commedia , the narrative of which Virgil cannot hear without bursting into tears, and which at the last verse causes Dante to fall, just as a dead body collapses . This movement seems to have been breathed by the archangel Michael when, seized with a fit of melancholy, he contemplated the universe, standing on the threshold of the empyrean. Critical Essays On Poems! The scherzo consists almost entirely of phrases in two beats that are forced to fit into the framework of bars in triple time. Beethoven has used this device frequently and ap english style, it imparts considerable vitality to the music. Melodic endings become as a result more incisive and unexpected; in any case, these cross-rhythms have in themselves real charm, though it is difficult to admission about explain why. There is special pleasure in seeing the beat dislocated in this way yet coming together again at the end of each period, and the musical logic though temporarily suspended eventually reaching a satisfactory conclusion and a complete solution. The melody of the trio , played by the wind section, has exquisite freshness. Essay Style! The tempo is slower than that of the rest of the scherzo , and its simplicity gains extra elegance from the teasing little phrases delightfully tossed by the violins over the harmonic texture. Recommendation Letter Application! The finale is joyful and alert and essay, restricts itself to normal rhythmic forms. It consists of a jingle of scintillating notes in a continuous chatter, sometimes interrupted by a few raucous and wild chords, another example of those angry outbursts to which we have already drawn attention with this composer. This, without doubt the most famous of the symphonies, is also in our opinion the first in which Beethoven gave wings to letter visa application his vast imagination without being guided by or relying on any external source of inspiration. In the first, second and fourth symphonies, he has more or less enlarged already existing forms, suffusing them with all the poetry his youthful vigour was capable of adding in ap english essay terms of brilliant and passionate inspiration.
In the third (the Eroica ) the forms are admittedly broadened and the musical thought rises to great heights, yet there is no mistaking the influence of one of editing rates, those divine poets whom the great artist had long worshipped in his heart. Beethoven, faithful to the precept of Horace: «Nocturna versate manu, versate diurna», regularly read Homer, and in his magnificent musical epic, inspired, it is said rightly or wrongly, by a contemporary hero, the memories of the ancient Iliad self-evidently play a wonderfully beautiful part. By contrast the essay style C minor symphony seems to arise directly and solely from Beethoven’s own genius. In it he develops his own intimate thoughts, it is about his secret suffering, his concentrated anger, his dreams full of such sad despair, his nocturnal visions, his outbursts of enthusiasm. The forms taken by melody, harmony, rhythm and the orchestral writing are as substantially individual and novel as they are powerful and noble.
The first movement depicts those turbulent feelings which move a great soul seized with despair – not the is creative class in high school calm and concentrated despair which has an air of resignation, nor the ap english style sombre and silent despair of Romeo learning of the essays on world death of Juliet, but rather the essay style terrifying fury of for us visa, Othello when he hears from the mouth of Iago the ap english style poisonous calumnies which convince him of Desdemona’s crime. At times the mood is one of frenzied delirium which breaks out in terrifying cries, at admission others one of exaggerated despair which can express nothing but regret and self-pity. Listen to essay style those orchestral hiccoughs, the chords exchanged between wind and what school, strings which grow fainter as they come and go, like the ap english painful breathing of a dying man, then give way to a violent gesture, where the orchestra seems to for us rise again revived by essay style a flash of anger. Class! See how this quivering orchestral mass hesitates for a moment before plunging headlong, divided into two fiery unisons like two streams of lava. Can you deny that this passionate style of writing is beyond and above everything that had been written before in orchestral music? There is a striking example in this movement of the essay effect produced by is creative class in high the occasionally excessive doubling of ap english, parts and of the admission raw character of the chord of style, a fourth on the supertonic, in other words the analysis essays on poems second inversion of the dominant. It occurs frequently without preparation or resolution, and once even without the leading note and on a pause: the low D is in all the string voices, while there is a bare and dissonant G on top in essay style some wind parts. The character of the adagio is rather reminiscent of the allegretto in A minor of the seventh symphony and of the slow movement in E flat of the fourth.
It has the solemn melancholy of the former, and the touching grace of the latter. The theme played first by the cellos and letter for us visa, violas in unison, with a simple pizzicato accompaniment in the double basses, is followed by a passage for wind instruments which keeps returning in essay identical form and in the same key from editing rates beginning to end of the movement, whatever the successive changes undergone by the first theme. This persistent repetition of the identical phrase, constantly repeated with the same simple and deep sadness, gradually stirs in the mind of the listener an indescribable feeling, without doubt the most intense of its kind that we have experienced. Among the ap english essay style most daring harmonic effects in this sublime elegy we may mention: 1 0 the high note held by flutes and clarinets on the dominant E flat while the strings are active lower down and progress through the chord of the sixth, D flat, F, B flat, which has no connection with the high pedal note; 2 0 the episodic passage played by a flute, an oboe and two clarinets in contrary motion, which occasionally results in unprepared dissonances of the second, between the leading note G and F, the major sixth of A flat. This third inversion of the chord of the leading seventh is forbidden by the majority of theorists, as is the high pedal we have just mentioned, yet the result is altogether delightful. There is also at editing rates the last entry of the first theme a canon in unison at an interval of one bar , between the violins and flutes, the clarinets and bassoons, which would give added interest to the melody treated in this way if the imitation by the wind instruments could be heard; unfortunately the whole orchestra is playing loud at the same moment and makes it almost inaudible. The scherzo is a strange composition.
The first bars, which in themselves have nothing that should alarm, provoke that inexplicable emotion experienced under the ap english essay style magnetic gaze of some individuals. Everything here is mysterious and sombre; the orchestral effects, all more or less sinister in character, seem to belong to the world of thought of the famous scene of Blacksberg in for us visa application Goethe’s Faust . The prevailing dynamics are piano and mezzo forte . The central section (the trio) is taken up by a passage for the basses, bowed with full vigour, the ponderous roughness of which rattles the feet of the music stands and sounds rather like the antics of an exhilarated elephant… But the monster moves away, and the sound of its wild frolics gradually fades. The theme of the scherzo reappears pizzicato ; gradually silence is established, and only a few lightly plucked notes are heard from the violins together with the strange clicking sounds produced by the high A flat of the bassoons clashing with G, the octave of the essay style tonic of the dominant minor ninth. The strings then break the sequence and essays arthur comte de gobineua, settle gently on a bowed chord of A flat on which they doze off. The timpani using sponge-headed sticks keep the rhythm going on their own with light strokes which stand out faintly against the general somnolence of the rest of the orchestra. These timpani notes are Cs; the piece is in C minor, but the chord of A flat, long held by the other instruments, seems to be introducing a different key; for its part the solitary pulsing of the timpani on C tends to preserve the feeling of the original key. The ear hesitates… where will this harmonic mystery end?… and then the soft throbbing of the timpani gradually increase in volume, joined by the violins which have started to style move again, changing the harmony. This leads to the dominant seventh chord of G, B, D and F while the timpani continue to play obstinately the tonic C. The whole orchestra, reinforced by the trombones which have not yet appeared, explodes now in the major in a triumphal march and the finale begins.
The electrifying effect of this passage is is creative writing in high, well known, and there is no need to elaborate for the reader. Critics have nevertheless sought to diminish the ap english essay composer’s merit by letter for us visa asserting that he had merely resorted to a commonplace device in making the brilliance of the major mode follow the darkness of a pianissimo in a minor key, that the triumphal theme was lacking in originality, and that interest flagged as the movement progressed instead of increasing. We would answer: is essay, it because the transition from piano to forte , and from minor to major , are known devices that there is less genius in creating such a work?… How many other composers have not tried to achieve this same effect? And how can their efforts compare with the hunger gigantic hymn of style, victory, in which the soul of the critical analysis essays poet musician, liberated from earthly shackles and suffering, seems to soar radiantly to heaven?… It is true that the first four bars of the style march are not of striking originality; but there is a limit to what can be done with the genre of the fanfare, and we do not believe it possible to invent new types of fanfare without giving up completely its simple, grandiose and festive character. Beethoven wanted for the start of his finale a fanfare-like entry; in the rest of the movement, in fact even in the continuation of the principal theme, he quickly reverts to the lofty and original style that is his hallmark. As for the criticism that he failed to sustain interest through the analysis essays end of the movement, one might answer that in the present state of the art of music it is impossible to produce a more shattering effect than the transition from the scherzo to the triumphal march, and it was therefore not possible to ap english style intensify that effect any further.
To remain at such a height is already a prodigious feat; despite the breadth with which Beethoven develops his material, he nevertheless brings it off. Hunger! But this consistency of essay, level from the beginning to the end is enough to recommendation letter visa application give the impression of a fall-off; so great has been the initial impact on the listener, whose emotional response has been raised to the highest pitch, that it is all the more difficult to sustain it subsequently at the same level. In a long row of columns of the same height perspective suggests that the more distant ones are actually smaller. It could be that our inadequate constitutions would adapt better to a more laconic ending such as Gluck’s Our general is ap english style, calling you back : the audience would thus not have the time to cool down, and the symphony would be over before fatigue prevented the what is creative in high audience from following in the composer’s footsteps. But this remark only applies so to speak to the way the work is ap english style, presented; it does not disqualify this finale from being in itself of a magnificence and essays culture, richness next to which very few pieces could stand comparison without being obliterated. This astonishing landscape could have been designed by Poussin and drawn by Michelangelo. The author of Fidelio and of the ap english style Eroica symphony sets out to depict the tranquillity of the countryside and the shepherds’ gentle way of life. But let us be clear: we are not dealing here with the picture-postcard and prettified shepherds of M. de Florian, still less those of M. Lebrun, who wrote the essays Rossignol [The Nightingale], or those of ap english essay style, J.-J. Recommendation For Us Visa Application! Rousseau, the composer of the Devin du Village [The Village Soothsayer]. We are dealing here with real nature.
The title given by essay style the composer to his first movement is Gentle feelings stirred by the sight of a beautiful landscape . The shepherds begin to move about nonchalantly in college admission about the fields; their pipes can be heard from a distance and close-by. Exquisite sounds caress you like the scented morning breeze. A flight or rather swarms of twittering birds pass overhead, and ap english style, the atmosphere occasionally feels laden with mists. Heavy clouds come to hide the sun, then suddenly they scatter and let floods of what writing school, dazzling light fall straight down on ap english style, the fields and the woods. These are the images that come to mind when I hear this piece, and despite the vagueness of instrumental language I suppose that many listeners have probably reacted in the same way. Further on there is a Scene by the brook . Contemplation… The composer probably created this wonderful adagio lying on his back in the grass, his eyes turned to hunger heaven, his ear listening to the wind, fascinated by countless reflections of sound and light, observing and listening at once to the white ripples of the river as they break gently on the stones of the bank.
This is ap english essay, delightful. There are some who vehemently criticise Beethoven for wanting to reproduce at the end of the adagio the letter visa song of three birds, at first in succession and then together. In my view the normal test of the appropriateness or absurdity of such attempts is whether they come off or not. On this point I would therefore say to Beethoven’s critics that they are right as far as the nightingale is concerned: the imitation of its song is no more successful here than in M. Ap English Style! Lebrun’s well-known flute solo, for the very simple reason that since the nightingale only emits indistinct sounds of indeterminate pitch it cannot be imitated by instruments with a fixed and precise pitch. But it seems to me that the case is different with the quail and the cuckoo, whose cry involves either one or two real notes of fixed pitch, and can therefore be fully imitated in a realistic way. Now if the composer is criticised for introducing a childishly literal imitation of bird-song in a scene where all the quiet voices of heaven, earth and water must naturally find their place, I would say in reply that the same objection could be made when in the storm he also imitates faithfully the gusts of wind, the flashes of lightning and the bellowing of animals. And heaven knows that no one has ever dreamed of critical essays on poems, criticising the storm of the ap english pastoral symphony! But let us proceed.
The poet now brings us in the midst of a Joyful gathering of peasants. Recommendation! The dancing and ap english essay style, laughter are restrained at in high school first; the oboe plays a cheerful refrain accompanied by style a bassoon that can only manage to produce two notes. Beethoven’s intention was probably to suggest in this way an old German peasant, sitting on a cask with a decrepit old instrument, from which all he can draw are the two principal notes of the key of letter application, F, the dominant and ap english essay, the tonic. Every time the oboe plays its naive and jolly tune like a girl in visa application her Sunday clothes, the old bassoon blows his two notes. When the melody modulates to a different key the essay style bassoon falls silent and quietly counts his rests, until the original key returns and he is able to interject again unruffled his F, C and F. This burlesque effect is wonderfully apt but the public seems to miss it almost completely. The dance gets more animated and becomes wild and college about, noisy. A rough theme in duple time signals the arrival of ap english essay style, mountaineers with their heavy clogs. The first section in triple time is repeated, but even more animated. The dancers mingle excitedly, the writing school women’s hair flies loose over their shoulders, the ap english essay mountaineers add their noise and intoxication, there is clapping, shouting and running, and the scene goes wild and furious… Then suddenly a distant clap of thunder strikes terror in the midst of this rustic ball and scatters the dancers. Critical Essays On Poems! Storm, lightning . I despair of being able to convey an idea of this prodigious piece.
It has to essay style be heard to understand how realistic and sublime imitative music can become in the hands of someone like Beethoven. Listen to school the gusts of wind gorged with rain, the ap english style dull growl of the basses, the shrill hissing of piccolos announcing the dissertation rates fearful storm that is about the break out. The hurricane approaches and increases in intensity. A huge chromatic scale, starting in the upper instruments, plunges to the depths of the orchestra, picks up the basses on the way, drags them upwards, like a surging whirlwind that sweeps everything in its way. The trombones then burst out, the thunder of the timpani intensifies in violence; this is ap english style, no longer rain and wind but a terrifying cataclysm, a universal deluge and the end of the college essays about culture world.
In truth the piece induces dizziness, and there are many who on hearing this storm are not sure whether the essay style emotion they experience is critical essays, one of pleasure or of pain. The symphony concludes with the Thanksgiving of the peasants after the return of fine weather . Everything smiles again, the shepherds come back and answer each other on the mountain as they call their scattered flocks. The sky is clear, the ap english style torrents gradually dry out, calm returns and with it the rustic songs with their gentle tones. They soothe the mind, shattered as it was by college the awesome splendour of the preceding tableau. Ap English Style! Is it really necessary after this to dissertation editing services write of the stylistic oddities to be found in this mighty work – the groups of five notes on the cellos clashing with passages of four notes in the double-basses, which grind together without being able to blend into a genuine unison? Must one mention the horn call which plays an arpeggio on the chord of essay style, C while the strings hold that of F?… In truth I cannot.
To do this one has to think rationally, and how can you avoid being intoxicated when in the grip of such a subject! Far from it – if only one could sleep and go on sleeping for months on end, and inhabit in one’s dreams the unknown sphere which for a moment genius has allowed us to glimpse. College Essays Culture! After such a concert should one have the misfortune to have to ap english essay see some comic opera, attend a soiree of fashionable songs and a flute concerto, one would have a look of stupefaction. Should someone ask you: – How do you find this Italian duet? You would reply in all seriousness. – And these variations for clarinet? – And the finale of the new opera? And some distinguished artist who has heard your answers but does not know why you are so preoccupied, will point at you and say: Who is this idiot? How the ancient poems, for all their beauty and the admiration they evoke, pale before this marvel of modern music! Theocritus and Virgil were great landscape artists; lines like the following are music to the ears: «Te quoque, magna Pales, et te, memorande, canemus. Pastor ab Amphryso; vos Sylvae amnesque Lycaei.»
especially when they are not recited by barbarians like us French, who pronounce Latin in such a way that it could be mistaken for a peasant dialect… But Beethoven’s poem!… these long periods so full of colour!… these speaking images!… these scents!… this light!… this eloquent silence!… these vast horizons!… these magic hideouts in the woods!… these golden harvests!… these pink clouds like wandering specks in the sky!… this vast plain dozing under the midday sun!… Man is absent!… nature alone reveals herself glorying in her splendour… And the deep rest of everything that lives! And the wonderful life of everything that rests!… The little stream that pursues its murmuring course towards the river!… the river, the source of all water, which descends towards the ocean in majestic silence!… Then man appears, the man from the countryside, robust and full of religious feeling… his joyful play interrupted by the storm… his fears… his hymn of thanksgiving… Hide your faces, poor great poets of editing, antiquity, poor immortals. Your conventional language, so pure and harmonious, cannot compete with the art of sound. You are vanquished, no doubt with glory, but vanquished all the same! You have not experienced what nowadays we call melody, harmony, the combination of different timbres, instrumental colour, modulations, the skilful clashes of ap english essay, conflicting sounds which fight and letter for us visa application, then embrace, the sounds that surprise the ear, the strange tones which stir the innermost recesses of the soul. The stammering of the childish art which you referred to as music could not give you any idea of this. For cultured minds you alone were the great melodists, the masters of harmony, rhythm, and style, expression. But these words had a very different meaning in your vocabulary from what we give them now.
The art of sound in its true meaning, independent of anything else, was only born yesterday. It has scarcely reached manhood, and is barely twenty years old. It is beautiful and all-powerful: it is the Pythian Apollo of modern times. We owe to it a world of emotion and for us application, feeling which was closed to you. Yes, great venerated poets, you are vanquished: Inclyti sed victi . The seventh symphony is famous for its allegretto *. It is not that the three other movements are less worthy of admiration – far from it. But the public usually judges a work on the effect it produces, and only measures that effect by the volume of the applause. Consequently the movement that always receives the loudest applause is invariably thought to be the most beautiful (even though there is a certain kind of priceless beauty that is not liable to excite noisy approval). And then, to enhance even further the object of such partiality everything else is sacrificed to it. In France at least that is invariably the custom. That is why when talking of Beethoven one refers to the Storm of the pastoral symphony, the finale of the symphony in C minor, the andante of the symphony in A, etc., etc. *Which is ap english, always referred to as the adagio or andante . It has apparently not been established whether this work was composed after the Pastoral and the Eroica , and a number of people believe on the contrary that it preceded them by some time.
If this opinion is well founded, then the number which identifies it as the writing seventh would only ap english style, be that of its sequence in the order of publication. The first movement opens with a broad and majestic introduction where melody, modulations and the orchestral writing successively hold the essays listener’s attention. It begins with one of those instrumental effects of ap english style, which Beethoven is indisputably the creator. The whole orchestra plays a loud and sharp chord, and the ensuing silence reveals the slender voice of an exposed oboe, whose entry was disguised by editing services the orchestral tutti and now develops the melody on its own. There could hardly be a more original way of starting. At the end of the introduction the note E, the dominant of A, returns after a series of essay, excursions into neighbouring keys and letter visa application, forms the subject of a series of exchanges between violins and flutes, similar to the effect found in the opening bars of the finale of the Eroica symphony . The E comes and goes for six bars without accompaniment, changing its appearance every time it passes from strings to wind.
Finally it is taken over by flute and oboe and serves as bridge between the introduction and the allegro : it becomes the first note of the main theme, whose rhythmic outline it gradually sketches. I have heard this theme ridiculed for its rustic simplicity. Had the composer written in large letters at the head of this allegro the words Dance of peasants , as he has done for the Pastoral symphony, the charge that it lacks nobility would probably not have been made. This shows that while some listeners do not like to be forewarned of the subject treated by the composer, there are others on the contrary who are inclined to react unfavourably to any theme that comes in an unfamiliar guise, if the explanation for the anomaly is not provided in advance. Given the impossibility of deciding between such conflicting views the best course for a composer in such circumstances is to ap english follow his own instinct instead of pursuing the vain delusion of universal approval. Critical! This theme has a strongly characterised rhythm, which permeates the harmony and shows up in ap english style a multitude of recommendation letter for us, forms without ever interrupting the forward momentum of the music up to the end of the movement. The use of an ostinato rhythmic pattern has never been attempted so successfully. The ample developments of the allegro constantly revolve around the same idea, and so incredible is the ap english style skill with which it is written, so frequent and admission about, ingenious the variations in tonality, so novel the chordal progressions and their grouping, that the movement is over before the attention and warm response generated in ap english style the listener can lose any of their keenness.
The harmonic effect which champions of academic rigour criticise most vehemently is also the happiest: the resolution of the dissonance in the six-five chord on the subdominant of the key of is creative writing class, E natural. This dissonance of a second on a very loud tremolo in the upper parts between the first and second violins is resolved in a completely novel way. One might have sustained the E and ap english essay style, raised the F sharp to G, or sustained the F and brought the E down to D: but Beethoven did neither, and without changing the bass he merged the two dissonant parts into an octave on F natural, by moving the F sharp a semitone lower and the E down by a major seventh. The chord of a fifth and major sixth thus becomes a minor sixth without the on joseph arthur comte fifth which has dissolved into F natural. Essay! The sudden transition from forte to piano at the exact point in this unusual harmonic transformation gives it an even stronger character and enhances its charm. Hunger! Before passing on to the ap english style following movement let us not omit to dissertation editing mention the striking crescendo through which Beethoven brings back his favourite rhythm which he had momentarily left aside. This is done by means of a two bar phrase (D, C sharp, B sharp, B sharp, C sharp) in the key of A major, which is ap english, repeated eleven times in the lower register by the basses and recommendation visa application, violas, while the wind instruments sustain an E at the top, bottom and middle of the range in quadruple octaves, and the violins sound a bell-like phrase, the three notes E, A, E, C, repeated in increasingly fast figuration and combined in such a way as to present always the dominant when the basses play D or B sharp, and the tonic or its third when they play C. This is completely novel, and ap english, fortunately no imitator has tried, I believe, to squander this beautiful invention. As in the first movement though in a different form, a simple rhythm is dissertation editing services rates, again the ap english principal cause of the extraordinary effect produced by the allegretto . The rhythmic pattern consists merely of a dactyl followed by on joseph comte de gobineua a spondee played relentlessly, either in three parts, or in only one, then in all parts together.
Sometimes it serves as an style accompaniment, but frequently it focuses attention on itself, and also provides the starting point for a small fugal episode with two subjects played by the strings. It appears first in the lower strings – violas, cellos, double-basses – played piano , then is repeated soon after in a pianissimo full of melancholy and mystery. From there it passes to what is creative in high the second violins while the cellos sing a kind of lament in the minor mode. The rhythmic pattern rises from octave to octave, reaches the first violins who then pass it in a crescendo to the wind instruments at the top of the orchestra, where it bursts out in its full force. Sounded with even greater vehemence the melody now assumes the ap english style character of an anguished lament. Conflicting rhythms clash painfully with each other; these are tears, sobs and supplications, this is the expression of limitless grief and all-consuming suffering… But a ray of hope appears: these heartbreaking sounds are followed by a transparent melody, pure, simple, gentle, sad and what is creative, resigned like patience smiling to suffering . The basses continue on their own with their inexorable rhythm under this melodic rainbow; to borrow yet another quotation from English poetry, « One fatal remembrance, one sorrow, that throws. Its black shade alike o'er our joys and our woes. » After a similar alternation of anguish and resignation, the orchestra, as though drained by such a painful struggle, plays only fragments of the main theme and ap english essay style, collapses in exhaustion.
Flutes and on joseph, oboes pick up the theme in a dying voice, but do not have the strength to finish it, which the ap english essay violins do with a few barely audible pizzicato notes. At this point the wind instruments, reviving like the flame of a candle on the point of extinction, utter a deep sigh on an unresolved harmony and… the rest is silence . This mournful cry, which begins and ends the recommendation for us application andante , is produced by a six-four chord, which always tends to resolve itself onto another one. Ap English Essay! Ending on services, an unresolved harmony is the only way to conclude, by leaving the listener in suspense and thereby increasing the impression of dreamy sadness into which everything that came before must have plunged him. The theme of the scherzo modulates in ap english essay style a very novel way. It is in F major, and instead of concluding at the end of the first phrase in C, B flat, D minor, A minor, A flat, or D flat, like the majority of pieces of this kind, the modulation reaches the key of A major, a major third above the tonic. For Us Visa! The scherzo of the Pastoral symphony , also in F, modulates to D major, a third below. Ap English Essay! There is on poems, some similarity of colour in these key sequences; but other resemblances can also be observed between the two works. The trio of the seventh symphony ( presto meno assai ), in which the violins hold the dominant almost continuously, while oboes and clarinets play underneath a bright rustic melody, is very much in the spirit of landscape painting and the idyll. Yet another new type of crescendo can be found there, played in the lower register by the second horn, who repeats softly the style notes A and G sharp in essays duple time, though the main beat is in triple time, with emphasis on essay style, the G sharp though A is the real note.
The public always seems taken by letter for us visa application surprise on style, hearing this passage. The finale is at least as rich as the preceding movements in new combinations, incisive modulations and in high, delightful flights of fantasy. The theme has some similarities with that from Gluck's overture to Armide , though only in the disposition of the opening notes, and these are more obvious to the eye than to the ear: in performance the essay style two themes could hardly be more different. The freshness and elegance of Beethoven’s theme, very different from the chivalrous dash of that of Gluck, would make a greater impression if the chords played in the high register by the wind instruments did not cover so much the first violins playing in the middle range, while second violins and violas underneath accompany the melody with a tremolo in double-stopping. Throughout this finale Beethoven has achieved effects as graceful as they are unexpected with the writing in high school sudden transition from the key of C sharp minor to that of D major. Among his most daring and felicitous harmonic inventions is without doubt the long pedal on the dominant E, decorated with a D sharp of equal value as the main note. The chord of the seventh is sometimes brought about in the upper part, with the result that the D natural of the ap english essay upper parts coincides precisely with the D sharp of the basses. One might imagine that the result would be a dreadful dissonance, or at least a lack of letter for us visa, harmonic clarity; yet this is not the case, and the tonal thrust of this dominant is essay style, such that the D sharp does not disfigure it in any way, and that only the buzzing E registers. Beethoven did not write music for the eyes . The coda, launched by this threatening pedal, has extraordinary brilliance, and is fully worthy of bringing this work to its conclusion – a masterpiece of technical skill, taste, imagination, craftsmanship and inspiration. This symphony is also in F, like the Pastoral , though it is designed on a more modest scale than the preceding symphonies.
Yet though it hardly exceeds the first symphony (in C major) in the breadth of its forms, it is at analysis least far superior to style it in three respects – instrumental writing, rhythm and melodic style. The first movement has two themes, both of them gentle and peaceful in character. The second and in our view the more striking of the what is creative in high school two always seems to avoid the ap english style perfect cadence, by argumentative on world hunger modulating first in essay style a completely unexpected way (the phrase begins in D major and ends in C major), and dissertation editing services, then dissipating itself inconclusively on the diminished seventh chord of the subdominant. This capricious turn in the melody gives the listener the feeling that the composer, inclined at first towards gentle feelings, has suddenly been distracted by a sad thought which interrupts his joyful song. The andante scherzando is one of those creations for which there is neither model nor counterpart: it drops from heaven complete into the composer’s imagination; he writes it at a single stretch and we are amazed to essay style hear it. The role of the wind instruments is here the opposite of their normal one: they accompany with repeated chords, played pianissimo eight times in every bar, the airy dialogue a punta d’arco between violins and basses. This has a gentle innocence which is delightful in its nonchalant manner, like the song of two children picking flowers in a field on a fine spring morning. The main theme consists of two sections of three bars each, the symmetry of which is is creative class in high school, broken by the silence which follows the basses’ reply; as a result the first section ends on the weak beat and essay, the second on the strong. The harmonic ticking of the oboes, clarinets, horns and bassoons so captivates the listener that he does not notice the lack of symmetry in the strings’ melody which results from the additional silent bar. Dissertation! The function of this bar is evidently to leave exposed for longer the delightful chord over which the lively melody flutters. This example shows once more that the law of symmetry can sometimes be broken to good effect.
But it is hard to believe that this exquisite idyll should end with the commonplace which Beethoven disliked most, namely the Italian cadence. At the moment when the instrumental dialogue of the two small orchestras of ap english essay style, wind and analysis essays on poems, strings is at its most enchanting, the style composer, as though suddenly obliged to analysis essays on poems stop, makes the violins play tremolo the four notes G, F, A, B flat (sixth, dominant, leading note, tonic), repeat them several times in a hurry, exactly as when the Italians sing Felicita , and then come to ap english essay an abrupt halt. I have never been able to make sense of this musical joke. At this point a minuet, similar in design and essays culture, tempo to those of Haydn, takes the essay style place of the scherzo in triple time which Beethoven invented and which he has used in dissertation services rates all his other symphonic works in such an ingenious and striking way. In truth this is a rather ordinary piece, and the old-fashioned form seems to have stifled musical thought. The finale by contrast sparkles with wit; the musical material is brilliantly original and ap english essay, richly developed. It has diatonic progressions in two parts and in contrary motion, through which the composer achieves a crescendo of is creative class in high, huge dimension which brings the work to a most effective conclusion. The harmonic writing does however contain a few rough edges caused by passing notes which are not resolved quickly enough on the right notes and ap english, which sometimes even pause on a silence. At the cost of some violence to the letter of application, musical theory it is easy to explain away these passing dissonances, but in performance they always grate on the ear to a greater or lesser degree. But consider the high pedal held by the flutes and oboes on F, while the timpani underneath repeat the same note in octaves at the return of the theme, and the violins play the notes C, G and B flat from the dominant seventh chord, preceded by the third F, A from the tonic chord.
This sustained high note may not be allowed by style theory, since it does not always fit into the harmony, but it does not cause any offence. On the contrary, thanks to the skilful layout of the instruments and the character of the musical phrase, the result of this bunching of sounds is critical essays, excellent and remarkably smooth. Before concluding we cannot omit mentioning an orchestral effect which perhaps more than any other takes the listener by surprise when this finale is ap english, performed: the note C sharp played very loud by the mass of the orchestra in unison and in octaves after a diminuendo which has faded out in the key of editing rates, C major. The first two times this rasp is immediately followed by the return of the theme in F, and it becomes clear that the C sharp was simply an enharmonic D flat, the flattened sixth of the ap english main key. Recommendation Visa! But the third appearance of this strange entry has a very different character. Style! The orchestra, after modulating to C as before now plays a real D flat followed by a fragment of the essays on poems theme in D flat, then a real C sharp, followed by another fragment of the theme in C sharp minor, and ap english style, finally repeats this C sharp three times over with increased force, and the whole theme now returns in F sharp minor . Argumentative On World! The note which initially played the role of ap english essay, a minor sixth becomes on its last appearance successively the flattened major third , the sharpened minor third , and finally the dominant . This is very striking. To analyse such a work is difficult and daunting task which we have long hesitated to undertake.
The excuse for for us visa application, such a foolhardy venture can only lie in our persistent efforts to see the work through the composer’s eyes, to penetrate its intimate meaning, to experience its impact, and to study the ap english essay style impressions it has made so far on a few who are gifted with exceptional sensitivity, as well as on the general public. Among the many diverse views that have been expressed on this score there can hardly be two that are in agreement. Dissertation Editing Services! Some critics regard it as a monstrous insanity ; others can only see in it the fading glimmers of a dying genius ; more cautiously a few declare they find it at the moment completely unintelligible, but do not despair of achieving at least an approximate understanding of it later; the majority of artistically minded people regard it as an extraordinary conception, though some of its parts nevertheless remain unexplained or without apparent purpose. A small number of musicians who are temperamentally inclined to examine carefully anything that might enlarge the essay style realm of art, and who have thought deeply about the general layout of the Choral symphony after studying the score and listening to it attentively on several occasions, assert that this work seems to essays comte them the most magnificent expression of Beethoven’s genius: we believe we have said at some earlier point that this is the opinion we share. Without enquiring what purely personal ideas the composer might have wanted to express in this vast musical poem – a subject wide open to individual conjecture – let us see whether the novelty of the form is not justified in this case by an intention that is quite independent of any philosophical or religious thought, which might seem equally reasonable and beautiful to anyone, be he a fervent Christian, a pantheist or an atheist, in short by an intention of a purely musical and poetic kind. Beethoven had already written eight symphonies before this one.
To progress beyond the point he had already reached solely with the ap english essay style resources of orchestral instruments, what further means were available? The answer is the addition of voices to what is creative in high school instruments. But in order to observe the law of crescendo , and enhance in the work itself the power of the additional resource he wanted to essay style provide to the orchestra, it was surely necessary to allow the instruments to figure on their own in the first section of the musical canvas he intended to editing display… Granted this premise, it is easy to essay see that he must have been led to search for a mixed musical genre to serve as link between the two major articulations of the symphony. The instrumental recitative was the bridge he had the audacity to throw between the chorus and the orchestra, over which the argumentative essays on world instruments crossed to go and join the style voices. The transition once established the composer must have wanted to announce and for us visa application, motivate the fusion that was about to take place. That is the point where speaking through the chorus leader, he exclaimed, to the sound of the instrumental recitative he had just introduced: Friends!
No more sounds like these, but let us intone more pleasant songs, more filled with joy! That is, so to speak, the treaty of alliance concluded between chorus and orchestra; the same theme of the recitative, used by both orchestra and chorus, seems to constitute the oath formula. Thereafter it was up to the composer to select the text for his choral composition: for this Beethoven turned to Schiller and took over the Ode to Joy . He coloured it with countless nuances which poetry on its own could never have conveyed, and it progresses to essay style the end acquiring ever more splendour, grandeur and brilliance. Such is the rationale, it may be suggested more or less plausibly, for the general scheme of this immense work; let us now study its individual parts in detail. The first movement has a sombre majesty and is like no other piece written by Beethoven before. The harmony is at recommendation for us application times excessively daring: the most original patterns, the most expressive gestures crowd in and criss-cross in every direction, but without causing any obscurity or congestion. On the contrary the ap english style result has perfect clarity, and the numerous orchestral voices that plead or threaten, each in its own way and analysis, its own special style, seem to form a single voice, such is the emotional charge that drives them. Ap English! This allegro maestoso , written in D minor, begins nevertheless on the chord of A without the third, in other words on the notes A and E sustained as a fifth, and application, played as an arpeggio above and ap english style, below by the first violins, violas and double-basses. The listener is therefore not sure whether he is hearing the chord of A minor, or of rates, A major, or that of the dominant of D. This prolonged tonal ambiguity gives great power and character to the entry of the full orchestra on the chord of D minor. Ap English Style! At the end of the movement there are moments that move the soul to critical its depths.
It would be hard to hear anything more profoundly tragic than the song of the wind instruments beneath which a chromatic phrase played tremolo by the strings swells and rises gradually, like the roar of the sea before an approaching storm. This is a passage of magnificent inspiration. Ap English Style! On several occasions in this work we will be drawing attention to clusters of notes which cannot possibly be described as chords, and we will be forced to recommendation letter visa admit that the ap english essay reason for these anomalies escapes us completely. For example on page 17 of the wonderful movement we have been describing there is on joseph arthur comte, a melodic passage for clarinets and bassoons, which is accompanied as follows in the key of C minor: the bass plays first an F sharp supporting a diminished seventh, then an A flat supporting a third, fourth and augmented sixth, and essay style, finally G over which flutes and oboes play the notes E flat, G, C which gives a six-four chord. This would be an critical analysis excellent resolution of the previous chord if the second violins and violas did not add to the harmony the two notes F natural and ap english essay, A flat which disfigure it and cause a most unpleasant confusion which fortunately is rates, of short duration.
This passage is lightly scored and completely free from any roughness; I cannot therefore understand this quadruple dissonance which is ap english, so strangely introduced and completely unmotivated. One might suppose there is an engraving error, but a careful inspection of these two bars and those that precede dispels all doubts and one remains convinced that this is really what the composer intended. The scherzo vivace which follows contains nothing of the same kind. Critical Analysis! Admittedly there are a number of pedal notes on the tonic in the upper and middle voices which are sustained through the dominant chord. But I have already stated my position on these pedal notes that are foreign to the harmony, and this new example is not needed to demonstrate the excellent use they can be put to when they arise naturally from the musical logic. It is particularly through the use of rhythm that Beethoven has managed to make this delightful banter so interesting.
The theme with its fugal response four bars later is full of vitality, and sparkles with wit when the response then comes a bar earlier and follows a ternary instead of the initial binary rhythm. The central part of the scherzo is ap english essay, taken up with a presto in argumentative on world duple time full of essay, rustic joy. On Joseph Arthur Comte! The theme is ap english, deployed over an intermediary pedal note which is what writing class in high, either the tonic or the ap english essay dominant, accompanied by a counter-subject which harmonises equally well with either of the held notes, the dominant and the tonic . What Is Creative Writing In High School! The melody is finally brought back by a phrase of delightful freshness in the oboe; after staying poised for a moment over the dominant major chord of D it finally blossoms in style the key of F natural in a way that is as graceful as it is unexpected. This is services, another echo of the gentle impressions that Beethoven loved so much, impressions that are aroused by the sight of a radiant and peaceful landscape, pure air and essay style, the first rays of dawn in spring. Critical Essays On Poems! In the adagio cantabile the principle of unity is so little observed that one might think of it as two separate movements rather than one. Ap English Essay Style! The first melody in B flat in quadruple time is followed by a completely different melody in D major in critical analysis triple time. Ap English Style! The first theme, slightly altered and varied by the first violins, appears for the second time in the original key and leads to the return of the melody in triple time, unchanged and without embellishments but in the key of G major. After this the first theme finally establishes itself and no longer allows the rival theme to compete for the listener’s attention. For Us Application! Repeated hearings of this wonderful adagio are needed to get completely used to such a peculiar design.
As for the beauty of all these melodies, the infinite grace of the ornaments which decorate them, the feelings of sad tenderness, passionate despair and religious reverie they express, if only my words could give even an ap english style approximate idea of them, then music would have found in the written word a rival which even the greatest of poets will never be able to oppose to it. It is an immense movement, and once the listener has succumbed to its powerful charm, the only answer to the criticism that the composer has violated here the law of unity has to be: so much the worse for the law! We are now close to the moment when the voices are about to join the orchestra. On World! Cellos and double-basses intone the recitative we mentioned above, after a passage for the wind instruments as harsh and essay, violent as a cry of letter visa, anger. The chord of the major sixth, F, A and D, with which this presto begins, is altered by an appogiatura on B flat, played simultaneously by flutes, oboes and clarinets; the sixth of the key of ap english style, D minor grinds dreadfully against the dominant and produces an excessively harsh effect. This does indeed express fury and rage, but here again I cannot see what motivates such feelings, unless the composer, before making the chorus leader sing the words: Let us intone more pleasant songs , had wanted in a strangely capricious way to vilify the orchestral harmony. Yet he seems to regret it, since in between each phrase of the dissertation services recitative of the basses, he repeats, like so many memories that are dear to his heart, fragments of the three preceding movements. What is more, after this first recitative, he puts in the orchestra, in essay style the midst of exquisitely chosen chords, the beautiful theme which is about to be sung by all the voices on Schiller’s ode. This theme, gentle and calm in character, becomes increasingly animated and brilliant as it moves from the basses which play it first to the violins and the wind instruments.
After a sudden interruption, the whole orchestra plays again the furious ritornello mentioned above which now introduces the recommendation for us visa vocal recitative. The first chord is ap english essay style, again built on an F which is supposed to carry the what is creative class school third and the sixth and does indeed do so, but this time the composer not content with the appogiatura of essay style, B flat adds those of G, E and C sharp, with the result that ALL THE NOTES OF THE MINOR DIATONIC SCALE are played at once and produce the essays hideous assembly of ap english, notes: F, A, C sharp, E, G, B flat, D. Forty years ago, the French composer Martin, known as Martini, wanted to produce in his opera Sapho a similar howl for essays on joseph arthur de gobineua, the orchestra, and did so by using at once all the diatonic, chromatic and enharmonic intervals of the scale at the moment when Phaon’s mistress hurls herself into the sea – but he did not ask himself whether his attempt was appropriate and whether it enhanced or assaulted the dignity of art, though admittedly there could be no mistaking his intentions. But in this case my efforts at discovering Beethoven’s purpose are completely in vain. I can see a formal intention, a deliberate and calculated attempt to produce a double discordance, both at style the point which precede the appearance of the on joseph recitative, instrumental at first and later vocal. I have searched hard for the reason for this idea, and I have to style admit that it is unknown to me. The chorus leader, after singing his recitative on words by Beethoven himself, as we have mentioned, introduces on essays, his own the theme of the Ode to Joy , with a light accompaniment of two wind instruments and the strings playing pizzicato . This theme recurs to the end of the symphony and is always recognisable, though its appearance keeps changing. A study of these diverse transformations is all the style more absorbing as each of what is creative class in high, them brings out a new and distinctive nuance in the expression of a single feeling, that of joy. At first this joy is full of gentleness and peace; it becomes somewhat livelier when the voice of women is heard. Ap English! The beat changes; the theme, sung initially in recommendation visa application quadruple time, returns in 6/8 time in syncopated style and now takes on a more robust and agile character that has a martial quality.
This is the song of a departing hero who is confident of victory; you can almost imagine his shining armour and essay style, hear the rhythmic tread of dissertation services rates, his step. A fugal theme in which the original melody can be recognised, serves for a while as subject for a lively orchestral development, which recalls the essay style bustling activity of a crowd full of ardour… But the chorus soon re-enters and sings energetically the joyful hymn in its original simplicity, supported by chords of the wind instruments which shadow the melody, and criss-crossed by a diatonic passage played by the whole mass of strings in unison and is creative class, octaves. The andante maestoso which follows is a kind of ap english, chorale intoned first by the tenors and basses of the chorus, in unison with a trombone, the cellos and essays on joseph arthur de gobineua, double-basses. Joy here assumes a religious dimension and becomes solemn and immense. The chorus falls briefly silent then resumes less emphatically its spacious chords, after a passage of great beauty for orchestra alone which has an organ-like quality.
The imitation of the majestic instrument of Christian churches is produced by ap english flutes in the lower register, clarinets in the chalumeau register, the lower notes of the bassoons, the violas divided into two parts, upper and lower, and letter, the cellos playing on ap english essay style, their open strings G and D, or the dissertation editing services low C (open string) and the C in the middle range, always in double-stopping. This piece starts in G, moves to C, then to F, and ends on essay, a pause on the dominant seventh of argumentative essays, D. Ap English Essay Style! There follows a great allegro in 6/4 where from the start are combined the beginning of the recommendation application first theme, already used frequently with such variety, and the chorale of the essay style preceding andante . The contrast between these two ideas is made even more striking by a fast variation of the joyful theme, on top of the long notes of the chorale, played not only by the first violins but also by the double-basses. Now it is impossible for double-basses to perform a succession of notes at that speed, and once again it is hard to understand how a composer as familiar as Beethoven with the art of orchestration could have committed such a lapse in writing a passage like this for analysis on poems, this unwieldy instrument. There is less fire and ap english style, grandeur, and greater lightness in the style of the following piece: its keynote is that of innocent joy, expressed first by four solo voices and then given greater warmth through the addition of the chorus. Moments of tenderness and argumentative on world hunger, religious feeling alternate twice with the joyful melody, then the tempo becomes increasingly precipitate. The whole orchestra bursts out, the percussion instruments – timpani, cymbals, triangle, bass drum – strike emphatically the ap english essay strong beats of the letter visa bar. Joy resumes her sway, a popular and tumultuous joy which might look like an orgy if at the end the voices did not pause once more on a solemn rhythm to send, in ap english an ecstatic cry, their final greeting of love and respect for religious joy. The orchestra ends on college admission essays about, its own, but not without interspersing its headlong rush with fragments of the first theme which the ap english essay style listener cannot get tired of. A translation as accurate as possible of the German poem set by Beethoven will convey to what writing class in high school the reader the stimulus for this profusion of musical combinations, masterly supports of unceasing inspiration and obedient tools of a powerful and ap english essay style, tireless genius * . « Joy!
Fair spark of the services gods, daughter of Elysium, we enter your sanctuary intoxicated with your fire! Your magic power unites again those whom earthly customs have forcibly separated. All men will be brothers again under your gentle wing. « Who has had the good fortune to be the friend of a friend, who has won a noble wife, let him mingle his joy with ours! Yes, any who can call even one soul on earth his own. But who cannot, let him steal away in ap english essay style tears from argumentative essays hunger this gathering. « All beings drink joy on the breast of nature; all good and ap english style, all evil men follow a path strewn with roses. She gave us kisses and vintage, a friend who is true unto death. The worm receives the joy of life and the cherub stands before God! « Glad like the suns that fly through the glorious fields of heaven, hurry, brothers, on your way, joyful like a hero hastening to victory. « Millions, be embraced! This kiss to the whole world! Brothers, above the starry heaven, a dear father must have his dwelling. « You fall prostrate, o you millions?
World, do you sense the creator? Seek him above the starry heaven! He must dwell over the stars! « Joy! Fair spark of the gods, daughter of Elysium, we enter your sanctuary intoxicated with your fire! « Daughter of Elysium, joy, fair spark of the gods!! » Of all the class in high school composer’s symphonies this is the most difficult to perform; it requires patient and repeated study, and in particular a good conductor. It also requires a body of singers all the larger since evidently the chorus must cover the orchestra in many places. In addition, the way the music is written for the words and the excessive height of some of the choral parts make voice production very difficult and reduce considerably the volume and ap english essay style, power of the sound.
Be that as it may, when Beethoven had finished his work and could contemplate the majestic dimensions of the monument he had just built, he must have said to himself: «Death may come now, but my task is accomplished.» * Note: the following is our own translation of Schiller's German text. The Hector Berlioz Website was created by Michel Austin and Monir Tayeb on 18 July 1997;
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AP English Sample Essays - Study Notes
essay sex offender An effective and meaningful research into sex offender treatment program is indeed quite difficult. There is ap english style, little evidence today that could go on to conclusively establish superiority of one program over the other. In other words, whether or not a particular program can effectively reduce recidivism is still debatable. However, it cannot also at the same time be asserted that a particular program is not effective (Conroy 2000). Determining the effectiveness of a treatment program conclusively can be difficult for several reasons. An ideal study must take into account a large number of offenders and compare the recidivism rate among those that were treated and those not treated.
The two groups – those that received the treatment and editing those that did not – must for the purpose of an effective study be similar in every possible manner apart from the similarity that all of them are sex offenders. Unless, they are a homogeneous group it would not be possible to conclusively establish that the reduced recidivism rate in the group that was exposed to the treatment could be pinned to the effectiveness of the treatment program. The researchers are also likely to confront ethical and legal challenges when randomly assigning the members to the two groups of treated and untreated. The scope of style, treatment programs. While it could be morally indefensible to leave out essays a group untreated, victims of ap english, untreated group might file a claim of negligence. Therefore, the intervention agencies are unlikely to deliberately withhold treatment for the fear of legal implications and media outcry originating from their deliberate act of negligence (Barbaree 1997). Is Creative Class. Moreover, long existing treatment programs did not anticipate follow up studies of style, released offenders from the perspective of methodological rigor at the time these programs were initiated. In High. Therefore, while re-offending data over a time period might be available without any control group (Maletsky and Steinhauser 2000). The researchers then, at best, can compare the published re-offence rate with their result, even as there may be tremendous variation in published recidivism rates (Prentky 1999).
Nonetheless, studies on sexual offences over the last decade or two offer us useful insight into the issue that can offer us a framework on an effective intervention program. According to Home Office Criminal Statistics (1995) while more than 50 percent of the sex offenders are served imprisonment or youth custody followed by probation (more than 23 percent), fines and the other means, approximately 8 to style, 9 percent of the offenders are absolutely discharged. According to estimates, one in analysis on poems, ten children is likely to be sexually abused during childhood (MacMillan et al, 1997) and style the prevalence rate of argumentative on world, rapes has been shown to vary from 5 to 44 percent (Resnick and Markaway, 1991). Ap English Essay Style. Moreover, studies indicate that sex offending is essays about, embedded in social and family structures blurring the boundary between the victim and essay offender with perpetuation of the cycle of child sex abuse. One of the impacts of being sexually abused could be a higher risk for mental, social, and emotional health in later life.
Yet, it is well documented that sex offenders are most probably those that have themselves been the victims of sexual, physical, and dissertation editing rates emotional abuse during their formative years (Morrison et al, 1990; Waterhouse et al, 1994). Therefore, it is essential that the treatment approach takes into account childhood precursors of personality disorder leading to sex offending (Marshall, 1996). There are a large number of sex offender treatment programs in place. These programs are now increasingly being seen as complementary rather than in ap english, conflict. The police are known to increasingly rely on clinical approach in apprehending sex offenders (Perkins, Hilton and Lucas 1990). Information on sex offender risk factors can go a long way in assisting child protection (Morrison, et al, 1990). School. Therefore, a joint approach involving treatment along with police, probation and child protection can complement towards developing a comprehensive and effective approach to the issue (Beech et al 1998). Types of offender treatment approaches. There are diverse sex offender treatment approaches including surgical treatments, pharmacological treatments, and psychological treatments. Ap English Style. These broadly include surgical treatments, pharmacological treatments, and dissertation psychological treatments.
Although surgical treatments are rare currently, they have been extensively used in style, the past. Surgical techniques are also at the same time fraught with ethical consequences of surgically removing healthy tissues and their side effects. Moreover, the procedures are irreversible. Several studies have reported low conviction rates after the performance of critical analysis on poems, surgical castration. Nonetheless, Sturup’s study (1968) also indicated that 33 percent of the castrated offenders went on to commit violent but non-sexual offences. Yet another surgical technique stereotaxic hypothalamatomy has been criticized for ethical inadequacy and lack of credible scientific model on which the technique is based. Pharmacological interventions for ap english style, sex offenders have also been studied for their efficacy in reducing recidivism. Diverse agents ranging from anti-androgens to serotonic drugs have been used in the treatment. For instance, a study based on 10 year evaluation determined that DepoProvera is quite useful in reducing the sex drive of their patients and hence of considerable value as a therapeutic measure (Emory, Cole and Meyer 1992). In another study, MPA users were found to have a considerably reduced rate of re-offence (15 percent) as against 68 percent for the non-users (Fedoroff et al 1992).
While anti-libidinal medication can be useful from the perspective of the recommendation visa, flexibility of their use, it is unlikely that they will completely meet the challenges of reducing recidivism for many sex offenders commit the crimes from the motives other than purely sexual gratification. Essay Style. Moreover, the compliance of offenders is a necessary part of on world, treatment, and therefore, these treatments can only essay style be effective so long as drug is administered. Nonetheless, psychological treatment can be effective in combination with medication that can reduce anxiety and sexual arousal. Psychological approach to treatments broadly follow a three-pronged pattern of recommendation for us visa application, assisting the offender gain an insight into their offending behavior, their causes and available remedies followed by helping them reduce or remove influences leading to their offending behavior, and finally helping them overcome the tendencies to relapse into offending under vulnerable circumstances. Researchers agree that all three areas are important and not one is any less significant than the other. The pharmacological treatment of the ap english essay style, sexual offenders follows the belief that in most cases, behavior is motivated by college admission culture, sex. At the same time, the suppression of the sexual drive is seen as an effective way through which to reduce sexually deviant behavior.
The use f pharmacological approach in treatment of sexually deviant behavior has but one major goal- preservation of essay style, normophillic sexual interests as well as behaviors while at essays, the same time reducing the deviance in sexual drives or paraphillic behaviors. The application of the approach yields the suppression of sexual fantasies, urges and behavior. At the same time, non-deviant fantasy, urges, as well as behavior are promoted and style preserved. The application of pharmacological treatment approach reverses the admission about culture, fundamental pathology in ap english essay, pedophilia. Perhaps the application of pharmacological treatment programs in the aversion of deviant sexual behavior has a major focus on reducing or eroding sexual feelings. What Writing. As demonstrated through the reversal of style, pedophilia; the on joseph arthur, phenomenon that promotes deviant sexual behavior, pharmacological treatment programs play a major role in ap english style, the reversal process. The application of different biological treatments has been known for many years in the past. For instance, some specific biological treatments such as surgical castration and stereotaxic neurosurgery have been applied in the past. They have been seen as effective methods of treating sexual offenders who later reduce their sexual drive as well as prevent recidivism (Sturup, 1968). Researchers have observed through studies that low rates of recidivism (5%) have been reported following the application of what writing school, biological intervention programs.
The rates have been recorded following a long period of study on the outcome of the intervention programs. Essay. As a basis for the study of recommendation letter visa application, pharmacological treatment programs, surgical castration provided the basis for which the theoretical comprehension of the treatment program: pharmacological treatment. Pharmacological treatment embraces certain aspects of the intervention programs that relate to the treatment of the paraphilias. Ap English Style. There are certain effects associated with application of surgical castration and androgen suppression by antiadrogens as well as the agents used on the hormonal reversal on sexual behavior. Different pharmacological treatments are applied in the treatment of deviant sexual behavior. To start with, Antiandrogens, which are also known as Cyproterone Acetate, are widely used. Similarly, hormonal agents that lack specific Antiandrogen profile as also used. These hormonal agents are agents are also known as Medroxyprogesterone acetate, LHRH analogues. The third category of the pharmacological treatments used is the Serotonin specific reuptake inhibitors.
Analysis of the pharmacological offender treatment programs. The different forms of pharmacological treatment programs are effective in disseminating relevant information pertaining to the relevance of all the major aspects of the treatment programs that are used at different conceptions of the pharmacological perspectives. What School. Cyproterone acetate (CPA) has various aspects that make it effective as a pharmacological intervention program. CPA contains antiadrogenic, progestational as well as antigonadotropic effects. Some of the major afeatures of CPA is the fact that it is 100% bioavailable during the times when it is essay style, taken orally and it contains a halve-life of 38 hours.
On the other hand, the injectable form is argumentative on world hunger, able to reach the maximum plasma level in a period of about 82 hours. The form has a halve life of a close to 72 hours. Oral and parental dosages have certain aspects make them differ in ap english essay style, their levels of amounts that are given to individuals. For instance, an oral dosage contains 50mg to rates, 200mg daily. A parental dosage on the other hand contains 200mg to style, 400mg for every 1-2 weeks. The effects of application of on joseph arthur comte de gobineua, CPA are seen in the rate of ap english, reduction on the sexual drive, deviant sexual fantasy as well as sexual urges.
CPA is known to on joseph comte, be available only in some parts of Canada through it is not available in USA. In spite of the positive impacts that are attributed to the application of CPA, there are certain side effects that are attributed to use of CPA in the treatment of the ap english essay style, sexual deviance. For instance, liver dysfunction, adrenal suppression as well as feminization with gynecomastia have been associated with the use of CPA. Other drugs such as the Medroxyprogesterone acetate (MPA) and LHRH seem to have less serious effects on the reversal of recommendation letter application, sexual desires and drives. The need to define the most effective pharmacological method to apply in the reversal of the ap english essay, methods of treatment is determined by the application of the various aspects of indefinite ongoing treatments especially in high risk individuals. It is an essential requirement that stronger drugs are applied in the the individuals in letter visa, order to promote reduction of recidivism. Evaluation of the offender treatment programs. The sexual offending behavior programmes unit endeavors in the establishment of the analytical series of the usage of the analytical series due t the use of the ap english, various considerations associated with the analysis of the various conceptions about the use of sex offender treatment programs.
In an analytical series of the significance of the essays, treatment programs that are fit into the Sex Offender Treatment Programme (SOTP). The intervention programs that are used need to ap english, recognize the offender needs. The accredited program that offers the most effective treatment of the sex offender should be based upon some major elements of the discussion of the major conceptions regarding the dissertation editing services, usability of intervention programs. Ap English. Some of the major aspects of the dissertation, treatment program that need to be addressed include: explicit, empirical model of change that draws from the available literature. The treatment programme should also recognize the need intervention programs that target criminogenic need. The intervention programs should therefore analyze the extent of the essay, results that need to be addressed in the various issues associated with the nature of the offender. One more crucial requirement that of the arthur, reasons that make the intervention programs apply the style, most effective treatment programme for the treatment is the analysis of the effectiveness.
The treatment program needs also to be responsive on ways such as engaging their active participation in the treatment program. The effectiveness of the programmes applied in the intervention programs relate to the effectiveness of the undertakings concerned with the application of the applicability of the admission essays about culture, applicability of the essay style, intervention programs as applied in the overall reason for the analysis of the treatment programs. The treatment programs are also dependent on the factors that regard the effects of normative application of the main target for analysis on poems, integrating the treatment program. The accredited methods of the treatment programs depending on the various components of the sex offender programme. The need for a treatment programme that recognizes the special needs of the sex offender is effective as it discourages chances of recidivism. The major concept about the application of effective treatment programme that recognizes the all the major components of the sex offending habits associated with the recognition of the offence and eventually embarking on better methods that are used to essay style, relate the offender with the what school, future offending. The effectiveness of the sex offender treatment programs offers a wide perspective about the main concept relating t the ap english essay style, effectiveness of the treatment programmes. In the dissertation, intervention programs undertaken, there are certain needs of the offender that are being considered. The policy that recognizes the effectiveness of the intervention programmes relates to the use of the essay, available treatment programs in accordance to on joseph arthur comte, the needs of the offender. The policy has also recognized various aspects of the programs associated with the change of the behavior as well as eventual recognition of the practical application of the practices.
The need for an elaborate intervention programme that recognizes the major inclinations of the treatment programmes relates to essay style, the use of various aspects of the analysis in dissertation rates, relating all major aspects of the programs offered. The importance of the reactive programs relates to the use of the ap english style, major concerns of the intervention programs associated with the analytical approach about the eventual coordination of the treatment programs. As a crucial requirement, the major components of the intervention programs associated with the use of the major aspects of the programmes relates to college admission essays, the application of ap english essay, various components of all the major evaluations and treatment options for the sex offenders (Barbaree, 1997). The SOTP also delves in editing services rates, issues such as the progressive monitoring of staff selection as well as well as the amount of intensity as well as the sequencing of the treatments appropriate for the seriousness as well the ap english style, persistence in the offending behavior. Theoretical and social forces behind the policy. The need to establish a system that recognizes the offensive behavior portrayed by the sexual offenders and their apparent needs relates to the recognition of differences in offending habits and extents.
The policy requirements are based on argumentative essays, a series of inspection ands audits on essay, the inspections and requirements. The three main evaluative considerations about the effectiveness of the treatment programs include: treatment integrity, treatment impact and the treatment outcome. The application of these evaluative channels of the treatment programs touches on various aspects of the consideration that governs the implementation of different aspects of the consideration. The methods used in the evaluative processes touch on theoretical and social forces behind the implementation of the policy requirements. Critical Essays. Treatment integrity relates to the use of the effective treatment programmes that are fine-tuned. The treatment programs that are used rely on style, the design of the treatment programmes offered. The use of the different models in the treatment of the sexual offending behavior creates a guide on the policy requirements laying emphasis on the social as well as theoretical perspectives of the treatment programmes. Letter For Us. The integrity of the treatment programmes delves into various perspectives such as independent and direct intervention programmes which are easily accessed (Fedoroff et al, 1992).
The two other theoretical and social intervention programmes are treatment impact and treatment outcome (Maletsky Steinhauser, 2002). Ap English Essay. They all relate to the recipient of the argumentative essays, intervention programmes. Style. Depending on the effectiveness of the essays on joseph de gobineua, differed modes of the opportunity recognition as well as the use of different aspects of the social and theoretical approaches, the modes of the style, intervention are effectively analyzed. Dissertation Editing Rates. The need for all the analysis the usefulness of the all the different treatment programs embraced. Critique of the effectives of the treatment program. The treatment program embraced has various aspects that lead to either positive or negative impacts to the offenders. This is in spite of the fact that all the intervention programs embraced are meant to change the offensive sexual behavior into a desirable one. The recognition of the need for the implementation of the various treatment programs relate to essay, the modalities of the behavior change among the offenders.
To start with, the intervention programs offered are the major prerequisites for the implementation of the different intervention programs offered at different periods of time. But for the presence of the intervention program, there would be a culture of offensive sexual behavior being bred in the society. This culture would not be contained or prevented due to the absence of reliable methods through sexual offensive behavior could be treated. The importance of the different aspects of the is creative class in high, treatment program has also brought about low return to the offensive sexual behavior relating to the opportunities created by ap english essay style, the overall effectiveness of the treatment programs (Conroy, 2000). Nevertheless, the treatment program possesses a horde of negative implications to the sexual offenders. Rates. The need for an elaborate system that favors a more unified treatment programs need to be addressed. Ap English Essay. Pharmacological treatment programs are characterized by different negative implications regarding to the sexual lives of the offenders.
The implementation of the pharmacological treatment programs leads to essays about culture, the effects of the differential programs of the essay style, overall attitudes of the college culture, offenders (Marshall Pithers, 1994). The application of the various pharmacological treatment programs can lead to total destruction of the sexual desires of the offenders. This is not a fair way of correcting the behavior. The use of the treatment program has more negative impacts on the offenders to the extent of disregarding their human rights. Barbaree, H.E. Ap English Style. (1997).
Evaluating treatment efficacy with sexual offenders: The insensitivity of what writing class, recidivism studies to ap english essay style, treatment effects. Sexual Abuse: A Journal of Research and Treatment , 111-12. Beech, A., Fisher, D., Beckett, R., Scott-Fordham, A. (1998) An evaluation of the Prison Sex Offender Treatment Programmes. Home Office Research, Development and Statistics Directorate 1998. Argumentative Essays. Research Findings No. 79.
Conroy, M.A. (2000). Assessment of Sexual Offenders, in Van Dorsten, B. (Ed.) Forensic Psychology from Classroom to Courtroom, Plenum, N.Y., p. Ap English Essay Style. 232. Emory L.E., Cole C.M. and Meyer W.J. (1992) The Texas experience with DepoProvera 1980-1990. Journal of Offender Rehabilitation . Argumentative Hunger. 18, 125-137. Fedoroff J.P., Wisner-Carlson R.,Dean S. and Berlin F.S. (1992) Medroxy-Progesterone Acetate in the treatment of paraphillic sexual disorders. Journal of Offender Rehabilitation . 18, 109-123.
MacMillan, H. L., Fleming, J. Essay. E., Trocme, N., Boyle, M. H., Wong, M., Racine, Y. A., Beardslee, W. R. Offord, D. R. (1997) Prevalence of child physical and sexual abuse in the community: Results from the Ontario Health Supplement . Journal of the American medical Association , 278, 131-135. Maletsky, B.M. and services rates Steinhauser, C. (2002). A 25-year follow-up of cognitive/behavioral therapy with 7,275 sexual offenders. Behavior Modification , pp 123-147. Marshall, W.L., Pithers, W.D. (1994). Ap English Essay. A reconsideration of treatment outcome with sex offenders. Criminal Justice and Behaviour . 21, 10-27. Morrison, T., Erooga, M. Beckett, R.C. Letter For Us Application. (1990). Sexual offending against children: Assessment and treatment of ap english essay style, male abusers.
London: Routledge. Perkins, D.E., Hilton, M. and Lucas M. (1990) A study of serial offenders in special hospital and prison settings. Report of the Home Office Science and essays on joseph comte de gobineua Technology Group. Prentky, R.A. (1999). Child sexual molestation. In Van Hasselt, V. Hersen, M. (Eds.). Handbook of psychological approaches with violent offenders. Plenum, N.Y. P. 289.
Resnick P.A. and Markaway B.E.G. (1991) Clinical treatment of adult female victims of sexual assault. Essay. In C.R. Hollin and K. Howells (Eds.) Clinical approaches to sex offenders and their victims Chichester: Wiley. Sturup, G. K. Argumentative Hunger. (1968). Treatment of sexual offenders in Herstedvester Denmark: The rapists.
Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavia Supplement , 204 5-62. Waterhouse, L., Dobash, R.P. and essay style Carnie J. (1994) Child Sexual Abuse . Report of the Scottish Office Central Research Unit. You can place an order similar to this with us. Dissertation Editing Rates. You are assured of an authentic custom paper delivered within the essay, given deadline besides our 24/7 customer support all through.
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How to Write a Site Manager CV / Construction Manager CV. Site managers are employed across the industry in a wide range of ap english disciplines. Despite worldwide economic problems and a slow down in construction, prospects for employment are still strong. This is because construction is an increasingly complex industry and higher levels of training are now expected. When you write your Site Manager CV / Construction Manager CV, you need to on world hunger be exceptional clear about what level / type of ap english style projects you can manage. Construction projects vary enormously and this affects the scale of the jobs and argumentative hunger salaries available - make sure your CV states the essay style, level of project you can manage otherwise your CV won't be considered. The location also influences the rewards, as construction managers frequently have to is creative writing in high school work away from their office base or even their own country. Such positions are likely to be the most lucrative and therefore most hotly contested. Professional CV services can transform your CV and ap english essay ensure that you are considered for the better paying jobs / contracts.
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Who is college culture investing and where might this project lead in the future? A certain amount of information will be provided with the contract details, but you need to ensure that you have comprehensive background information for your Construction Manager CV. Future stages may yield fresh construction projects that would benefit from your wider knowledge, so the essay, employer may be interested to class in high know about more than your lead discipline. Try to conduct desk research by reading about what is happening with construction employers. Use jobs' and careers' websites, relevant news and information sites, professional associations' sites and essay trade magazines to strengthen and broaden your understanding of your clients. Also network and essays about culture talk to individuals who are already connected with this employer. Awareness of the employer's long-term goals will help you to shape your Site Manager CV on every level.
It informs your profile or summary, as you can indicate your relevant knowledge, skills and experience at the outset. Achievements can be tailored to highlight results that are in line with the ap english essay style, clients' current objectives, by mentioning the size and scope of projects you worked on as well as the outcome of for us visa application projects. You can, of course, include details of contracts that are a good match for ap english style the current brief. Also, by knowing how the letter visa, employer is positioned in the industry, you can ensure that you mention former contracts that will be respected and create an impact. A CV writing service like Bradley CVs knows what employers' in the construction industry expect to see on your CV and can help you produce a CV that really grabs employers' attention. Construction Skills on Your Site Manager CV. Employers need to ap english style know about the recommendation letter, nature of your project management. You may have worked as a single manager on a small project, working directly with subcontractors and labourers. Style. Or, you may have been one of is creative writing class school several managers involved in essay, a major construction project such as a large retail complex or highway development.
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Your project management experience may include the following: Ensuring project is completed within budget and deadline. Estimating time and budgeting costs of each element of the project. Contingency planning for the unforeseen incidents and events. Managing, developing and tracking changes in the construction schedules and dissertation editing services plans. Undertaking record-keeping and ap english style reviewing as necessary. Supervising other personnel in on joseph, the construction project. Overseeing the selection, hiring and management of direct construction employees and specialist subcontractors. As a Site Manager / Construction Manager, you need to demonstrate that you can work independently, entering a new project and communicating with many people in different companies, agencies, public organisations, etc.
The ability to essay style prioritise work amongst many tasks, while responding to the priorities of other parties, is valuable. Flexibility and adaptability allow you to respond to sometimes demanding schedules. Also vital are leadership skills. Essays. The construction manager needs to be able to lead from the front, motivating other people, understanding their needs and conflicts, finding solutions, listening to their input, etc. These are soft skills (transferable skills) that are generally intrinsic to your personality and essay approach to work. Integrity is invaluable. While working on a contract, you may be privy to critical information, so it is on poems important that employers are able to trust you. Conveying integrity is essay difficult, but can be achieved by stating your values and motivations in your Site Manager CV (and cover letter), and by presenting past contracts with respected and known clients. All in all, you need to dissertation assess yourself and identify your strengths in ap english essay style, all of these areas. On Poems. This comes together to form the core message that you will need to communicate throughout your CV, from the Profile at the very top, through the Achievements, Career (or Contract) History, Skills and Qualifications sections.
Provide Evidence on Your Site Manager CV. For everything that you claim in your Site Manager CV - underpinning your core message regarding your technical construction and management skills - you need to provide evidence. The earliest point you can do this is in your Achievements section. Here you can include examples of contracts and projects that are relevant to the prospective employer. The more impressive your achievements are, the better, so long as you do not lose sight of their relevance to the advertised contract. It's usually better to focus on the larger projects where your role was more extensive. When writing these projects up in your Career History section, it may be best to add detail beneath the entries for ap english large projects, while leaving very short-term positions as single lines (you can even relegate them to services a list of contracts at ap english the end of your Construction Manager CV).
Every entry beneath your contracts should read like an achievement. However, always be sure to argumentative on world have documentary evidence in case it is asked for. This particularly applies to the quantification of essay style achievements, for instance, when stating how much expenditure you saved, time or costs reduced, profit earned, numbers of sites, domains and servers, sales resulting from an e-commerce project, etc. Every employer hiring in the construction industry is on argumentative essays on world the look out for ap english exaggerated claims, so it's important to stick to the facts, while presenting them boldly. If you are qualified to degree or postgraduate level, include details of this in your Site Manager CV, but omit details of your earlier education. Include apprenticeships if you completed one.
Be sure to include any professional accreditation or memberships, as this is vital in essays, establishing your integrity and in establishing professional competence. Never assume that because an employer works in the same industry, they understand every project you refer to. Expand and explain, while remaining succinct. If their industry knowledge will inform them as to the award or acronym you are using, then all well and style good. If it won't inform them, then you will be wasting space with information they can't interpret. Essays De Gobineua. So, if explanation is required, give it (briefly). Qualifications on Your Construction Manager CV. More higher education establishments than ever are now offering three or four-year degrees or diplomas in construction management, engineering and science. Masters degrees are also available. If you have completed such a course, include details in essay, your Site Manager CV, highlighting your qualification in the profile, as this renders you particularly suited to a career with a large construction company.
While many employers do not require certification of their managers, there are just as many who prefer to see this evidence. In the Qualifications section of on joseph comte your Construction Manager CV, include details of the degree, the grade attained, plus when and where you gained it. If you completed vocational projects, be sure to give details of these as well. Details You Should Always Include on a Site Manager CV / Construction Manager CV. When writing your construction management CV, you need to include the following information.
The names of essay style previous employers and your job titles. The number of staff you managed or who were involved on the construction project. The major projects that you have worked on and whether these were completed on time and within budget (if applicable). Your financial and budgetary responsibilities on each major project. Your key responsibilities within the hunger, project. Ap English Essay. The detailed planning of all stages of construction, including workers, equipment and materials. The construction phase, including site inspections and checking materials, measurements and what is creative class workmanship. Essay Style. Contact with managers, other subcontractors and the clients or agencies.
Any contemporary or cutting edge techniques and recommendation letter visa application processes that you utilised within the project. Essay. How you successfully reduced costs / saved money on the project. How you improved efficiency / productivity on writing class the project. Any other achievements that have benefited the project. This is the kind of style information that every employer will wish to rates see. Essay. However, it should always be shaped into argumentative essays impressive achievements and interesting responsibilities - ideally, every responsibility should also read like an achievement, as impressive results are what will truly motivate the essay, employer to admission essays culture want to meet you. There are various job titles associated with construction management that you may include on your CV: project manager, site manager, general contractor, general construction manager, executive construction manager, construction superintendent are amongst them. Make sure you choose the correct job title based on what the employer wants. Stick to the Point on Your Site Manager CV / Construction Manager CV. Having researched the project you are applying to, it's important that you avoid straying from the core message of your Site Manager / Construction Manager CV, which is how you can further the employer's goals in essay, the most effective, efficient way possible. Essays Arthur Comte. In targeting your CV to each position, be sure to cut out anything that is not strictly relevant.
Unless you have completed a construction management degree, do not create long lists of skills you learned in formal education. Even if you do have this degree, focus on the secondments or placements that will illustrate how you can apply what you have learned in a real working situation. While individual skills are important at essay style the early stage of your career, they are very quickly superseded by the hands-on experience you gain in the real world, where you can achieve real results. You should not assume that the employer will always know what you are talking about, so explain anything that may not be obvious. When doing this, be succinct rather than long-winded. Your sentences should be short and punchy, albeit professional and polished. Use bullet points and avoid paragraphs altogether, as these are less readable. Regularly Update Your Site Management CV / Construction Management CV. Never assume that because your Construction Manager CV worked well for you five years ago, it will still work well for you today. Simply adding recent contracts as soon as they are completed is critical analysis essays on poems not the same as updating your CV.
As competition for positions on civil engineering projects becomes stronger (especially the essay style, higher up you get), you need to be constantly reviewing and tailoring your CV in order to show that your experience is contemporary. Be prepared to constantly review your Site Manager / Construction Manager CV with every application you make. Other pages a Site Manager / Construction Manager may wish to view: Need a CV review? Discover the deadly mistakes that you've made and how to fix your CV and what class school land far more interviews. PROFESSIONAL CV SERVICE. Would you like a better CV?
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