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bib multiple benefit Get via App Store Read this post in our app! Because of the plan essay great answers posted around in plan essay exam, the site, I'm finally considering to do the switch and move to plan essay exam biblatex . So, the question is what do I have to do? To give the question some focus, assume that I already have a somewhat largish .bib file and a bunch of documents using natbib for my references. What do I have to need for financial change in my existing .bib and .tex files? And what about coauthors? Would it be reasonably simple to instruct them how to work with the new documents using biblatex ? Do they have to install new software/packages as well? I've made the switch from natbib to biblatex two years ago, so I should be able to answer this. That said, Seamus, Simon Byrne, and essay, domwass have already made lots of good points. (For anyone still asking Why should I use biblatex ?: See this answer [shameless plug].) With natbib , a model LaTeX document would look as follows: With biblatex and its built-in styles, this changes to: Note that I used autocite instead of parencite which is the actual counterpart of natbib 's citep . autocite is a high-level citation command that will be translated into the low-level bare citation command appropriate for writing in uk the chosen style - e.g. it will enclose a citation in parentheses in essay, authoryear styles, but produce a footnote citation in plan essay exam, authortitle styles. Even more, it will automatically move trailing punctuation.
For some of the essay exam custom (not already built-in) biblatex styles, additional preamble adjustments may be advisable - see the example provided by Seamus for biblatex-apa . Plan Essay Exam. As Simon Byrne has mentioned: If you don't want to change every instance of citep and plan essay exam, citet in biophysical interactions, every document to its biblatex counterpart, use the natbib=true compatibility option. Typically, you'll select one or several local .bib files as your bibliographic database; however, addbibresource also allows to load remote resources and other data types (e.g., ris ). domwass has already mentioned that changes to your .bib files are not mandatory, but you'll miss some of the goodies offered by biblatex . When I switched to biblatex , I changed my address fields to location and my journal fields to journaltitle . I also added hyphenation fields in order to plan be able to switch languages on a per-entry basis in the bibliography. biblatex will work for the most part with traditional BibTeX and its 8-bit version bibtex8 , but I recommend the use of 25 worst analogies school Biber (the default backend since biblatex v2.0) for plan exam the following reasons: Full unicode support. No capacity issues. (In contrast, when using BibTeX with bibliographies of plan essay exam about one hundred entries, I've run into exam, errors disguised as obscure warnings - see section 2.4.2 of the biblatex manual for clothing fashion essays details.) Multiple or subdivided bibliographies will always be processed in a single pass. Many biblatex features introduced since v1.1 (e.g., advanced name disambiguation, smart crossref data inheritance, configurable sorting schemes, dynamic datasource modification) are Biber only. Biber is included in TeXLive and MiKTeX; latexmk also supports the use of Biber. Converting from natbib is pretty straightforward: the minimal requirements are in the header: and where you want the bibliography: The natbib option will automatically create the relevant aliases for plan exam the citep and citet commands, so you can use them as before. If your file has previously been compiled using natbib , you may need to delete some of the auxiliary files created by essay on being a hero, LaTeX and BibTeX ( .aux , .bbl , . blg ) for it to work properly. Regarding coauthors, the plan main issue is that everyone uses the essay writing jobs same version (as the package is still being developed, some of the essay exam options have changed between versions). Analogies School. Some prominent linux distributions can be quite tardy with their updates.
Just to add to what was previously said: Although you do not need to change anything in your .bib file in order to exam use biblatex , you will have to make some changes if you would like to plan essay exam benefit from some features that biblatex provides. For example (this is plan exam, not meant to plan essay exam be a complete list): publisher and location are list fields: you could still use, for example, address = (with address being an essay exam, alias for location ), but then you cannot make use of the option maxitems ( maxitems=1 would still give you “Berlin, New York”); in order to make use of this option, you would have to change to address = (or location instead of address ), which would then give “Berlin et al.” with maxitems=1 . Biophysical Interactions Essay. A similar case are some options regarding the plan essay appearance of date specifications: instead of clothing fashion essays using the fields year , month and day , you should use the date field with an ISO formatted date, e.g. date = or urldate = . Then, biblatex can make use of some options like “date=short” etc. biblatex offers some additional fields that other packages do not provide, e.g. subtitle , titleaddon , maintitle for multi-volume works, editortype , and many more. Nothing really needs to change in your .bib to make the plan exam switch. Biber is also optional (but recommended). biblatex can still work with a standard LaTeX and BibTeX compile. biblatex should be part of most (relatively up to date) TeX distributions now. (correct me if I'm wrong. ). Otherwise, it's a fairly standard package installation from CTAN. To get something close to natbib look into the authoryear and apa citation/reference styles. (Warning: to get biblatex-apa working you may need to update your versions of fashion essays biblatex and biblatex-apa , so it might be best going with authoryear at first. ) As an plan essay, example, here's the relevant parts of a preamble to biophysical essay a recent paper of mine: And then where I want my bibliography (at the end. ):
You also need to replace citep with parencite and citet with textcite . There might be other similar minor changes, but those are the ones I use. [edit: apparently you don't need to do this, see Simon Byrne's answer] This answer is plan, more related to the question “Biblatex guide?”, but because of fashion [duplicate] mark on it — with which I strongly disagree :) — I post it here. Plan. Let me introduce a biblatex -related document I prepared some time ago. It consists of three parts. and fashion essays, contains a detailed example of plan using biblatex for numbered footnote citation scheme. This document can be seen as a practical introductory guide, but also — for experienced users — as an example of the school biblatex workflow for plan essay exam highly customized bibliography. It includes thorough discussion of all introduced biblatex customizations (including appearance of references in the main text and in the bibliography) as well as an example of the customized numeric-comp biblatex style.
I made the switch from natbib to biblatex for my master's thesis. Here's the complete diff. I also had to do make clean and clothing fashion, sudo apt-get install biblatex .
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moscow essay INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF. RUSSIAN STUDIE S. RIVALRY BETWEEN MOSCOW AND ST PETERSBURG – THE CONTRASTING IDEOLOGIES OF CONSERVATISM AND WESTERNISM IN RUSSIA EMBODIED IN THE TWO CAPITALS. This paper argues that the two capitals of Russia, namely Moscow and St Petersburg, have each played a unique and defining role in the birth and development of the essay, ideologies of Westernisation and conservatism in Russia. With their distinctive characters and ways of 25 worst analogies in high life, the two cities have constituted two poles in Russian political history as well as literature and art. Essay Exam? This paper tries to give the reader a brief picture of both cities from an architectural, cultural, historical and clothing fashion essays above all political and ideological perspective. Thus, in an attempt to plan exam, explore the different roles the need for financial, two cities have played in Russian political history, the paper takes a brief look at exam the history and dynamics that shaped the distinctive ideologies of the biophysical, two capitals.
Finally, the paper tries to make a clear identification and comparison of the character and roles of the two capitals in Russian political life and plan history. Key Words: Moscow, St Petersburg, Autocracy, Conservatism, Moscow-Third Rome, Petrine Revolution, Westernisation, Slavophilism. There is no doubt that Moscow and St Petersburg are among the most popular tourist destinations in the world today. The two capitals of Russia, with their outstanding beauty and essay rich history, attract millions of tourists every year from all over the world. No place better represents Russia than Red Square (Krasnaya Ploshchad). Its name comes from the word “krasnyi”, which once meant “beautiful”, and has only come to mean “red” in the contemporary Russian language. The name became official in essay exam, the middle of the 17th century; previously it had been Trinity Square. 
Trinity Cathedral, which is often known as the predecessor of St Basil’s, gave its name to the square. It was also known as “Fire Square”, due to the number of fires that swept away “medieval Moscow”. There is also a myth that it was named “red” because of the bloody executions that were publicly held in plan essay exam, the square. Whatever its name means, one can witness thousands of years of history walking the brick road of this plaza, which was long used by plan exam the Kremlin for celebrations and especially military parades. The “Teatralnaya Ploshchad”, or Theater Square, which is located near Red Square, hosts the world-famous “Bolshoi Theater” and t he lesser known “ Maly Theater”. Walking south-west, you reach “Okhotny Ryad” to “Manezhnaya Ploshchad”, or Manezh Square.
The square centres on the statue of biophysical interactions Marshall Zhukov, the heroic commander of the Red Army in the Second World War. The former Central Lenin Museum  provides the background. Entering Red Square through the Resurrection Gate, you see Kazan Cathedral on your left . The amazing State History Museum is located at the north end of the square. The enormous, elaborate facade occupying the east side of the square is the State Department Store, better known as GUM. The mighty towers of the Kremlin dominate the west side of the plan exam, square. Lenin’s Mausoleum, which is located near the writing jobs, centre of the Square, is still open for visitors.
At the plan essay exam, far end of Red Square, the colourful confusion of onion domes and tent peaks is the Cathedral of St Basil the Blessed , the 16th-century church that is probably Moscow’s most recognisable sight. The original name of the fashion essays, church is the exam, Intercession of the Virgin Cathedral, named for the feast day on which the army of Ivan IV the Terrible captured the city of Kazan in 1552. One chapel was built over the grave of Vasily (Basil) the Blessed, whose name has stuck for aid essay, the whole church. From here you can continue strolling south to the Moscow River for fabulous views of the gold domes of the Kremlin churches rising up over the red brick walls. The so-called Seven Sisters are perhaps the most recognisable contributions of the Stalinist period to the city.
Seven massive skyscrapers scattered throughout the city at about an equal distance from the Kremlin still echo the Communist past of Russia. St Petersburg, the undisputed cultural capital of Russia, is often referred to as the “Venice of the North” with its beautiful canals, bridges and architecture. The city was intentionally planned and built by exam Peter the Great (1672-1725) as the window of Russia to for financial aid essay, the West. Since its foundation, St Petersburg pioneered the idea of “Westernisation” and became a fortress of its supporters. The location of the new capital — where the Neva River meets the Baltic Sea — also symbolised the liberation of plan essay exam Russia from aid essay, its obsolete traditions and revealed the process of the “Russian awakening”.
St Petersburg was created not only by architects, but by poets. Russia’s new capital  became an inspiration for the works of the greatest poets of Russia, from Alexander Sergeevich Pushkin to Marina Tsvetaeva. Russia’s greatest poet, Pushkin, drew a marvellous image of this beautiful city in his famous narrative poem “ - The Bronze Horseman” (1833): , , ,  I love you, work of Peter, I love your sober and harmonious outlook. Pushkin’s poem further describes how Peter the Great decided to “cut a window on Europe”. . 
Here nature instructs us, To cut a window on Europe. Today, St Petersburg still remains Russia’s “window to the West”. It is a common observation that far more English is spoken here than in Moscow, and St Petersburgers have a more welcoming attitude towards tourists. St Petersburg is often considered compact and essay exam calm compared to plan essay exam, urban and plan noisy Moscow. The Nevsky Prospekt features the best architecture of the city.
Standing on the Troitsky Bridge, one can see a great panoramic view of the city, where reflections of the palaces and main buildings shimmer on the Neva River. On the other side of the Neva is located the Peter and Paul Fortress, which was built to defend the city and for financial was later used as a prison. The magnificent spire of the Peter and Paul Cathedral with its winged angel blessing the city constitutes a great composition with the fortress and the Neva River. Along the left bank of the Neva there is a line of palaces culminating in the royal Romanov Winter Palace, which is currently home to the world-famous Hermitage Museum. The museum not only plan essay exam offers the most famous masterpieces of painters such as Rembrandt, da Vinci and Matisse, but also displays magnificent ballrooms and throne rooms, reminders of the days of imperial life. The museum offers such a grand collection of plan essay exam paintings that if a visitor stops in front of plan exam every exhibit for at clothing fashion least 30 seconds, a tour of the entire collection would take more than seven years (given an eight-hour viewing day). The beautiful Palace Square in front of the Hermitage features the Alexander Column. It was near the Senate building where the rebel Decembrists faced the firing squads of the Emperor in 1825.
At night, St Isaac’s Cathedral and the Senate building offer a magnificent view in the beams of projectors. The famous monument of Peter the Great, “the Bronze Horseman”, stands as a symbol of the city, reminding its viewers of Pushkin’s unforgettable poem. If you take a walk near the Neva at dawn, you will see the 13 beautiful drawbridges of Petersburg lifting up their hands to the heavens while beneath them slide vessels. Crossing the Moika Canal one can reach the Yusupov Palace, where Grigory Rasputin was murdered. The bridge across the Griboyedov Canal offers a perfect view of Kazan Cathedral, which reminds visitors of essay a small-scaled version of St Peter’s Basilica in Rome. One of the most beautiful cathedrals of Saint Petersburg, the Saviour-on-the-Blood, was erected on the spot where Russian Emperor Alexander II was murdered on 1 March 1881. Petrodvorets (Peter’s Palace), t he Anichkov Bridge across the Fontanka Canal with Pytor Klodt’s four famous sculptures — wild horses with their tamers — adorning its four corners, the Mariinsky Theatre, Vasilievsky Island, the Old St Petersburg Stock Exchange between the Rostral Columns, Mikhailov Gardens, and the classical Russian Museum are only some of the countless beauties that “the city of white nights” offers. This bright and biophysical essay lively Petersburg gives a completely different picture than Fyodor Dostoevsky’s image of Petersburg. In his masterpiece Crime and Punishment , Dostoevsky describes the city from the eyes of the hero of his novel, Raskolnikov.
Dostoevsky’s Petersburg is a terrible, cold, merciless and suffocating city where lonely souls are lost inside the crowds. It is a city that kills the plan, good inside and liberates evil from its chains. Dostoevsky’s criticism of Petersburg is not the sole example in Russian literature and political thought. The rivalry between the two capitals of Russia, Moscow and Petersburg, has often been materialised in fashion, the works of famous writers. Gogol was perhaps the foremost among them.
Being the poles of the exam, longstanding dispute between Slavophilism and Westernism, the two cities’ contrasting personalities have been apparent in their social composition, cultural outlook and even architectural styles. This great difference of atmosphere between the two cities is easily sensed by visitors. The two capitals, each playing its own role in Russian history and political thought, demonstrate the two different faces of Russia. In an attempt to identify the differences of fashion character between the essay, two cities, this paper will examine the reasons for the division of roles of the plan essay exam, two capitals of Russia. The Birth of Moscow. Archaeological evidence indicates that the territory that is now Moscow has been occupied since the Neolithic epoch. The oldest settlements, dated at three thousand years before our era, were discovered within the plan essay exam, area of the present-day city. In the 8th and 9th centuries Slavic tribes started to occupy areas near the Moskva River. These were the tribes of the plan essay exam, Kryvichi and Vjatichi, who are regarded as the kernel of the future Moscow population. The first reference to plan essay, “the village of Moscow” was made in an old Russian manuscript of 1147. In 1156, Prince Yuri Vladimirovich Dolgoruky erected timber walls on the present-day site of the Kremlin . In High? He is regarded as the founder of the city of Moscow.  His monument, which is located near Tverskaya Street, is among the city’s most visited touristic attractions.
Surrounding forest belt provided the city a limited degree of essay exam protection from the invaders. Essay? Its unique location adjacent to several rivers also helped it to become a trade centre. From the 10th to the 13th centuries, Kievan Rus’  (Russia of Kiev) was the dominant figure of the Russian land, and it was well-integrated into the medieval economic system. The Tartar (or Tatar) invasion, which resumed in 1237 and lasted more than 250 years, tore Russia away from the plan, West. For Financial Aid Essay? The invasion, facilitated by the breakup of Kievan Rus ’, was followed by the division of the East Slavic people into three separate nations: modern day Russia , Ukraine and Belarus . Exam? Despite having devastating consequences for Kievan Rus’, the fashion essays, Tartar rule played an important role in the rise of Moscow and subsequently the Russian Empire . Moscow became the seat of the grand dukes of plan essay Vladimir-Suzdal (1271), who later assumed the title of grand dukes of Moscow. By 1325, Moscow’s princes obtained the sole right to rule over the Russian territories and collect tribute for the Golden Horde . During the rule of Dmitri Donskoi , the first stone walls of the Kremlin were built (1367). With its location at the crossroads of trade routes and its leadership in need for financial, the struggle against the Tatar rule, “ Muscovy” gradually achieved dominance over the neighbouring principalities. The head of the Russian Orthodox Church relocated to Moscow in the 14th century in recognition of the city’s growing authority.
The Prince of Moscow, Ivan III, rolled back the Tatar invaders , following which the plan, city became the writing jobs in uk, capital of the expanding Muscovite state. By the plan, 15th century Moscow became the capital of the Russian national state, and in 1547 Grand Duke Ivan IV became the first to assume the title of Tsar. The Moscow Kremlin, which was built in essay, the beginning of the 15th century, is a benchmark of that epoch. During the period of expansion, the young state was thrown into chaos when Ivan IV passed away without leaving an heir. In the ensuing power struggle, the plan exam, country was invaded by writing in uk several foreign armies before the Russian people were able once again to gain control of Moscow and elect a new Tsar, marking the beginning of the Romanov dynasty (1613–1917). During the reign of Peter the essay exam, Great, there was strong progress in interactions, the arts and sciences in Moscow, and in essay exam, Russia as a whole. In 1703 the first printed newspaper appeared ( Vedomosti ), and in 1755 Moscow University was opened. The large-scale growth of manufacturing in Moscow during the 17th century, which necessitated an outlet to the sea, was instrumental in Peter’s decision to build St Petersburg on the Baltic. The capital was transferred to St Petersburg in 1712, but Moscow’s cultural and fashion social life continued uninterrupted and the city remained Russia’s religious centre. Following the Battle of Borodino in August of 1812, Moscow was left to Napoleon’s troops.  However, before the arrival of the French in exam, the city, it was burnt by clothing the Moscovites  almost entirely.
Fires and plan exam hunger forced the French army to leave Moscow.  After the liberation of the city, a commission was authorised for the reconstruction of Moscow. The present-day appearance of the Moscow city centre is rooted in those times. Thus, the plan essay exam, Alexandrov Garden and Theatre Square appeared with the Bolshoi and Maly theatres, as well as the buildings of Manezh and the First Gradskaya hospital. Towards the end of the 19th century it became the second industrial centre in Russia (after St Petersburg), partially due to the rapid growth of railway communication. The first telegraph line was constructed in 1852, connecting the two Russian capitals. The first telephone lines were organised between Moscow and Petersburg in the late 1890s. The 19th century is considered as the golden age for arts and science, and Moscow was the essay exam, intellectual birthplace of essay a hero many famous Russian artists, writers like Pushkin, Gogol’, Tolstoi, Chekhov and exam Herzen. The 19th century also marked the development of the need, Slavophile movement, whose “holy” centre was Moscow. The process of rapid industrialisation and the formation of the labour class helped the communistic ideas of Karl Marx to essay exam, spread among the working classes and biophysical interactions essay intelligentsia in Moscow.
The Krasnaya Presnya rebellion of 1905 and the July strikes of 1914 were the essay, important milestones in the revolutionary process, which was finalised by the “Great October” Revolution of 1917. In 1918 the Soviet government, headed by V. Lenin, transferred the capital back to Moscow and fostered spectacular economic growth in the city. The Soviet Union was announced on 30 December 1922 by the All-Russia Communist Party of Bolsheviks (VKPB) with Moscow as its capital. During World War II, Moscow was the goal of the German offensive. The German troops were stopped only 35–40 kilometres (near today’s Sheremetyevo Airport) from the city’s centre. Moscow’s architecture changed drastically with the construction of Soviet-style blocs to answer the jobs in uk, increasing need for housing. The most active construction process took place during the rule of Nikita Khrushchev in the 1960s. These small-sized flats, which are often referred to as “Xrushovki” in the Russian language, were constructed quickly to meet the urgent demand and are, therefore, far from being beautiful or diverse. Due to inadequate public funds, Moscow’s infrastructure suffered after the 1991 demise of the Soviet Union.
In the exam, late 1990s many ambitious reconstruction projects were launched and Moscow experienced a real-estate boom. Today, with its gigantic size, huge population and unbearable traffic jams, Moscow is considered one of the aid essay, most expensive metropolises of the world. Muscovite Russia – The Centre of Autocracy and Absolutism. The political evolution of plan exam Russia has occurred in an opposite direction compared to that of the essay jobs in uk, West due to geographic, political and cultural reasons. After the plan essay, conquest of Siberia, the borders of Russia were extended vastly, covering an for financial aid essay, immense territory and making her the largest kingdom on earth in the 17th century. Plan Essay Exam? This vast territory was exposed to the threat of Mongol and Turkic tribes. Essay Writing Jobs In Uk? These conditions created a suitable environment for plan exam, the development and justification of the concept of “ autocracy” in Russia. This feeling of insecurity led in Muscovite Russia to the development of writing jobs a “military dictatorship”. The entire Russian nation consisted of serfs: the plan essay exam, development of a privileged aristocracy and a class of self-governing burghers was impeded.
The absence of private property led to the complete concentration of power in clothing fashion, the hands of Russia’s rulers. Until the 19th century, Muscovite Russian cities were mainly made up of rural populations engaged in agriculture and lacking powers of self-government. The consequence of these conditions in medieval Russia was the absence of an independent nobility and private property. Thus, the lack of these two key institutions, which served to plan essay exam, limit the powers of kings in the West, helped the Russian rulers to consolidate their absolute power. Another contributing factor to the rise of an extreme form of autocracy was the Orthodox religion. Byzantine dogma held politics to be the responsibility of the in high, rulers and this helped the emergence in Russia of essay a form of monarchy that, in its powers, exceeded anything known in the West even in the age of absolutism. European travellers to Muscovy perceived its rulers as possessing unlimited authority and disregarding private property rights.
The Russian monarchy emerged as a sovereign power in the second half of the 15th century. Plan Essay Exam? Until then, Russian rulers had been vassals of both Byzantium and essay exam of the Mongol-Tartar Golden Horde. The capture of writing in uk Constantinople by essay exam the Turks in 1453 ended Russia’s dependence on the Byzantine Empire. Essay? Shortly afterward, the Golden Horde fell apart. As a result, by 1480, in the reign of Ivan III, the rulers of Muscovy could claim, at first cautiously and then boldly, the title of “samoderzhets”, a translation of the Greek “autokrates”, which meant sovereign: that is, a ruler dependent of any external power. The term “Tsar”, an adaptation of Caesar, now also began to gain currency: it was formally adopted in 1547.  During the plan exam, century that followed, the rulers of Muscovy came to claim imperial prerogatives on the grounds that they were the world’s only Orthodox sovereigns and, as such, the world’s only true Christian rulers. However, from the 1470s onward, Russia’s rulers were also addressed by another term, one which survived until 1917: “gosudar”, commonly translated as “sovereign”.
This terminology provides a clue to the patrimonial nature of fashion essays emergent Russian absolutism. Once they had shaken off Mongol domination, the rulers of Moscow suddenly became sovereigns. Essay? They considered their realm as patrimonial property, property inherited from plan essay exam, their fathers, for which Russians used the term “votchina”. Thus, it comes as no surprise that both Ivan III (1440–1505) and his son Basil III (1479–1533), like Ivan I before them, continued to refer to Muscovy as their “patrimony” (votchina). Plan?  During the essay, reigns of Ivan III, Basil III and Ivan IV, neither privileged status nor private property were tolerated. Thus, the kind of aristocracy seen in Western Europe could not be created. The Boyar Duma (1547-1711), often referred to plan essay exam, as “the boyars”, was a royal council. Its officials were invited by the Tsar.
The Duma was not able to take the initiative to convene and it dealt only with matters that were submitted by the Tsar himself. In sum, the 25 worst analogies in high essays, Duma was unable to limit the authority of the exam, Tsars. The “Zemskie sobory”, or Land Assemblies, which are considered to have been founded in 1549 or 1550, were also unable to restrain the Muscovite rulers. The majority of their deputies were government officials appointed by the crown. Their sole purpose was to plan essay exam, strengthen the government’s control over the provinces. Thus, the Assemblies never became politically influential institutions like their European counterparts. In this patrimonial state, the monarchs were free to exam, legislate and were confronted by neither private property nor established social estates, which, by their existence, set limits to authority. The Birth of the Conservative Ideology: Muscovy – The Third Rome. In the 330s, Emperor Constantine deserted the Tiber for the Bosphorus and built there a “New Rome”, which became the centre of the fashion essays, seven ecumenical councils and exam the home of the plan essay exam, Orthodox emperors and plan essay exam patriarchs.  In line with the decision of the Council of Constantinople held in 381, the Byzantines themselves actually regarded their state as the “New Rome”.
For over a thousand years, the essay a hero, “New Rome” dedicated itself to the duty of preserving three great heritages: the classical Greek, imperial Rome and the church fathers. During that time the empire and the church became so inextricably interrelated that the clergy could not imagine Christianity without the essay exam, emperor. A corollary of this was the concept that the empire must endure as long as Christianity itself. Essay On Being?  In search of plan essay exam Western military assistance against the Ottoman threat, Byzantium agreed at the Council of Florence-Ferrara in 1439 to rejoin the Catholic Church. Thus, the primacy of the plan essay exam, Pope was acknowledged and all doctrinal issues dividing the two churches were conceded by the Byzantium. This accord was denied and considered as a betrayal of plan essay exam faith by the Russian Orthodox Church. According to Orthodox theology, there could be no Christian church without a secular power to protect it and enforce its teachings; there had to be a “Third Rome” with its own emperor. When Constantinople was conquered in 1453 by writing in uk the Ottomans, Russia remained the only rightful claimant to the status of Third Rome.  This notion, in turn, led to the development of the theory of plan Moscow - The Third Rome formulated apparently sometime in biophysical interactions essay, the 1530s by the monk Filofei (Philotheus).  Filofei articulated his theory in one terse sentence: “Dva Rima padosha, a tretii stoit, a chetvertom ne byti”: “Two Romes have fallen, the third stands, and a fourth there will not be.”  Implicit in that statement was the belief that Russia was destined to essay, rule the world and essay that the Russian Tsar was the ruler of all humanity.
The responsibility of preserving the world’s cultural heritage was now on the shoulders of Muscovy. Even in the 19th century, this religious mission remained one of the main springs of Pan-Slavist thinking. With the preparation of plan The Book of Degrees of the clothing, Royal Genealogy ( Stepennaia kniga ) by plan Metropolitan Macarius  in 1560–1563, Ivan IV was presented as the legitimate heir of the Roman and Byzantine emperors. With the support of the Church, the Russian rulers were now endowed with unrestrained power and the Church itself came under the full authority and control of the Tsars. The rulers of Moscow appointed the highest of dignitaries and removed them at will. This voluntary subordination of the Russian Church to the state led to the bureaucratisation of the clergy and spared Russia the kind of struggle between the ecclesiastical and secular authorities that had afflicted Catholic Europe through much of the Middle Ages. The highly bureaucratised Russian Church also became hostile to all independent religious thought and condemned all sorts of essay independent thinking.
Thus, at the beginning of essay exam her new autonomous existence, Muscovy was given a sharp thrust towards conservatism and an admonition to on being, watch warily against perverting influences from the essay, outside, especially from Western Europe.  St Petersburg – Russia’s Window to Europe. The name of St Petersburg has been changed three times in plan essay exam, history due to the changing political climate in Russia. Essay? However, the city is interactions essay still called simply “Peter” by its residents. Petersburg did not grow up like other towns. Neither commerce nor geopolitics can account for its development. Rather, it was built as a work of art. Essay Exam? Petersburg was conceived as a composition of natural elements – water, stone and sky. Amsterdam and Venice were early inspirations for the layout of the palace-lined canals and embankments. Peter the Great was eclectic in his architectural tastes and essay borrowed what he liked from Europe’s capitals.
The austere classical baroque style of plan exam Petersburg’s churches, which set them apart from Moscow’s brightly coloured onion domes, was a mixture of essay St Paul’s cathedral in London, St Peter’s in Rome and the single-spired churches of Riga, in what is now Latvia.  Important capitals of Europe like London, Paris or Vienna were built over several centuries with the accumulation of plan essay a great heritage, tradition and culture, reflecting different styles of diverse periods. However, Petersburg was completed within only fifty years and according to one single set of principles. According to Orlando Figes, St Petersburg was more than a city. It was a vast, almost utopian, project of cultural engineering to reconstruct the Russian as a European man.  For Dostoyevsky, it was the “most abstract and intentional city in the whole round world”. Plan Essay Exam?  In fact, every detail of the city was intentionally designed for the refusal of essay “medieval Muscovy” and to compel the Russians to adopt a more European way of life. Clothing? As Peter conceived it, to become a citizen of plan Petersburg was to leave behind the “dark” and “backward” customs of the Russian past in Moscow and to enter, as a European Russian, the modern Western world of progress and enlightenment.  Laying the basis of a modern European state, Peter did not forget the noble class. By establishing a Table of Ranks, which ordered the for financial, nobles hierarchically according to their offices, he turned all nobles into servants of the Crown. He also allowed commoners to be given noble status for their service to the state. Thus, Peter’s new aristocracy was defined entirely by its position in the civil and military service, and rights and privileges were set accordingly.
The obsessive regulations introduced by exam Peter and the “obligatory imitation” of the European way of life gave St Petersburg the image of a hostile and oppressive place. Criticism of St Petersburg as a threat to the Russian way of life started to play a central role in Russian literature. Fashion Essays? This criticism was above all seen in Gogol’s novels. Gogol’s Petersburg was a cold and cruel city with lonely, haunted figures.  In Dostoevsky’s novel Crime and Punishment (1866), it was the home of criminals and plan essay exam murderers like Raskolnikov.  The northern capital was an analogies in high school, insular world teeming with ambition, where politics, culture and social life were inseparable and a careless remark could make or break a career. The city was, as Peter had intended, Russia’s “window to Europe”. Diplomats and emigres played important roles in plan, the society. For Financial Aid Essay? Ethnic non-Russians filled the plan essay, upper reaches of government; there were also European tutors and governesses, foreign-language newspapers, Catholic and Protestant churches and foreign scholars in the Imperial Academy of Sciences; finally, many foreign merchants and well-travelled Russian naval officers lived in essay in uk, the empire’s largest port city. Its location, its European architecture and its Germanic name further strengthened its identity as a bridge between Russia and Europe.  Looking from the architectural perspective, St Petersburg’s characteristic was a perfect synthesis of the Italian and Russian baroque styles. The harmonious network of avenues, squares, canals and parks, which were mostly planned and built by Italian architect Bartolomeo Rastrelli, gave an plan essay, architectural unity to interactions, the city.
Water, through the perfectly designed canals and plan the Neva River, added lightness to the heavy baroque style and movement to jobs, the buildings set along its edge. While the golden spire of the Admiralty became the topographical centre of the city, Falconet’s equestrian statute of Peter the Great, The Bronze Horseman, became the “new emblem” of Russia’s destiny. Rivalry between Moscow and St Petersburg: A Comparison of the Distinct. Characters of the Two Cities. A) Architectural Distinctions. As St Petersburg was intentionally built for plan essay, the sole purpose of forcing the essay on being, Russians to adopt the European way of life, its architecture also resembled an adoption of the Western cities. Its style was dictated by European fashion, whereas Moscow had a distinct rural atmosphere. Following the construction of St Petersburg, the population of Moscow fell drastically.
It had been reduced to a provincial capital and maintained that image until the middle of the 19th century. According to exam, the Empress Catherine, Moscow was a symbol of fanaticism while St Petersburg symbolised progress and civilisation. When in the early 1770s a part of Moscow had to be burned due to the Black Death, which swept through the city, Catherine saw an opportunity to reconstruct Moscow in writing jobs, the European style. However, this grand project could not be realised due to financial insufficiencies. When the plan essay, flames of the big fire of 1812 swallowed the city, a large construction process started. This was another chance to writing jobs in uk, rebuild the plan essay exam, city in a European style following the example of St Petersburg. Yet during this grand reconstruction process, the planners of the city did not try to imitate Western cities. They rather successfully mixed the European design with the fashion, distinctive Russian style. Moscow’s architectural character was defined largely by the Russian provinces.
Being located on the crossroads of Europe and the Asiatic steppe, it had absorbed these diverse influences and created its own distinctive style. The streets of Moscow reflected a mixture of oriental customs, colours and plan essay exam motifs. The poet Konstantin Batiushkov saw the city as a “bizarre mix” of East and West. In the image of Moscow one could still make out the influence of Genghiz Khan. Plan Essay Exam? Moscow’s semi-oriental nature was given full expression in the so-called neo-Byzantine style of architecture that dominated its reconstruction in the 1830s and 1840s. The architecture mixed elements of the neo-Gothic and medieval Russian styles with Byzantine and classical motifs. Exam?  The city also imposed its style on its provinces. Many provinces, Kazan being the most remarkable example, adopted the essay writing in uk, architecture of Moscow as a model. Moscow’s role as the cultural capital of the Russian provinces was thus confirmed.
B) Europeanisation versus Isolation. In an attempt to achieve his ambitious goal to create a continental military power and a European Russia, Peter the Great travelled to European cities. Hiding his identity, he worked as an ordinary shipbuilder in plan, Holland to learn new maritime technologies. Following his return, he started an enforced adaptation process of European models of navy, military schools, law and Table of for financial aid essay Ranks (civil service), which he believed to be necessary for Russia to become a modern European state. Pioneering the Westernisation process, Peter dressed in Western clothes, shaved his beard and did not strictly follow the plan exam, religious duties of the Orthodox Church. He hated everything that Moscow symbolised: archaic culture, superstition, religious fanaticism and resentment of the West. The Petrine Revolution  in Russian culture and politics created a contrast between Moscow and St Petersburg. While St Petersburg symbolised everything about for financial aid essay Westernisation, Moscow was the symbol of the plan essay exam, historical and cultural isolation of Russia from Europe.
The Renaissance and essay writing the Reformation, which swept the whole of Europe, did not have any influence on Muscovy. It took no part in maritime discoveries or the scientific revolutions of the plan essay exam, early modern era. It had no great cities in the European sense, no universities or public schools apart from interactions essay, monastery academies and no real middle class. The projection of Russia into Europe has always been the “raison d’etre” of St Petersburg. It was not simply Peter’s “window on Europe” – as Pushkin once described the capital – but an open doorway through which Europe entered Russia and the Russians made their entry into the world. Exam? 
C) Contrasting Ideologies. Russia’s cultural turn away from Europe accelerated during the reign of Nicholas I.  The Tsar and his ideologists felt sympathy towards the 25 worst analogies in high school, Slavophile doctrine that associated Russia with the eastern traditions of Byzantium. This departure of Russia from the European tradition led to the re-emergence of Moscow as the “genuine capital” of plan exam Russia. Essay In Uk? This conscious rejection of Europeanisation and return to the ancient native traditions was soon mythologised as a national renaissance. The ideological confrontation between the Westernisers and the Slavophiles laid the basis of the opposition between Moscow and plan essay exam St Petersburg. For the plan essay exam, Westernisers, Petersburg was the essay, symbol of their Europe-oriented ideas for Russia. The Slavophiles, however, idealised Moscow, whose way of life was more provincial and was closer to the habits of the Russian people. 25 Worst Analogies School Essays? For them, the customs and traditions of the old Rus’ were embodied in Moscow, reflecting the real Russian character. D) The Role of Religion.
Muscovy was the religious centre of Russia while St Petersburg symbolised a modern secular European state. Reflecting the spiritual traditions of the Eastern Church back to Byzantium, Moscow resembled the medieval culture of central Europe. The dominance of the church impeded all sorts of secular movements that had taken shape in Europe with the Renaissance and Reformation. The focal point of the Russian Orthodox Church was the icons, and it was hostile to the development of other forms of exam art like literature, painting, sculpture or instrumental music. St Basil’s of Red Square symbolised the triumphant restoration of the Orthodox traditions of in high essays Byzantium and set in stone the imperial mission of Moscow as the capital of the religious crusade that was set out in the doctrine of Moscow as the Third Rome. The double-headed eagle of the essay, Byzantine emperors, which is currently the writing, symbol of Russia, was added by Moscow’s princes to their coat of arms. As was explained above, the support of the Russian Orthodox Church was fundamental to Moscow’s emergence as the mother city of plan essay Holy Rus’. The Church marked the enemies of Moscow as the enemies of Christ.
The union of Moscow and essay on being Orthodoxy was cemented in the churches and the monasteries. Moscow was a centre of the Old Believers, who radically opposed reform in the Russian Church. Moscow’s messianic destiny as the Third Rome and the last true seat of Orthodoxy was the centre of their faith. Living in essay exam, enclosed communities, they were hostile to the influences of the West and any innovations from the outside world. They regarded Peter as the Antichrist, and thus St Petersburg was considered by them as “the kingdom of the essay writing jobs, Devil”. E) The Images of the Two Cities in Russian Literature. The liberation of the essay exam, nobles from obligatory state service in 1762 opened the writing jobs in uk, door to Europe for the curious Russian gentry. Visiting European capitals like London, Paris, Amsterdam and Vienna, they started to question Russia’s place in Europe. The virtues of the distinctive Russian character started to be reflected especially in travel writing. Dostoevsky used the terms “corrupt, materialist and egoistical” to describe Europe.  This lexicon started to be frequently seen in the works of Russian writers, the Slavophiles being the foremost among them. For Dostoevsky, it was Russia’s messianic mission and destiny to save the fallen West.
In the exam, eyes of 25 worst analogies school essays these writers, St Petersburg, as the symbol of the European Russia, was the centre of corruption, foreign artifice, alien conventions and essay exam pretension. They idealised Moscow as the symbol of real Russian character and soul, uncorrupted by civilisation or artificial European influences. Especially in the national narrative of the 19th century, the old romantic ideal of native soil placed Moscow at the centre of the image of essays “pure Russia with real Russian virtues”. In sum, Moscow, in a sense, became the antithesis of St Petersburg in Russian literature. F) The Impact of the French Revolution and War with France. During the reign of exam Catherine II, the influence of French culture on the upper class of St Petersburg was felt even more strongly. The “Voltaireanism” of Catherine gave St Petersburg society a rationalist and sceptical view of life that was at odds with the sentimentalism and mysticism common in Moscow.  However, everything changed with the fashion essays, French Revolution. The bloodshed caused by the Jacobin reign of plan essay exam terror following the revolution of 1789 created dismay and reaction among the Russian gentry, who believed in the supremacy of French culture and idealised the French way of life. 25 Worst Analogies In High School? The belief that France was the centre of civilisation, progress and enlightenment soon faded away. The once Francophile nobility became opponents of France, consciously striving to liberate themselves from the essay exam, intellectual empire of the need aid essay, French. The use of French words, which was once common among Russian nobles, was now creating reactions even in the salons of St Petersburg.
The Russian government finally broke off relations with revolutionary France. Moscow’s importance increased and essay exam its place as a symbol of writing jobs everything “Russian in the real sense” was further strengthened following the French revolution. When Russia went to war with France in 1805, Moscow’s indisputable place as the “heart of Russia” was confirmed. Before the Battle of Borodino, Napoleon Bonaparte is believed to have said: “If I take Kiev, I will take Russia’s legs, if I take Saint Petersburg, I'll take its head. But if I take Moscow, I’ll take its heart”. G) The Role of the Noble Classes.
With Moscow being the former capital of Russia, the majority of its elite and intelligentsia was brought up in an ancestral patriarchal tradition. Despite being distant from plan, St Petersburg, this elite, through friends and relatives serving in the St Petersburg bureaucracy and military ranks, had a sensible influence in politics. While the St Petersburg aristocracy represented the European fashion, the presence of wealthy nobles and the provincial gentry brought to Moscow the traditional attitudes of the countryside. Governmental measures emanated from Petersburg, but the way to understand and evaluate them, and to 25 worst essays, judge them, was determined in Moscow, along with their moral power. Much more than Petersburg, Moscow remained the centre of the country’s spiritual life, and it approached politics with a defiant spirit of nationalism and fronde  . Dominance of Moscow in Current Politics in Russia: The Victory of Autocracy Over. The foundation of plan essay St Petersburg and the enforced process of plan essay exam Europeanisation (or Westernisation) caused by the Petrine Revolution in Russian culture created an essay, uncertainty on the part of the Russian nation about its place in Europe. This ambivalence, embodied in biophysical interactions, the characters of its two capitals, is still continuing in Russia today. Living in the crossroads of Europe and Asia, the Russians have never been quite sure if they belong to the East or to the West.
During the exam, reign of Peter, the upper classes of St Petersburg were forced to imitate the European way of life, while Moscow remained the symbol of real Russian character and soul. Aid Essay? During the ideological clash of the Cold War era, Russia remained isolated from Europe, reminiscentof the days of medieval Muscovy. Since the collapse of the former Soviet Union in 1991, Russian academics, policy-makers, philosophers and bureaucrats have been trying to develop a new concept that could play a guiding role in building a new and powerful Russia. In the current debate on how to accomplish the plan essay, revival of Russia as a great power, the Westernisers and the conservatives constitute two opposing poles. Following the dissolution of the Soviet Union, there have been important developments that strengthened the position of the conservative camp against the Westernisers. The war in Chechnya, the eastward enlargement of NATO along Russia’s western borders, the American military bases in Central Asia, the orange revolutions liberating ex-Soviet countries from Moscow’s orbit, Washington’s missile defence shield project that includes some central and eastern European countries, the violent terrorist attacks of clothing fashion essays Chechen radicals in various Russian cities, the essay, war in Georgia and most recently the incidents of December 2010 played an important role in aid essay, the rise of plan conservative and nationalist feelings.
The increasing involvement of the Russian Orthodox Church in politics has also played an clothing, important role in the strengthening of conservatism in Russia. The Russian Orthodox Church, whose centre has been Moscow since 1325–1326  , played the key role in empowering the Russian Tsars with unrestrained and indisputable strength, and this fact contributed to the strengthening of conservative Muscovy. Today, we observe that t he Putin administration receives the open support of the Orthodox Church, an echo of the type of cooperation between the Church and plan exam the Tsars of Muscovite Russia. This revival of the Russian Orthodox Church and its increasing influence in current Russian politic marks the defining role of Moscow, and thus the conservative orientation of the Russian state. The influence of the conservative nationalist circles inside the Kremlin no doubt plays a defining role in the anti-Western authoritarianism and autocracy that is currently prevailing in Russian politics. Putin, a cautious personality with a KGB background, has a circle of advisers comprised of tiny groups with strong nationalist ideology.
The best known of these groups is the “Siloviki” (men of power), which deals with issues of national security and in high international affairs. The Siloviki are mostly officials with military or KGB backgrounds who dominate the country’s security and intelligence ministries and believe in absolute state control of economic, political and social life in Russia. They are mostly from St Petersburg since Putin usually recruits from his native city when filling key posts in the state apparatus and state-controlled corporations. It is ironic that the Siloviki, despite having mostly St Petersburg origins, do not reflect the Western-oriented ideology of essay exam their native city. The leader of the Petersburg Siloviki – and for financial the third most powerful man in Russia after Putin himself and President Dmitry Medvedev – is Deputy Prime Minister Igor Sechin, who is sometimes referred to plan essay, as the 25 worst school essays, “Russian Richelieu”  because of his control over essay a diverse network of officials and bureaucrats. Following the advent of President Dmitry Medvedev, the concerns of the Siloviki network started to grow. Medvedev, despite being a protege of the interactions essay, Siloviki and a native of St Petersburg, does not have a KGB background. He is essay exam a civilian who represents a more liberal portrait than the aggressive rhetoric and tone of Putin’s Siloviki.
President Medvedev, in his first days in office, stripped Defence Minister Sergey Ivanov of his title as “First Deputy Prime Minister”. This sudden demotion of Defence Minister Ivanov was regarded as a challenge to the Siloviki. Medvedev continued his liberal approach by inviting pro-democracy activists to the Kremlin for tea and giving interviews in the liberal media. Whereas the Prime Minister defined the democrats as “jackals begging around foreign embassies,” President Medvedev treated them with marked respect. Medvedev’s push for modernisation, innovation and the rule of law, juxtaposed against essay on being the sound resistance shown by the Siloviki to the “Europeanisation” of politics in Russia, reminds us of the days of Peter the Great when St Petersburg symbolised modernisation and civilisation while Moscow was the symbol of conservatism and essay exam anti-Europeanism. The victory of Putin in the Presidential elections of 4 March 2012 brings us to the conclusion that the conservative camp, whose ideology is clothing largely shaped by Orthodoxy, autocracy, nationalism and to plan essay, some extent Slavophilism, will preserve its control over the Russian state and politics in interactions, the foreseeable future. Thus, it seems possible to plan essay, envisage that the “central” place of Moscow as the “heart” of Russia and its conservative ideology, which is largely dominating Russian politics today, will remain unchanged in the near future. According to Tolstoy, every Russian considered Moscow as a mother.  Tolstoy’s understanding of essay a hero Moscow’s central place for the Russians is even more clearly defined in a Russian proverb, “Petersburg is our head, Moscow is our heart - - , – ” .  .. , .. , , , 2010 , p. 138.  The V.I.
Lenin Museum was founded on the decision of the 13th Party Congress on 31 May 1924 as a department of the Lenin Institute. On 15 May 1936, the essay, Central Museum of V.I. Lenin was opened for visitors. Plan Essay Exam? In the almost 70 years of plan essay exam its existence the Lenin Museum was a powerful centre of on being propaganda for the ideas of essay Marxism-Leninism and for the formation of intellectual and emotional fidelity to the Communist Party’s policy and activity. On 12 November 1993 by plan essay exam presidential decree, the Central Lenin Museum ceased to exist as an independent historical and cultural institution. At present, the Lenin Museum is a branch of the State Historical Museum and has no exhibition.  In 1713, Peter the Great moved the Russian capital from plan essay exam, Moscow to St Petersburg.  , .. , - , 10 , . , , — , 2.2 30 2002 , p. 284, http :// www . 25 Worst Essays? rvb . ru / pushkin / toc . htm .  .. , - , p . Exam? 285.  , 1153 . Aid Essay? , , , - , , 2010 , p. 24.
 Kievan Rus’ ( Russian : ? ) is the name used by Russian historian Nikolai Karamzin for the medieval state of Rus. The state existed from plan essay exam, approximately 880 to sometime in the middle of the plan essay exam, 13th century, when it disintegrated. It was founded by East Slavic tribes and Scandinavian traders ( Varangians ) called “ Rus ’” and plan essay was centred in Novgorod . The state later included territories stretching south to the Black Sea , east to the Volga and west to the Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania .  , 1812 , , 2009 , p. 165.  Count Rostopchin denied accusations that he had ordered the for financial aid essay, blaze ignited to drive out the French. The fire was most likely accidentally begun by plan essay exam French looters and was fanned by fanatic patriots among the few Russians who had remained behind when Napoleon entered the city. Whatever the cause, the fire sparked an anti-French uprising among the peasants, whose raids, along with the cruel winter, helped force Napoleon’s retreat.  See details in , 1812 , pp. 181-223.  Richard Pipes, Russian Conservatism and Its Critics: A Study in Political Culture, Yale University Press, New Haven and London, 2005, p. 13.  Pipes, Russian Conservatism and Its Critics: A Study in Political Culture, p. 14.
 According to the Appolinarian doctrine, taught by Bishop Appolinarius the Younger, bishop of Laodicea in essay on being a hero, Syria during the 4th century, Jesus was not a man but the “word of exam God dwelling in the human body”. For Financial Aid Essay? This transgression caused the capital of true Christianity to shift to Constantinople, where it made its home for the next nine centuries. This doctrine was condemned as heresy by Roman councils in plan, 377 and in biophysical essay, 381 and also by the Council of Constantinople in 381. In spite of its repeated condemnation, Apollinarianism persisted into the 5th century. At that time its remaining adherents merged with the Monophysites, who held that Christ had a divine nature but no human nature, a view articulated in the second half of the plan, 4th century by Bishop Appolinarius,  Thornton Anderson, Russian Political Thought: An Introduction, Cornell University Press, New York, 1967, p. 72.  The first to claim their capital as the heir of Byzantium were the Bulgarians, who as early as the 14th century designated the capital of their empire, Tyrnovo (Tirnova), as the “New Rome.” This claim lapsed in 1393 when Tyrnovo fell to essay on being, the Turks.  , - 1500- , , - , , 2010 , p. 88.  Pipes, Russian Conservatism and plan Its Critics: A Study in Political Culture, p. 39.  Anderson, Russian Political Thought: An Introduction, p. 74.
 Orlando Figes, Natasha’s Dance: A Cultural History of Russia, New York, 2002, pp. 7-8.  Figes, Natasha’s Dance: A Cultural History of biophysical essay Russia, p. 10.  Figes, Natasha’s Dance: A Cultural History of Russia, p. 10.  , , 1866,  Alexander M. Martin, Romantics, Reformers, Reactionaries: Russian Conservative Thought and Politics in the Reign of Alexander I, Northern Illinois University Press, DeKalb, 1997, pp. 57-58.  Figes, Natasha’s Dance: A Cultural History of Russia, p. 154.  See details in plan essay, James Cracraft, The Petrine Revolution in Russian Culture, Belknap Press, London, 2004.  Figes, Natasha’s Dance: A Cultural History of need for financial Russia, p. 61.
 .. , - , 2010.  Martin, Romantics, Reformers, Reactionaries: Russian Conservative Thought and plan Politics in need for financial aid essay, the Reign of Alexander I, p. 58.  Martin, Romantics, Reformers, Reactionaries: Russian Conservative Thought and Politics in the Reign of Alexander I, p. 59.  In 1299, Maksim, the Metropolitan of exam Kiev, moved his seat from Kiev to Vladimir to escape the Tatar menace, thus making Vladimir the seat of the Russian Orthodox Church. It remained there until the reign of Metropolitan Pyotr (1306-1326), when contacts between the head of the church in Vladimir, and the Moscow Princes and Grand Princes became closer. In 1325-26, Metropolitan Pyotr (who was canonised in 1339) moved his seat from Vladimir to Moscow, thus making Moscow the ecclesiastical center. In the same year, Ivan I (Kalita) laid the foundation stone of the Cathedral of the Dormition, which was the first cathedral to be built in for financial aid essay, the Kremlin. It was consecrated on 4 August 1427.  Cardinal Richelieu was born in Paris on plan, 9 September 1585. He became the prime minister of France in 1624.
Richelieu argued that the state is above everything, and that religion is a mere instrument to promote the essay on being a hero, policies of the essay exam, state. When Richelieu rose to power, France’s King Louis XIII had not yet solidified his authority in plan essay exam, France. Richelieu severely punished nobles who plotted against the king and essay replaced his enemies in the government. In addition, he expanded the king’s authority in the provinces through the use of royal agents. Richelieu insisted that the king apply the law with severity; otherwise, the state could not survive.
He emphasised that rigorous punishment of even small crimes would forestall greater ones. Through this reasoning, Richelieu provided his sovereign a rationale for biophysical essay, the harsh rule he knew to be requisite for exam, strengthening and maintaining the authority of the French State. Anderson, Thornton. Russian Political Thought An Introduction, Cornell University Press, New. , . ( , , , , , , 1854, , . , 1866, , . 1153 ., , . , - , , 2010. Figes, Orlando.
Natasha’s Dance A Cultural History of Russia, New York, 2002, p.7-8. M. Martin, Alexander. Romantics, Reformers, Reactionaries Russian Conservative Thought and. Politics in the Reign of Alexander I , Northern Illinois University Press, DeKalb 1997. .., i .. , , 2010. Pipes, Richard. Russian Conservatism and 25 worst analogies Its Critics A Study in essay, Political Culture, Yale. University Press, New Haven and London, 2005, p.13. , - , . , . , 1867, , i , , - . 1500- , , - . , , 2010, p .88. .. , - I : , 2010.
* An?l Cicek - Dr., Head of Department at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Turkey; completed his post-doctoral research studies at the University of Latvia as a part of the Jean Monnet Scholarship Program and achieved Russian language certificate TRKI–III (advanced level) from the need for financial aid essay, University of exam St Petersburg. © 2010 , IJORS - INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF RUSSIAN STUDIES.
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Soteriology - The Doctrine of Salvation. This paper deals specifically with the plan soteriology and is aimed at the doctrinal position description towards salvation. The idea of the paper is to present the common beliefs about the doctrine of salvation and personal opinions of different people. The overall meaning of the paper is to address the writing in uk clarity and plan, consistency aspects in order to express the interactions position and plan essay exam, experience of other people along with their understanding of salvation. The major aspects of the paper are to address the definition of grace with its distinction between the “common grace” and “special grace”, cover the description of the biblical doctrine in essay on being the relation to “election”, and contemplate about the exam thoughts of people regarding why a particular person is “chosen in essay writing Christ”. It is plan essay exam, also important to address the definition of “atonement” in relation to what is found to be atonement itself as well as the essay writing in uk extent of this notion. Particular emphasis is made on the summary of the biblical material considering the plan essay exam so-called “gospel call” and “effectual call”. Another very significant aspect to report is the description of regeneration, its source and effects along with the description of conversion, comprising the connection between faith and regret. Special attention is given to the biblical explanation of the doctrine of justification and its explanation of God’s work including the believer and plan essay exam, relationship to one’s determinations in order to plan persist in clothing fashion essays faith (Brents 35). The definition of the word “grace” is hard to pursue, and it challenges people to understand the Bible Ledge while telling the God’s boundless salvation. In fact, it is met about 130 times in the New Testament.
According to the Ephesians, “For by grace are ye saved through faith; and that not of yourselves: it is the gift of plan essay, God: not of works, lest any man should boast. For we are His workmanship, created in writing jobs Christ Jesus unto good works, which God hath before ordained that we should walk in them” (Ephesians 2:8-10). If to translate the word from Greek, it will mean “charis”. This meaning is plan exam, known as the Strong’s Exhaustive Concordance of the Bible . Grace could also be explained with the word “graciousness” that lives in heaven and influences the heart and soul of every life reflection. In other words, “charis” is plan essay exam, clarified as “liberality” (Corinthians 16) as the plan exam most significant definition of this word (Chamberlain 28). The grace of God is revealed in several ways with a distinction between the understanding of terms “common grace” and “special grace”. A detailed explanation shows that the common grace is the one exposed by the God who created the world and people.
In fact, the common grace of God is offered without the responsiveness and essay, recognition by plan essay people. The idea is to allow people become a true member of the Holy World and start personal relationships with Jesus Christ. Special grace reveals the gospel of power of the Holy Spirit that demonstrates the admission of Christ by humans. It is acknowledged that special grace is given to every single person who is “willing to start the personal relationships with the God with the only intention to live with Him and for Him” (Waite 19). Description of the biblical doctrine of election. The biblical standing of the doctrine of election is founded on the understanding that God is the Holy Spirit and every single thing which He offers to biophysical essay people should be accepted with gratitude. Hence, every His word or action is made with an intention to teach people and help them grow in their faith. There is a philosophy in the Bible saying that the God “would have all men to be saved, and come to the know-ledge of the truth” (Timothy 2:4).
Consequently, countless episodes of the Bible illustrate that the “God loves every human being and essay, has acted to biophysical essay make possible the salvation of each one”. It is supported with the essay understanding of the death of Jesus Christ that “was for every man, and makes it possible for every man to receive atonement for his sins” (Murray 24). The consideration towards the question when and why people are “chosen in Christ” is, therefore, of importance. Based on the other passages of the Bible, any particular person becomes “chosen in clothing essays Christ” only after the plan essay one demonstrates a true love to the God and values the death of His only child for the eternal life of the humanity (Revelation 22:17). This could be supported with the following passage, “And the spirit and the bride say, come. And he who hears, let him say, come.
And he who is athirst, let him come: he who will, let him take the water of life freely” (Shank 17). In other words, as stated by the biblical doctrine,the election of the God is granted with the fact of a man “to have a free will to decide on the moral principles and the God is the one to choose whether those principles adhere to the Holy will of the Creator”. The Bible Ledge teaches people about salvation by means of the atonement of Christ that is offered for everyone who agreed to accept the Lord Jesus Christ. Thus, the overall doctrine of the Bible states that every single man on Earth has the right of essay on being, salvation, though the election is not connected with the plan free will of other people around the world (Akin 1). There is a book of Dr. Alan Richardson, An Introduction to 25 worst essays the Theology of the New Testament where he states the deeper understanding and perception of the election of God. Plan Essay. According to Dr. Alan, “The election in the Old Testament is to service of God in this world and has nothing at all to do with salvation in the world to come”. Therefore, another Bible observation of the doctrine of election explains that “everyone on this Earth was born with the number of sins, unsaved and unregenerate” (Isa 53:6, Rom 3:10-12, 2363). At the same time, there are no people who deserve salvation despite the fact of being elected by the God. “The one and only man who was born with no sins is the Jesus”. For Financial. This was the only one to be chosen by the God since the moment of birth (Leith 163).
As people know, Jesus Christ, who is the Son of God, sacrificed himself in order to pay for the sins of the people all over the world. He agreed with His destiny in the body of a human by means of satisfying the Father and becoming the justification of the whole humankind with the right of plan essay exam, a free will and faith of atonement. In other words, “Atonement is a major aspect of plan essay exam, protection for the humanity that Jesus Christ offered by His death. Indeed, those sins He died for were totally the ones of humans but He agreed to take the responsibility for the entire nation and their souls (John 4:10 and Timothy 2:5-6). There are three different views of the atonement and their extent. These are unlimited atonement in the view of Arminianism and limited atonement in essay the views of Hyper-Calvinism and Calvinism (Fisk 56). The first unlimited view considers the fact that “Jesus died for the sins of the in high entire human race”. Therefore, the atonement of Jesus is necessary for the nation and works for the people who truly believe in the only God.
This definition illustrates the plan connection of God and people according to clothing which, “All the essay exam people have a free will but only those who choose to believe in their hearts will have an eternal life with God” (John 1:29; 3:16-17, Corinthians 5:14-15, Timothy 2:3-6, Hebrews 2:9 and Peter 3:9; 1). The limited Atonement is split into different views of Calvinism and Hyper-Calvinism. The opinion of Hyper-Calvinism addresses the aspects of on being, “Jesus’s death in favor of the election of God but not for the mankind” (Matthew 1:21; 20:28; 26:28, John 10:11, 15, 26-27, Ephesians 5:25). Consequently, the Atonement of Jesus Christ works only for those people who have already chosen the God as the only Spirit. This position is seen to be the transition between the people of faith and God, meaning that God Himself will elect those people and take them to heaven (Brents 35). The opinion of Calvinism reveals the view that the death of Jesus Christ was for all the people, with the only difference that “He sacrificed His human life for the already elected believers” (Timothy 4:10 and Peter 2:1). The dissimilarity of views is hidden in the objective and subjective opinions of the essay exam Jesus Christ’s atonement, the core of which is satisfactory for aid essay, those people who were elected by God. Those who do not have the faith in Jesus could not cross the borders of heaven without His election (Charnock 326-327). The most fruitful understanding of God and plan exam, Bible Ledge is the biophysical interactions essay spiritual fulfillment of those people who have agreed to “accept the Holy Lord with all their heart and plan essay exam, soul and accept Him as their only God with all the faith, love, mercy, long-suffering, sovereignty, and rights”.
With this, the best means of a true communication is love and prayers. Those who choose to reject His Holy blessings will lose their way to prosperity and plan essay exam, deserve punishment with the plan exam most hurt and suffering that will last for the eternity (Gaffin 129). God says, “Incline your ear and come unto Me.” The most significant idea of this phase is to understand that it comes from the Holy Spirit and the God Himself. Every individual has to know that “God wishes the salvation of all the people but not the death of the wicked ones” (Eze. 18:23; 33:11 and Pet. 3:9). The gospel call illustrates the command along with the call for accepting God and learn how to become one of those selected people for the eternal life (Matt.
22:1-14 and Luke 14:16-24). The tempting grace or so-called “effectual call” is known as the supreme work of God. By his sacrifice, He elects people by their words and faith along with the biophysical interactions essay spirit and plan exam, soul. Such a choice is guided by the ability to strictly follow the in high school laws of God and thus have the eternal life with the Jesus Christ. There is no harm in the free will and freedom that is exam, given to the mankind. The God wants people to learn the 25 worst analogies truth about how to essay live with faith in heart.
The major instruments are the “gospel and effectual call, the unaffected offer of mercy and a special grace”. The overall call is 25 worst analogies in high essays, based on the “election and predestination along with the eternal purpose of the will power as well as the holy sacrifice” (Charnock 326-327). Description of regeneration, its sources and effects. According to the Bible Ledge, “The regeneration is considered to be the work of God's invincible power and ordinary grace”. The source of regeneration is hidden in the Holy Spirit of God who accepts any person with all its sins and allows him to live after death in a new body but with the same mind and soul. The effect is to plan exam make people perceive the saint will of God and help them assess their sins and improve their service of God. Only such actions of regular people would be accepted by Jesus Christ in favor of the salvation and embracement; there will be no place for a judgment and essay writing, punishment, just the life in the Holy Spirit (Archibald 27). The Bible meaning of conversion in a religious understanding reflects the “change of the attitude of beliefs of people in a religion”. With this, the type of religion does not make any difference; the idea is to create the relationships in the community with the specific emphasis on faith and repentance. Plan. This term is analogies school, used to talk about the group of people who have a specific religious belief towards the personal connection that reveals the transformation of the community and religious expectations.
The only focus is put towards the “experience people have when communicating with God in Christ”. Such a process of faith involves the respect of exam, both the outside and inside conversion of faith and repentance (Wells 78). Biblical description of the doctrine of justification. By tradition, the perception of justification has several principles of the Reformation Theology and its control over the major determinant factors such as formal, which defines the faith of people that is revealed in their true face and material that defines their substance. These principles address the Bible Ledge from the position of personality and demonstrate the gospel call through the Testament Theology (Wright 13). The God’s work has many explanations in the Bible Ledge, though the overall understanding is to protect the people who truly believe in God and have constant relationships with Him; the idea is to continue the Holy determinations to persist in the world of faith. The best illustration of the God’s work is given in in high school essays the Ephesians 4: 1, according to which, “Even as he chose us in Him before the foundation of the plan essay exam world, that we should be holy and without blemish before Him in plan essay exam love”. This is supported with the other passage in the Bible that says, “That in the ages to come He might show the exceeding riches of plan, his grace in kindness toward us in Christ Jesus.” Hence, the reason for the life of people is known in the God’s work as well as His willingness to allow people to live in pleasure and with the goal to serve Him. In other words, the God works every single day with the faith that people should have for Him.
He works to affirm the lives of people and care about their embracement. The church is the place of work where God produces the outcomes of every sphere of life which people have on Earth (Nee 9 - 13). To realize my opinion and the significance of this paper, the soteriology was covered in the doctrine of salvation towards the statements and beliefs of different people along with the clarity and consistency of the revealed positions that were expressed in the paper. Now the idea is not only to fashion perceive the exam valuable information covered above but to implement it in the daily practice. My personal goal is to essay apply every single aspect of this work towards my life and serve as an example for plan essay exam, other people on their way to the Holy Spirit. The purpose is to understand the human life and daily activities and put them ahead in the work for the will of God. As far as I understand, the meaning of the life becomes real only after one has other people who have been inspired for the God’s service. It has a tremendous meaning for Jesus, and I truly believe that such kind of life would have the pleased outcomes for fashion essays, all: the God, Jesus Christ, and the Holy Spirit.
For me personally, this is the most important job as well as a mission to pursue.
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Tips for Writing Essay Exams
A model pie chart report step by step. Plan! This lesson gives you a step-by-step approach to dealing with pie charts in task 1. Biophysical Essay! I talk you through how to identify the main points, select the supporting details and plan exam, then structure your report. I then show you two model answers: one with standard vocabulary and then a much more advanced version with more vocabulary and grammar you can borrow. The following pie charts show the results of a survey into the most popular leisure activities in the United States of America in 1999 and 2009. Essay In Uk! Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.
The first step is to plan essay, identify the main points of the two charts. This is not just an important part of the a hero task and your band score, it will also help you write your description. The main points are normally obvious. Sometimes they are so obvious that candidates ignore them. Look at these questions: How many activities are there in plan essay exam, each chart? Just count Are the activities the analogies essays same in plan essay exam, each chart? Read the key Are there any changes in popularity between the two years? Look at essay, the colours. There are 8 activities for each year 7 of 8 activities are the same There are a number of plan, differences in popularity between the two years. These two pie charts show the changes in popularity of different leisure activities in the United States of America between 1999 and 2009.
We can see that the most popular leisure activities were almost the same in both periods, but there were a number of differences in popularity between the need for financial aid essay various activities. Step 2: choose the details to include. There are 16 different figures you can include. This is too many. The task is to select and report the most important details.
This will include naming all the activities, but not all the numbers. To do this, try looking for: what#8217;s gone up what#8217;s gone down what hasn#8217;t changed what#8217;s new. Plan Essay Exam! Putting this together, we need these details: walking is most popular in biophysical, both periods yoga disappears and plan essay exam, weightlifting is new swimming doubles aerobics, jogging and cycling all fall soccer and essay, camping don#8217;t change much. This will vary from task to task, but typically you will be looking at two content paragraphs. As you write your paragraphs, you want to think of three key ideas: highlight the main points they come first group similar ideas together find a logical structure to plan essay exam, present the points. This is the big one and will take time to learn.
To help you on your way, I show you two model answers with extensive vocabulary notes. My suggestion is start with the first one. Don#8217;t be worries that it looks too simple. it isn#8217;t. It is in fact extremely good band score 9. The when you have that right, take a look at the second version which has some more advanced vocabulary. Jobs! This is the final report.
These two pie charts show the changes in popularity of different leisure activities in the United States of plan essay, America between 1999 and 2009. We can see that the most popular leisure activities were almost the same in both periods, but there were a number of differences in popularity between the various activities. It is fashion essays, clear that walking was the most popular activity in both 1999 and 2009, with around 30% of Americans saying that they preferred it. Plan Exam! Also, yoga was no longer among the preferred activities in 2009, but weightlifting was chosen by 10% of people. Plan Essay Exam! The second most popular activity was soccer at just under 20% in both years, a figure that was matched by swimming in 2009, having almost doubled in popularity over the previous decade. Most of the other activities became less popular over the same period of time, with cycling, jogging and aerobics all falling by at least a half to under 10%. The one exception to this trend was camping which stayed almost unchanged at around 9%. These two pie charts show the essay exam changes in popularity of different leisure activities in the United States of America between 1999 and biophysical, 2009 . We can see that the most popular leisure activities were almost the same in both periods , but there were a number of differences in plan essay exam, popularity between the various activities. It is clear that walking was the most popular activity in both 1999 and 2009, with around 30% of Americans saying that they preferred it . Also, yoga was no longer among the preferred activities in 2009, butweightlifting was chosen by 10% of people. The second most popular activity was soccer at just under 20% in both years , a figure that was matched by swimming in 2009 , having almost doubled in popularity over the previous decade . Most of the essay in uk other activities became less popular over the same period of time , with cycling, jogging and aerobics all falling by at least a half to under 10% . Th e one exception to this trend was camping which stayed almost unchanged at around 9% . #8220; These two pie charts show #8220;: the plan normal phrase to in high essays, describe what the chart/graph is about. #8220; We can see that #8220;: a phrase to state a main point. #8220; It is clear that #8220;: another phrase to identify a main point. #8220; popular/popularity/preferred #8220;: you are going to repeat the word #8220;popular#8221;. That is not a problem, provided you also use some variations.
One way to do this is to change the form of the word from #8220;popular#8221; to plan essay exam, #8220;popularity#8221;. The other word I use in this report is #8220;preferred#8221;: you should note I vary this too, using it as an adjective and a verb. Other variations include #8220;to express a preference#8221; and #8220;favourite#8221;. #8220; 1999/2009 #8220;: another word you are going to 25 worst school essays, repeat relates to plan, time. Again, you want to make sure you have some variation here. Note these: #8220; between 1999 and 2009 #8220;, #8220; in both periods #8220;, #8220; in essays, both years #8220;, #8220; over the previous decade #8220;, #8220; over the same period of time #8220;. #8220; a number of #8220;: a simple but exceptionally useful phrase. Avoid using phrases like #8220;lots of #8221; in plan essay, IELTS. #8220; various #8220;: a useful and more advanced variant for #8220;different#8221; #8220; exception to a trend #8220;: Learn this phrase. Need Aid Essay! You will need to talk about things that do not follow the plan normal pattern. Numbers are very important in this task. I suggest you take a look at my lesson on dealing with numbers. Plan Essay Exam! #8220; around 30% #8220;: you will use per cent a lot in this task.
You do need to include numbers, but you should avoid using too many of plan, them. Writing In Uk! When you do use them, try to do what I have done here and use language too, #8220;around#8221; is good language for #8220;about#8221; #8220; a figure that was matched by #8220;: #8220;figure#8221; is an exceptionally useful word which can be used with numbers or percentages. This is a harder phrase that you could try for yourself when talking about two similar/identical numbers. #8220; at just under 20% #8220;: more good number language. This is very much better than 18%. #8220; having almost doubled #8220;: more approximate number language. Remember the essay exam language of maths: #8220;half#8221;, #8220;double#8221; etc. #8220; all falling by at least a half to under 10% #8220;: the phrase to note here is #8220;at least#8221; #8220; which stayed almost unchanged at around 9% #8220;: this is better variation of clothing fashion, #8220;did not change#8221; The above report is exceptionally good. It covers all the right details (Task response), has a good range of grammar with relative clauses (Range and accuracy of grammar), is exam, very coherent (well organised and linked) and has some range of vocabulary, even if some words are repeated (Lexical resource). Interactions! This answer can help you by extending the range of vocabulary you use for: These two charts illustrate how the preferred leisure activities of plan essay exam, Americans changed between 1999 and 2009.Generally speaking, while the list of activities remained almost identical over the decade, there were a number of changes in 25 worst essays, their relative popularity. It is immediately evident that walking was by some distance the most popular pastime in both years,accounting for just under a third of the preferences expressed.
Of equal note is that by essay, 2009, yoga had disappeared from the list of preferred activities and plan essay exam, had been replaced by weightlifting, which was chosen by one in plan, ten Americans. Among the fashion less popular activities, the most notable development was that the proportion of people who went swimming doubled, making it equal second in popularity with soccer at 18%. In stark contrast, around as half as many Americans went cycling in 2009 as compared to ten years earlier, with the result that it became less popular than camping, at 7% and 9% respectively. Likewise, the plan essay number of people who went jogging and did aerobics also dropped significantly, with less than 5% of respondents to the survey choosing them. These two charts illustrate how the preferred leisure activities of Americans changed between 1999 and biophysical interactions, 2009. Generally speaking , while the list of activities remained almost identical over the decade, there were a number of plan essay, changes in their relative popularity. It is immediately evident that walking was by some distance the most popular pastime in essays, both years ,accounting for just under a third of the exam preferences expressed. Of equal note is that by plan essay exam, 2009, yoga had disappeared from the list of preferred activities and had been replaced by weightlifting, which was chosen by one in plan exam, ten Americans. Among the essay jobs in uk less popular activities , the most notable development was that the proportion of people who went swimming doubled, making it equal second in popularity with soccer at 18%. Plan Essay! In stark contrast , around as half as many Americans went cycling in 2009 as compared to ten years earlier, with the result that it became less popular than camping, at 7% and 9% respectively.
Likewise , the number of people who went jogging and did aerobics also dropped significantly , with less than 5% of respondents to the survey choosing them. #8220; illustrate #8220;: a useful alternative to the standard #8220;show #8221; #8220; remained almost identical #8220;: a variation of #8220;stayed the same#8221; #8220; The most notable development #8220;: #8220;development#8221; is a useful alternative to essays, #8220;change#8221; and #8220;notable#8221; works in the same way as #8220;significant#8221;. Plan Essay! #8220; respondents to the survey #8220;: one word you may find yourself repeating a lot is #8220;People#8221;. One way to avoid this is to use #8220;Americans#8221;. This is fashion, a more advanced version you respond to a survey and plan exam, the people to respond to a survey are #8220;respondents#8221;. #8220; while #8220;: a useful and slightly more advanced variation of writing, #8220;but#8221; #8220; Generally speaking ,#8221;: an alternative to #8220;in general#8221;. It is a good habit to use a phrase like this in plan, your summary paragraph. Note the comma. #8220; It is immediately evident that #8220;: a variation of the plan essay exam standard #8220;It is clear that#8221;. Again, it is a good habit to use a phrase like this when you are writing about the main points of the chart/graph. Plan Essay Exam! #8220; Of equal note #8220;: a useful linking phrase when you are joining two important main points. #8220; Among the less popular activities #8220;: this is good writing as it explains to the reader that this paragraph is essay on being a hero, about a different topic.This is a good structure to borrow. #8220; In stark contrast #8220;: this is a set phrase when you have a large contrast.
Don#8217;t overuse it, it only works for big differences. #8220; Likewise #8220;: another very useful linking phrase. You use it between two sentences which are about similar ideas. Note the comma. #8220; accounting for just under a third #8220;: you could just say #8220;around 30%#8221;, but this way you use more language. Plan! #8220;Accounting/accounted for#8221; is a very useful phrase when dealing with numbers. Another example would be: #8220;Children under 14 account for almost a quarter of people who play golf regularly#8221;. #8220; by some distance the most #8220;: when you make a comparison, it is a good idea to for financial aid essay, try and qualify it in some way. if you say it is the biggest, ask yourself the question #8220;By how much?#8221;. Another alternative her would be #8220;significantly the most#8221;. #8220; one in ten Americans #8220;: #8220;one in ten#8221; is a very useful variation when you are talking about percentages. #8220; proportion #8220;: another key word for task 1 an excellent variation for essay exam percentage. #8220; dropped significantly #8220;: you should have a number of variations for saying #8220;rise#8221; and #8220;fall#8221;. #8220;Drop#8221; is on being a hero, quite a neutral word so you can qualify with adverbs like #8220;significantly#8221; #8220; had disappeared #8220;: think about tenses if you are given two charts relating to different periods in the past. Can you use a past perfect? #8220; which was chosen by #8220;: two points to consider here. The relative #8220;which#8221;is a key piece of plan essay exam, grammar and the passive, both of which are key pieces of grammar for this task. #8220; with the result that #8220;: note the structure here. The fall in essay on being, popularity means that it has become less popular. Plan Essay Exam! This is an idea you can borrow.
To get my next lesson in your inbox. How to like it, share it and save it. Plan Essay Exam! Get more help with IELTS preparation on the main pages of exam, my site. Keep up with me on Facebook - all the updates and even more advice there. Or just get all my free lessons by email. 27 Responses to aid essay, A model pie chart report step by step. Plan! I appreciate your concern about leaving valuable tips for taking this high-stake test. Also it is kind of essay a hero, you to put all these information online for free. I am going to take the test On Nov 26 so I was wondering if you could reply my comments and give feedback on plan exam my performance.
Thanks you in advance. For Financial! I do try and answer all my comments. If I don#8217;t, it simply means that I am taking a break form the plan essay exam site. it#8217;s a really great and very helpful lesson. Dominic you#8217;r awesome #128578; Very helpful! Fantastic stuff. Thanks heaps. hello sir, my exam is in biophysical interactions essay, 2 days and plan essay, I#8217;d really be grateful if you check my writing for these two charts and essay a hero, tell if I#8217;ve gotten it right! here it is: These two charts show us the change of popularity in exam, different leisure activities in the United States of America between 1999 and 2009. Essays! We can see that seven out of eight leisure activities are identical and plan essay exam, show slight changes to a higher or lower percentage while others almost maintain their pace or disappear completely. In this period of time a new activity adds to the preferred ones of the people of the United States.
The first thing to note is that walking takes the lead in both years with a proportion around 30%, and then comes soccer with an insignificant increase in its percentage. Both of jogging and swimming have almost doubled in this period of time whereas aerobics and bicycling fell in essay, numbers. Essay Exam! Camping has almost remained the same with the fashion essays slight increase of plan, 1%, while yoga which ranked 5% in 1999 has disappeared all together in 2009 to be replaced by a new activity called weightlifting with the need for financial percentage of 10% it#8217;s 163 words, please tell me if it#8217;s good enough! thanks in advance #128578; I simply don#8217;t have the time/resources to check work properly from the plan exam site. I have had a quick look though and the one thing that stands out is tenses. You use a range of present tenses (simple and present perfect), while you must use a past tense to describe data that is in the past (1999 2009). Best of fashion essays, luck. let me know how it goes. I just wanted to tell you that I#8217;ve gotten my IELTS score today, I got: Listening 8 , Writing 7, Reading 7 and Speaking 7.5.
an overall of 7.5. and I have you and this awesome blog to thank for this because I took no courses whatsoever and studied depending on your tips only! so, THANKS a billion :)) GOOD INFO FOR ME TO PREPARING FOR MY FINAL EXAM QUESTION. Plan Exam! Great Piece Dominic!! quite helpful indeed xxx. i just want to information related reading and writing also because its huge hadal of my life just few days left my exam. my exam date 14 feb , i am tensinate abot my exam please help me sir gives some tips please support me sir. Clothing Fashion Essays! There isn#8217;t a lot you can do immediately before the exam to improve your English. Take a look at exam, my exam days tips at the top of the page. hi dominic, do i need to download any apps for aid essay mac and ipad to view the images inside the boxes. thanks #128578; Hope not! They appear fine on plan exam my Macbook and Ipad. Let me know if you have problems I am having one of my periodic tidy ups. Can I ask, if the need two charts with one in the past and one in the future, which tense should we use to describe and compare? Good question. Let me do a lesson on plan this for you.
Typically the biophysical main language you want for an example like that is the language of change. I#8217;ll try and get this done in the next few days. Is it o.k to write this essay without a summary? In short no. You do need some sort of summary/overview to complete the question fully. The pie chart illustrate the plan exam outcome of survey on biophysical interactions several leisure activities.
Of Americans in year 1991 and 2009. As observed, the favorite free-time activity of American pupils in plan essay, 1991 and. 2009 was Walking, 29% and 31% respectively. However very less people of. America have chosen Yoga (5%) and Jogging (3%) as their pass time in 1991. and 2009 respectively. It can be seen from chart that popularity of Jogging(3%) and Aerobics(4%) saw. an declining trend in year of 2009. On the other hand, Swimming(18%) saw an rising trend in 2009,double of American have it as their leisure activity than people in 1991.Popularity of Soccer and Camping were remained almost same in a hero, 2009 but, 5% of exam, people who were doing Yoga in 1991 was clearly replaced by Weightlifting with popularity of 10%. Overall, the three activities Soccer, Camping and Walking almost have same popularity in biophysical essay, 2009 as in 1991 where as, Weightlifting introduced as new leisure. Activity in essay, 2009 replacing Yoga from 1991. I have learnt A lot by browsing this useful site.
Thanks a lot in updating my Writing and other Skills. Awesome site to analogies essays, Augment knowledge with respect to IELTS. I came across your page as I was even scared of reading charts and graphs and wanting to overcome this fear. Plan Exam! I followed your step-by-step guidance while I was looking at the two pie charts. I think I am understanding how to fashion, make a Task 1 essay better than before and feeling the fear lifted away from my mind. I#8217;m glad to have found your page.
Thank you. Thank you for putting so much effort on plan exam this website! I have a question here about #8216;difference between#8217;. In the introduction part, it says #8216;there were a number of differences in popularity between the plan essay exam various activities.#8217; , to me it seems like the difference is between activities, like soccer 20% but walking 30%. To me #8216;differences between popularity in plan essay, various activities#8217; seems more relevant to the next paragraph. Can you give some advice on aid essay my understanding of plan essay, this phrase?
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Example Of Narrative Essay Essays and Research Papers. boot-camp not as a military training program, but rather as a group of individuals who are driven by essay exam, a common goal? If we can do this then we can begin . Fashion Essays? making comparisons with other groups of individuals and notice a great deal of similarities. For example , universities offer a wide variety of plan essay exam clubs such as the Philosophy Club or the Student Veterans Organization, and these clubs are formed because like-minded individuals driven by a common goal congregated and bonded to birth their club. Just like. Bond , Bonds, Lancashire , Marine 900 Words | 2 Pages. Pamela Essay 1 Sitting at in high school, my desk at home, a crushing feeling crept up on plan me. I didn’t know what to think. I’m not going to make . it, am I. It was already midway through junior year of high school, and essay, having just calculated my GPA requirements for many of the essay, colleges I had wanted to go to, I realized that my grades were not even close to jobs what I expected them to be. I guess I had been in essay exam, denial for so long that I let them slip this far. How could I have let this happen?
Where was my. Debut albums , Disappointment , High school 1235 Words | 3 Pages. The Narrative Essay *What is a Narrative Essay ? • Narrative writing tells a . story. In essays , the plan essay exam, narrative writing could also be considered reflection or an exam exploration of the author's values told as a story. The author may remember his or her past, or a memorable person or event from that past, or even observe the present. Clothing Fashion? • The author may write about: -An experience or event from plan exam, his or her past. -A recent or ongoing experience or event. . Essay , Essay mill , Metaphor 1511 Words | 6 Pages. Narrative Essays : To Tell a Story There are four types of essays : Exposition - gives information about . Essay A Hero? various topics to essay the reader. Description - describes in writing, detail characteristics and traits. Argument - convinces the reader by demonstrating the truth or falsity of a topic. Narrative - tells a story, usually from plan essay exam, one person’s viewpoint.
A narrative essay uses all the story elements - a beginning and ending, plot, characters, setting and climax - all coming together to essay on being complete the. A Story , Essay , Essays 1444 Words | 5 Pages. How to Write an plan essay exam Accomplishment Essay What are your three most substantial accomplishments, and why do you view them as such? — Harvard . http://www.free- essay -writing-topics.com/index.php?page=mba-application-accomplishment-questions What is the most significant change or improvement you have made to an organization with which you have recently been affiliated? Describe the process you went through to identify the need for change and manage the process of implementing change. What were the results. Narrative , This Boy's Life , Writing 1811 Words | 4 Pages. Narrative Essay A Brief Guide to Writing Narrative Essays Narrative writing tells a . story. In essays the narrative writing could also be considered reflection or an essay writing in uk exploration of the author's values told as a story. The author may remember his or her past, or a memorable person or event from that past, or even observe the present. Plan Essay? When you're writing a narrative essay , loosen up. After all, you're basically just telling a story to someone, something you probably do every day in casual conversation.
Essay , Experience , Five paragraph essay 1314 Words | 5 Pages. As a mode of expository writing, the narrative approach, more than any other, offers writers a chance to think and write about themselves. We . all have experiences lodged in our memories, which are worthy of sharing with readers. Yet sometimes they are so fused with other memories that a lot of the time spent in writing narrative is in the prewriting stage. When you write a narrative essay , you are telling a story. Narrative essays are told from a defined point of view, often the biophysical, author's, so there. Article , Essay , Essays 797 Words | 3 Pages. Sample SAT Essays —Up Close Below is plan essay exam our sample essay question, which is designed to be as close as possible to an . essay question that might appear on the SAT.
You’ll recognize that it’s based on the great philosopher Moses Pelingus’s assertion, “There’s no success like failure,” which we have referred to throughout this chapter. This particular essay topic presents you with a very broad idea and then asks you to explain your view and back it up with concrete examples . Not every SAT essay topic will. Dot-com bubble , Essay , Essays 2405 Words | 7 Pages. Narrative Essay Vs. Descriptive Essay. ? Narrative Essays Are a Great Read Name ENG121 Professor June 16, 2014 Narrative . Essays Are a Great Read Narrative essays and Descriptive essays can be similar but they are different in nature. The narrative essay “I Want a Wife” is more compelling than the essays, descriptive essay “Homeless” because the narrative essay has a point of plan essay exam view, uses humor and satire, and uses tone and language that can draw the 25 worst school, reader in. “Narration is storytelling from the perspective of. Essay , Essays , Homelessness 1604 Words | 7 Pages. ? Descriptive Essays vs. Narrative Essays Many people have different preferences on what type of writing style . they think is exam more superior to another, I believe descriptive writing to fashion essays be more excellent writing style then narrative . I can tell you that there are a few similarities and plan essay, a few differences between the two. I prefer Descriptive essays , rather than narrative essays . In my belief, it's that the descriptive essays are more effective when an author is trying to convey a story or get a.
Essay , Fiction , Narrative 1153 Words | 4 Pages. Structure of a Personal Narrative Essay. Writing Center Structure of a Personal Narrative Essay “ Narrative ” is a term more commonly known as “story.” . Narratives written for college or personal narratives , tell a story, usually to some point, to illustrate some truth or insight. Plan Essay Exam? Following are some tools to help you structure your personal narrative , breaking it down into parts. The “Hook” Start your paper with a statement about exam your story that catches the reader’s attention, for essays, example : a relevant quotation, question, fact, or . First-person narrative , Grammatical person , Grammatical tense 789 Words | 5 Pages. About Narrative Essay Narrative essay is plan essay exam a popular topic on the Continuous Writing section and . students should take note that this topic has appeared in essay jobs, the SPM examination almost every year since the paper was introduced. Many people think that writing a story is a difficult task, but believe me, it is much easier than what you think because you are not confined to any particular point.
Therefore, you are free to voice out everything that is in your mind. A narrative essay is a piece of writing. A Story , Character , Essay 1134 Words | 3 Pages. joke about this accident. Things can seem horrible but really are insignificant moments in life. Exam? I can look back and clothing, laugh hysterically on a day I thought . was the exam, end of the essay, world. Essay Exam? Narrative essay assessment rubric/score sheet Due date: __________________ Narrative essays must be typed, double spaced using 12 point font with a 1 inch margin. Essay Jobs? Headings must be left justified and plan essay exam, include name, class period, title and writing jobs in uk, section, assignment and date, and be single spaced. Titles. Middle school , Sensory 754 Words | 4 Pages.
?Composition II Eric Sack Fall 2014 Essay 1 - Narrative Argument Write an plan essay that implies a clear claim and uses . your own first-hand experience for support/evidence. The essay must use appeals involving logos, ethos and in high essays, pathos, as well as connect with a general audience. Plan Exam? For an in-depth discussion of 25 worst analogies school essays narrative arguments, see chapter 11 of Good Reasons. Plan Exam? According to the book, narrative arguments rely on concrete individual stories rather than abstract statistics; they allow the readers to clothing fashion draw. Argument , Essay , Essays 723 Words | 2 Pages. Compare and plan exam, Contrast Essay: Narrative and Descriptive Essays. Compare and Contrast Essay Name Institutional Affiliation Introduction Academicians argue that, a powerful reader paints a picture . on a reader’s mind. Essay On Being? Writing effective different types of plan essay exam essays is increasingly becoming a critical organ of clothing essays academic success (Feng Checkett, 2014, p. 152). Plan Essay Exam? There are two major types of biophysical essays , narrative and descriptive. Plan Exam? While the 25 worst in high school essays, two might be appropriate in academic writing, one is arguably effective that the other.
Narrative essays tells a story from personal. Essay , I Know Why the exam, Caged Bird Sings , Maya Angelou 1036 Words | 6 Pages. and situations.The very world itself would fall apart on the foundation that it was built on without literacy. The turning point in my literacy skills came . later on in my life through encouragment from my girlfriend and influence followed by the example set by my older brother Brian. During the in uk, summer program as a child, I practiced the alphabet and learn to read books and write at the first grade level. Countless hours doing repetitive excercises reading and writing was not my cup of tea. Essay? Although. Essay , Full-time , High school 1159 Words | 3 Pages.
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Friends that we acquire while growing up seem to be the longest lasting type of friends, versus friends that we make when we are in our late. Big wave surfing , Electromagnetic radiation , Surfing 1244 Words | 3 Pages. September 11th, 2012 Asmaa Salem Narrative Essay I am an average 16 year who just can’t wait to grow up and face the real . world and not have to worry about any rules or restrictions. On January 12th, 1996, my parents named me Asmaa, so I have to biophysical interactions stick with that name for the rest of my life. Personally, I like the name because it’s the name of exam a very great person; more of a hero in Islam.
Names in my family go with a pattern; but this only goes for girls. The pattern is the double ‘A’ at fashion essays, the. 2008 albums , Debut albums , Frustration 1565 Words | 4 Pages. NARRATIVE ESSAY PROMPTS [Being Unprepared] Because you have been sick, out of exam town, busy at work, or working on clothing other . homework, you didn't have as much time to study for essay, an important test as you needed. Everyone going to school has been in writing jobs in uk, this situation. Think of a specific test that you took that you felt unprepared for plan essay exam, and narrate the for financial aid essay, events.
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It was one of those boring days at school; my friends and I were used to it. Since we were seniors, we used to participate in the morning act on fridays, as usual for. Blushing , Embarrassment , Humiliation 778 Words | 3 Pages. ?Anthony Santos September 18, 2013 Narrative Essay Professor Wang Unfamiliar Territory I recall the nerves, . sweat, and some tears of my first day of plan essay exam public school in essay, an unfamiliar environment. I was vulnerable and invisible to essay all the chaos occurring in my peripheral vision. All I remember is essay exam seeing an endless sea of faces from all different colors, backgrounds, and fashion essays, ages. In the plan essay, moment, I perceived that anyone who survived this madness would be considered invincible. This experience. Cafeteria , High school , Private school 825 Words | 3 Pages.
? NARRATIVE ESSAY NORMAL AGING OR ALZHEIMER’S? ENGLISH 101 DUE: 11-03-13 BY MELVA NORZAGARAY Normal aging or Alzheimer’s ? . I am never going to school essays forget the beginning of the most important lesson life has taught me up to plan this date. It was a rainy day. The sky was gloomy and the air was blowing cold. That day was very important to me, because my mother had an clothing essays appointment with the Neurologist. It was the plan, first time she would visit him. She did not know why we were going to essay see him.
Alzheimer's disease , Caregiving and dementia , Dementia 896 Words | 5 Pages. Achieving the American Dream Gentle, Revised Narrative Essay One would think that purchasing your first home would be a very . fascinating experience; after all it is one of the most major purchases of your entire life. In America, home ownership ties in with the exam, American Dream and the spirit of working hard to one day earn through hard work a home with a white picket fence. My husband and I felt that it was time for us to reward ourselves for all the essay, hard work we have been putting in over the. American Dream , Emily the Strange , Fence 1287 Words | 4 Pages. Donna Franklin Composition I 3 February 2013 Narrative Essay Significant components of exam life can happen at any time, . Analogies School Essays? anywhere. Most times people don’t know when they happen until years later when those tiny little things lead into something much bigger.
Things can be as simple as meeting someone in school one day to exam getting a random text at your grandmother’s funeral viewing. Though they can be odd and plan essay exam, something one would never expect in a million years, they can also be subtle enough to lead. Family , Friendship , Grandparent 1224 Words | 3 Pages. [pic] Faculty Of Entrepreneurship and Business Group : SAK 1_1 UBI 1022 – English Language Mdm. Lena Ramamurthy Narrative . Essay – My First Day In University Of Kelantan Name : Lim Wee Kiat Matric number : A10A249 Date of submission : 09/01/2011 Narrative Essay – My First Day In University Of Kelantan Perplex, that is the feeling that I have when I first came to University Malaysia of Kelantan (UMK). Actually I never thought that I will be coming here to further my higher.
Bus stop , Kelantan , Kota Bharu 1560 Words | 4 Pages. ?Wilson Guaman English 101-P Narrative Essay Life is full of surprises and essay exam, difficulties. A twist of fate can make your . life miserable or blooming as the aid essay, spring flower. Plan Essay? When my brother and I used to live in Ecuador, everything was so amazing. Writing In Uk? We always used to exam be so close to each other. Our relationship as brothers was unique and wonderful.
I remember we used to fashion go play soccer together every Friday, Saturday, and Sunday. Plan Essay? We were actually the best soccer players that you can find. But my. American films , English-language films , Family 1102 Words | 3 Pages. ?Sarah Bublitz 03/26/2014 Narrative Essay Have you ever had someone you had a rocky relationship with that doesn’t leave . you alone?
Well, I have. 25 Worst Analogies? I’m divorced from this man and he still continues to essay exam bother me. He is always around and I can’t get rid of him. You might ask me why and I’ll tell you. It’s because we have two beautiful daughters together and school, I have to be an essay exam adult and still communicate with him about our children. Why can’t he be an 25 worst school adult, I have no idea. Plan Essay Exam? I’m still trying.
Marriage 1062 Words | 2 Pages. Narrative Essay In a persons life friendship is a bond of truth and faith. Interactions Essay? Friendship is plan exam a feeling of love and affection of . one person for another. Biophysical Interactions Essay? Friends are very important part of life. Essay Exam? They are there to comfort, to laugh and to make memories with.
My friend is very dear to me. Plan Essay Exam? We used to see each other early morning before our class starts. Plan Essay Exam? The rest of the day passed awesome after meeting her. On Being? After three years when my family and I came back to New York, I saw my friend one day on exam Main street. College , Debut albums , English-language films 1007 Words | 3 Pages. Narrative Essay First Grade I didn’t realize my specialness at the time, even though I didn’t know much English the first day . of school there. All the kids and plan essay exam, teachers were nice to me and well-mannered with good intentions, but they could clearly see how I was an outsider, and how I was different from them. Plan Exam? I remember that I went to the pool every weekend with my grandpa, and my parent’s started making me take piano lessons. Second Grade I was thrown into a completely new environment with.
Education , Educational years , Elementary school 974 Words | 3 Pages. ?My Narrative Essay I believe that “Love at first sight” is need for financial real. An actual feeling you get when you first lay eyes on that one . special person. More special than anybody you’ve ever met. The person that your heart just immediately falls in love with and decides that it wants to spend eternity with that person. I believe in essay exam, “Love at first sight” because I’ve experienced in essay in uk, before. Essay Exam? The feeling it gives you is a hero like no other feeling you’ve ever felt before or ever experienced before in plan essay, your life.
You. A Little Bit , At First Sight , Blond 1019 Words | 3 Pages. me because of these experiences. In High School Essays? I will remember these experiences for the rest of my life because they each taught me so much. Plan? Dear Austin . Baack, You have successfully submitted the 25 worst in high essays, file Triple Crown Award to the assignment Narrative essay in the class 2nd Hour Ginder World Lit. on 06-Nov-2014 12:35AM. Your submission id is 474225051. Plan Essay? Your full digital receipt can be downloaded from the download button in clothing essays, your class assignment list in Turnitin or from the print/download button.
Boy Scouts of America , Canoe , Florida National High Adventure Sea Base 988 Words | 5 Pages. Derek Smith Keith M. McLure English 101 02/17/2013 Narrative Essay : Specific Life Event Many philosophers have came to a . conclusion that life experiences; good or bad are what make us better people. These experiences guide us through our future and give us wisdom to plan essay withstand the unexpected obstacles that come our way in the process of reaching the American Dream. Plan Essay Exam? Some may argue that we are in a survival of the fittest mentality. I firmly believe this statement is true. Plan? My own life journey. American Dream , Chef , Dream 1054 Words | 3 Pages.
Megan McMinn Professor Petas Bonaparte English 1920 20 December 2012 Narrative Essay Julia’s Success As the fashion essays, . May graduation ceremony finished, all the high school graduates threw their black and gold caps in the air and joined in cheering with the friends and family still in plan exam, their audience seats. Clothing? Still on plan essay the stage from giving a speech and interactions essay, thanking her parents for “helping her through the years”, Julia rushed to go hug them as they congratulated her on her success. Anti-obesity medication , Fenfluramine , Girl 1229 Words | 7 Pages. The Butterfly Effect Narrative Essay. Alyssa Iannotti Art of The Moving Image Narrative Essay November 28, 2007 The Butterfly Effect . Narrative form is simply “a type of filmic organization in which the parts relate to one another through a series of casually related events taking place in time and space.” Narration usually occurs in a cause-effect relationship. There are many factors of narration but range and depth are the most important. The range refers to plan essay how much we know in the plot. Range connects characters and. Ashton Kutcher , Eric Bress , Film 1208 Words | 3 Pages.
? Narrative Essay Wow, senior year of biophysical High School could not have gone faster. It felt as if I blinked and three years of high . school passed by. Everyone was worried about college acceptances and I was just worried about enjoying the last year of high school with my friends as it came to a close. Football season was the best time of the year as we practiced every morning at six. Our High School had won twelve state championships in the last thirteen years and we were prepared to exam win another one that. American football , Anterior cruciate ligament , College 1071 Words | 3 Pages. August 28, 2008 English Narrative Essay My Unplanned Weekend It was a Thursday afternoon and I was patiently . sitting in my chair at school talking to my friend Tanya about aid essay what we were going to do that weekend. I hear a voice say “Mr. Johnson can you send Lynn to the office for check out.” I was excited because this meant I did not have to go to math class. As I arrived at the office, I saw my sister she looked as if something was wrong. “Kimberly, what is wrong?” “I will tell. English-language films , Family , Grandparent 989 Words | 3 Pages.
age of expansion following on an age of discovery, its expansion led to still further discovery about architectural design and decoration. Section A: . Interiors S.Maria Della Salute (1631-1682) The interior of S.Maria Della Salute is a very good example of plan essay exam Baroque Architecture and design. It displays the Baroque essence in a way but is need for financial aid essay not completely over ornamented nor does it contain any unsuitable details. Marble is mainly used in the columns and plan essay exam, the base appears to be gilded in bronze. Sculptures. Baroque , Baroque music , Dome 1264 Words | 4 Pages. Kevin Heart . 25 Worst Analogies? 4-3-12 English-110 Narrative essay Murder is the unlawful killing of another human being with malice afterthought, and generally this state of mind distinguishes murder from other forms of plan essay exam unlawful homicide (such as manslaughter). As the for financial, loss of a human being inflicts enormous grief upon the individuals close to the victim, as well as.
Capital punishment , Capital punishment in the United States , Death 1056 Words | 3 Pages. within a narrative are very important. They help set the plan essay exam, stage so the reader can understand the story from the analogies essays, author’s perspective. A . narrative is structured so the reader can see things clearly. The structure contains the introduction, the body, and the conclusion. Essay Exam? The introduction has a thesis statement. A thesis statement is clothing a sentence that states the plan, main point of the narrative . The introduction will clarify the main points the writer will make throughout the body of the plan essay exam, narrative . The body. Automobile , Bicycle , Causality 1419 Words | 4 Pages. Sarah Parker Eng 102 Narrative Essay Degree Choice Everyone in the world has a journey to find their passion.
Whether it . be short, long, thought-out or impulsive, people may find out what career field they'd like to join. Essay? Once one discovers their passion and what career path to follow, they are then made to pursue a degree that will help them excel. For some it took only moments to decide their fate; it takes some only biophysical a simple decision towards what path they want to essay take. It took me years. Academic degree , Associate's degree , Bachelor's degree 1423 Words | 4 Pages. K. Rogers 2-26-13 Crazy Canine Catastrophe narrative essay There was a calming familiarity of the obnoxious clanging . of pots and pans in the kitchen that morning, as I began to wake up to essay the sight of plan essay another seemingly unrelenting snow storm. I wiped off the greenish, yellow crust that had built up around my eyes from the night before and glanced out through the iced-over window pane in my room. I couldn't see further than fifteen yards in any direction, barely being able to make out. Mother 1761 Words | 4 Pages.
Name: Jamin Clubb English 1101 Class 425 9/20/11 Narrative essay I remember Valentine’s Day this past year like no other; . it was on a Monday this year. Mondays for my wife and me were like our Fridays, we both worked weekends, and for aid essay, years never got to go out much; that was until we discovered half priced beers at a place called World of Beer. That became our normal spot; we even got a large group of friends to come out with us every Monday night for essay, drinks and games at writing jobs in uk, the bar. About a. Debut albums , Doctor , Human chorionic gonadotropin 1124 Words | 3 Pages. English 101 Narrative Essay In Death, You Live Forever “Can you get me a glass of essay exam water?” my mother whispered in a hoarse . voice. I nodded and quickly escaped the interactions, dimly lit bedroom to fetch my mother a glass of water from the kitchen. She said she wanted water, and I believed her one hundred percent, but I knew that she had another motive for sending me out of the room. She wanted to speak to exam her friend, Angelo, in private. I knew she would be talking to him about her condition, but that’s.
Barbie , Bild Lilli doll , Book 1519 Words | 4 Pages. Camacho Narrative Essay Week 5 Revision There can be major physical changes and effects to essay a hero a female’s body after having a . child. In 2011 when I had my son the hospital gave me an epidural for the pain; they did the shot too high up on my back. As far as anyone knew I was fine. I showed no signs of problems until after I got out of the essay exam, hospital, when I started having back spasms due to the fact that the epidural was done incorrectly. The female body goes through many natural changes; it prepares. AIDS , Bile , Bile duct 1154 Words | 3 Pages. Compare-Contrast Essay Eng121: English Composition I (AXC13480) Regina McKinney Professor: Nancy Segovia January 1, 2014 A . Essay On Being? narrative essay is about storytelling for a narrative story to essay exam work it must capture and plan essay exam, hold the audience attention you must give a clear understanding of your story. A descriptive essay lets you describe in detail what the essay is all about using words that appeal to your sense of exam smell, hearing, see, touch, and taste. A descriptive essay lets you use words that. Essay , Maya Angelou , Narrative 1226 Words | 4 Pages.
SECRET TALENT When we talk about analogies in high school essays talent then first question that comes in our mind is “what is talent?” .Talent is any natural ability or power of a . person. Talent actually means that someone has special ability or power in some specific field. For example someone has power to change the essay exam, peoples mind through his/her speaking power it means that that person has speaking ability and need for financial aid essay, power in his/her voice that can affect the peoples mind. It’s called talent. Talent is natural ability it builds self-confidence. Billboard Hot Dance Club Songs number-one singles , Cognition , English-language films 760 Words | 3 Pages. old skills. Plan? Been a volunteer can help many people in the world. Such as people who are in the hospitals suffering from sicknesses that they no cure also . people who are without family and biophysical interactions, many kids that are suffering from very bad sicknesses for example , cancer IDS.
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In Warner. Animation , Bugs Bunny , Chuck Jones 1216 Words | 3 Pages. Examples from Reflection Essays Disciplinary Awareness “The research I did this summer focused on sorption of cesium and . strontium by soils. These two chemicals are commonly found in chemical contaminants… My research also focused on the distribution coefficient which is essay a measurement of how much of a solvent is [absorbed] by a geologic medium.” “I found that many of the readings I came across regarding abortion seemed to writing jobs in uk convey a strong belief in human rights, which was demonstrated by the dichotomy. Abortion , Clean Water Act , Human rights 1543 Words | 5 Pages.
Example Essay “He that is plan exam good for making excuses is seldom good for anything else.” -- Ben Franklin. As early as the . founding of the United States of America, Mr. Franklin observed society using the excuse, I don't have enough time… and essay writing jobs in uk, it negative effects on their lives. Essay Exam? Today, it is frequently used as an excuse to justify the lack of time management skills. Plan Essay Exam? The effects on kids, work, or even in family life are sometimes devastating. Plan Exam? In a day there are 24 hours, and time is essay available.
Benjamin Franklin , Family , Franklin Planner 950 Words | 3 Pages. surprised to find three judges, different from the essay exam, previous year. My face literally turned as bright as the sun when I did not see the interactions, judge that absolutely . detests my teacher, *a*c* *e*s*n (for privacy reasons, I will exclude her name from plan essay, this essay ). I turned as hyper as a kid could become, and I was about to essay writing jobs in uk scream from happiness right then. Every single time I am in a competition, and she’s a judge, she always marks me down. Luckily, she was not here this time, and instead, sitting in her.
Competition , Debut albums , Mess 1337 Words | 4 Pages. idea of ghosts is exam far too exaggerated to clothing fashion be real. According to psychologydictionary.org the paranormal is “designating any phenomenon comprising the . transfer of data or energy which can't be described by present scientific insights” (“What”). For example , a couple of years ago I was in my house alone. I was walking towards the front door and a pair of scissors fell from the countertop and on to the floor.
It scared me to death and it was like the essay exam, scissors had been thrown. I do not know if it was. Cryptid , Ghost , Loch Ness Monster 1320 Words | 5 Pages. mess you up for life. Therefore these experiences will become a necessary example to teach you how to for financial aid essay deal with the unfairness . in life.
When I first started middle school I felt so out of place, I mean I had to deal some very flaky people and plan essay exam, I was very stressed out on being a lot. The reason why I was so stressed out was because of the plan, changes that I had to endure around and to me. For example I had to deal with the disturbing fact that I was growing hair in various places on need for financial aid essay my. College , English-language films , High school 1128 Words | 3 Pages. ? Eng 121 Narrative Essay 02/13/2014 Education is the key to success and as such the essay, only way to 25 worst analogies school get to the top. As the . late president Nelson Mandela said, “It always seems impossible unless it’s done. Plan Essay Exam? I was fourteen years of clothing fashion essays age when this incredible opportunity came for exam, me to join the 25 worst analogies in high school, Bournvita brain match quiz club sponsored by Cadbury as a representative for my junior high school. On my journey to the quiz club, I learnt how to associate with people, listen and plan, not. College , Grammar school , High school 1573 Words | 4 Pages. Keba Raye Eng 101 (online) Narrative Paper / Final Draft A DANCER WAS BORN I had only hours until those big red curtains slowly dragged . apart. I had been practicing for interactions, the most important showcase of the year for over a month now.
I t was my first solo performance and essay exam, my nerves were rattling. I was only nine! How was I supposed to handle the school, most important part of the entire routine all on plan exam my shoulders? I stared around at writing jobs, the gym. Today it seemed extremely larger than any other day. Essay Exam? All. Dance , Lunch , The Showcase 897 Words | 3 Pages. ?John Doe Professor Mansito ENC 1101 12:00-1:50 21 October 2013 Essay 1 Sexuality: The 1950’s to Today Sexuality, like many other . things in 25 worst analogies in high school essays, our world, is an ever changing thing.
The ideas and plan exam, connotations surrounding it change from generation to generation. Because of a hero this, the idea of sex in the 1950’s is completely different from the idea of essay sex today. Need? Today, sexuality can be expressed in almost anything we do. Commercials, billboards, TV shows, movies, magazine articles, and many other. 20th century , 21st century , Global warming 1105 Words | 4 Pages. ?Alena Professor Okun ENC 1101 3 February 2014 Narration Essay Number One Growing up nothing ever affected me as much as the essay, time when I . Essay A Hero? saw my baby sister in agony. Cecelia was only two years old at exam, the time and need aid essay, yet she had already gone through something so horrific and frightening for a toddler to experience. I could not understand what was happening as I was only a little girl. The feeling that I had in the pit of my stomach left me feeling petrified because it was truly one of my worst. Advanced Trauma Life Support , Burn , Doctor 1667 Words | 4 Pages. other areas) show specific anatomical and functional features in professional and semi-professional musicians.” One of the plan essay exam, most visible . benefits of playing a musical instrument is the improvement of memory capacity and ability.
For example , the constant use of essay both the left and right hemispheres of the brain simultaneously in someone who plays the piano exercises memory. Thanks to this, it is also believed that people who play musical instruments are less prone to have neurodegenerative. Brain , Intelligence , Intelligence quotient 946 Words | 3 Pages.
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Essay: Change within the organisation. Change is exam, inevitable and essays an integral part of life, beneficial to plan, the people or an organisation. Essay A Hero. Many organisations are able to initiate change and succeed in doing so, but some are not quite as successful therefore require a proper strategic plan to effectively implement change. The change management plan has to be properly planned to ensure its success. Many people have come up with various plans that aim to assist an organisation to successfully implement change. In this case, the focus is on organisational change on Quantum Property Services (QPS).
It is plan, a well-established and known organisation whose specialty is in the search for, acquisition and restoration of large forgotten industrial and historical buildings in order to sell them on for both public and private use. The organisation has been doing well but has several challenges. Its sales have decreased due to the recession and competition in the current market. The company has seen that there is a critical need for soft change such as changes in the cultural setting of an essay on being organisation which can be quite messy. The company needs to take up the changes required to help maintain their identity as shown in essay exam the multiple cause diagram. Their need for change is plan essay exam, fuelled by a number of reasons. First, their sales have decreased by half and this is not a good thing for the company. Secondly, there is lack of movement according to the organisation’s CEO. Thirdly, as the Senior Management Team (SMT) had identified, they need to broaden the organisation’s activities. Fourthly, there is an immense and growing need for a new and different skill set.
In order for them to plan, boost their sales and be able to maintain their status of excellence and quality, various changes need to be made in the four areas mentioned above; their decreased sales, lack of movement, the need to broaden the essay on being, company’s activities and the growing need for a different skill set (Weiner, 2009). If QPS adopts to apply other change strategies, they may not be as successful in implementing them due to the cultural setting of the business and that of the employees. These ineffective changes include hiring new employees with no proficiency and the compliance to change as mentioned in the force field analysis. If the company evaluates their staff and decide to keep incompetent employees, these employees would not be effective in the planning and implementation of change in the organisation (Kanter et al., 2003). QPS needs to increase their sales from three per plan essay exam, year to an average of six or more per essay a hero, year in order to avoid incurring losses. This can be achieved through coming up with new market strategies that can increase their sales and revenue. These strategies can improve their customer services through establishing a firm relationship. They need to plan essay, implement changes through creation of motivation especially with the employees. The employees need to have a sense of enthusiasm and motivation so as to diligently work hard and make the organisation prosper. Motivation can be in the promise of promotion, an increment in wages or even extra vacation days. A new skill set, for example in the Social Media department ensures a steady online presence for the company, needs to be established and plan essay exam identified in order to plan essay exam, give the company a stronger edge and base for future operations.
Broadening the company’s activities would give the company an opportunity to establish itself on a better platform the essays, greater good of the enterprise. They can broaden their activities through establishing and partnering with foreign firms in selling their products overseas and also through investing in new projects in a different market structure so as to expand the company’s portfolio. In QPS, the company would use the OD soft system model for change (Figure 1). The OD soft system model is easy but tactful model for change because it illustrates challenges of soft complexity in unbounded situations. The OD processes fully referred to as the Organisational Development (OD) according to plan essay exam, Senior (1997) its ‘a term for a set of values and 25 worst analogies in high assumptions about an organisation and the people within them, together with a range of concepts and techniques, are thought useful for plan essay exam, bringing about on being long-term, organisation-wide change’; that is change which is more likely to dissolve problems than resolve or solve them. The OD process operates at all levels of the essay exam, organisational, individual, and essay on being a hero group. It is a fairly long-term process for initiating and plan implementing planned change (Senior and Swailes, 2010, p. 326). Figure 1: OD Model of Change (Senior and Swailes, 2010, p. Aid Essay. 328). For an effective change plan that can be implemented through effective communication and plan essay participation, the problems and challenges that QPS faces need to be identified so as to establish a clear model for change.
The OD approach is a better approach in identifying the problem and clothing fashion looking for strategies that would tackle these challenges and issues. OD focuses on culture and processes, QPS has a culture of excellence and diligence and by using the OD process it would have an advantage of maintaining its processes (Senior and Swailes, 2010, p. Essay. 328). The first stage which termed as ‘the present and future state’ seeks to imply the need aid essay, dimensions that an organisation needs to essay, work on. The present state of the organisation needs to be evaluated so as to decide on the future state of the organisation. One cannot succeed without the biophysical, other.
The vision part clearly identifies what the future should hold for the organisations. Plan Essay. This usually gives an outline of what vision QPS should have. The vision cannot be achieved without assessing the current and present situation. The first stage in this process is diagnosing the current situation. In QPS, the current diagnosis is the declining sales of the acquisitions they acquire.
This gives a perspective to which an effective plan shall be developed. After this, there is need to develop a vision for change. Essay On Being A Hero. After an plan exam explicit evaluation of the present stage, an organisation gets a clear perspective of what it needs to change. QPS can develop a vision that it would aim at achieving in the future. It would have to need for financial aid essay, come up with ‘something new’ to give it a competitive edge in the current market.
This may imply a different strategy in terms of services and markets for essay exam, the organisation. It may also imply a change in structure and culture of the organisation as shown in the systems map future. For QPS to achieve the desired change it has to bridge the gap between the current strategy and goals and writing those to which it must aspire in order to respond to the forces and circumstances of changing internal and external environments (Senior and Swailes, 2010). The fifth stage involves assessment and reinforcement of the change. After the implementation process, most organisations throw in the towel which is not recommended. In order to ensure that the change process is successful, the assessment of the changes made needs to essay exam, be done. QPS would gain a lot from the assessment process. Assessment of the company because change is an evolving process concerned not only with changes in quantifiable performance objectives but also with changes in attitudes, behaviours and cultural norms where measurement is bound to a hero, be less precise (Senior and Swailes, 2010).
QPS would benefit a lot from the changes if it implements them successfully. Primary it would allow QPS to discover new opportunities, acquire new know-how and essay exam apply their new learned expertise in ways that would assist the plan essay exam, business in the future as presented in the systems map. Plan Essay Exam. In the end, QPS would be able to expand its growth opportunities. The company has already developed and established its status quo as an essay excellent and essay competent organisation, but with the changes it would implement, it would be able to adapt a greater status quo. Writing Jobs. This can be achieved through extensively investing in new innovative ideas. In addition, QPS would benefit from increased adaptability by plan essay employing ‘fresh blood’ young employees from different and diverse workforce for the new Social Media department as illustrated in the force field diagram.
It would also have a wider service range due to the diverse collection of experiences and clothing fashion expertise. If the organisation decides to plan essay exam, neglect the call for plan essay exam, change, it may also face a number of risks. These risks include losing its customers in plan essay the current market, incurring significant losses, employees quitting their jobs while others get hired by other rival companies. In the plan essay exam, end, the company might end up shutting down (Greenberg, 2004). Other triggers of change just as a PESTLE analysis is necessary for essay, the process of biophysical essay, formulating new strategies that would be advantageous to essay, the company and a SWOT analysis of essay on being, QPS is important since it would be able to identify the strengths and weakness of the plan, company’s actions and the opportunities and threats in for financial aid essay the current market (see Appendix A and B). Challenges of planning and implementation. Change is essential to the company because it enables QPS to operate on a renewed scale.
This means that the business can acquire new skill sets that would allow it to be successful. Customer needs are also changing. If the organisation does not change its customer approach, it may end up losing its customers and clients (Prosci, n.d.). QPS needs to change so that it can maintain a strong brand and be capable of plan exam, obtaining advantage of plan essay exam, new opportunities when they present themselves. During the plan essay exam, implementation of these changes, there shall be obstacles experienced. Essay. Some of these challenges include differing perspectives, resistance to the change from employees and lack of plan essay exam, efficient change management resources and planning. By using the K??bler-Ross change curve, these challenges can be addressed (Figure 2). Figure 2: K??bler-Ross change curve (K??bler-Ross, 1969).
Most employees are afraid of what the change entails; some might think that it involves losing their jobs and might have fears over job security. To tackle these obstacles, they need to essay, carefully explain to the employees on what they would be getting themselves into. In terms of efficient change resources and management, the company ought to implement new management to oversee the change plan. The new management can include leaders who are competent and flexible to change. In terms of the differing perspectives, the company should have an overall strategic change manager as show in the future systems map, who will effectively supervise the ideas and plan thoughts that would be offered. The supervisor’s decision would be final in the change arrangement (Schalk et al., 1998). Kotter’s model can also be used in to address challenges and the last two steps in the process can be very useful in tackling these issues because they aim at implementing and sustaining change (Figure 3). The seventh step, build on the change, looks at tweaks to optimize the change.
This step is used to increase reliability in the current change. This ensures that the QPS does not go back to its old ways once it has adapted to the new change. The eighth step, make it stick, seeks to make the change developed in the organisation to stick and should be for the long-term. The change can be made firm through support from leaders and essay writing passing on the new change ideas to any newly hired employees and staff. Figure 3: 8-Step Process for Leading Change by Kotter (Kotter, 1997). Overall, change is important in any given organisation. It ensures that companies have a competitive edge and can accommodate the growing base of customers. Plan Exam. If QPS implements the changes highlighted above while paying close attention to the challenges and the future systems map, it will be the leading organisation in the restoration, restructuring and vending of the historical buildings in the current market. They will have rebounded from a slump and effectively implemented an effective change management process which can be replicated in the years to come ensuring the long-term sustainability of their company.
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